Miller Center

American President

Jimmy Carter (1924– )

Portrait of Jimmy Carter

Facts at a Glance

39th President of the United States (1977–1981)
October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia
Full Name
James Earl Carter, Jr.
Georgia Southwestern College, 1941–1942; Georgia Institute of Technology, 1942–1943; United States Naval Academy, 1943–1946 (class of 1947); Union College, 1952–1953
Eleanor Rosalynn Smith (b. August 18, 1927), July 7, 1946
John William (Jack) (1947–), James Earl III (Chip) (1950–), Donnel Jeffrey (Jeff) (1952–), Amy Lynn (1967–)
Soldier; Farmer, Warehouseman, Public Official, Professor
Political Party
Why Not the Best? (1975); A Government as Good as Its People (1977); The Wit and Wisdom of Jimmy Carter (1977); Keeping Faith (1982); Everything to Gain (1987); An Outdoor Journal (1988); Turning Point (1992); The Blood of Abraham (1993); Always a Reckoning (1995); Living Faith (1996); The Virtues of Aging (1998); An Hour Before Daylight (2001); The Hornet’s Nest (2003); Sharing Good Times (2004).
A Life in Brief
Jimmy Carter’s one-term presidency is remembered for the events that overwhelmed it—inflation, energy crisis, war in Afghanistan, and hostages in Iran. After one term in office, voters strongly rejected Jimmy Carter’s honest but gloomy outlook in favor of Ronald Reagan’s telegenic optimism. More . . .

Address to the Nation on Energy (April 18, 1977)

Presidential Speech Archive

Essays on Jimmy Carter and His Administration

Jimmy Carter
A Life in Brief
Life Before the Presidency
Campaigns and Elections
Domestic Affairs
Foreign Affairs
Life After the Presidency
Family Life
The American Franchise
Impact and Legacy
Key Events
First Lady
Rosalynn Carter
Vice President
Walter Mondale
Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance (1977–1980)
Edmund Muskie (1980–1981)
Secretary of Defense
Harold Brown (1977–1981)
Secretary of the Interior
Cecil D. Andrus (1977–1981)
Secretary of Commerce
Juanita Kreps (1977–1979)
Philip Klutznick (1979–1981)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Joseph A. Califano, Jr. (1977–1979)
Patricia R. Harris (1979–1980)
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Patricia R. Harris (1980–1981)
Secretary of Transportation
Brock Adams (1977–1979)
Neil Goldschmidt (1979–1981)
Secretary of the Treasury
W. Michael Blumenthal (1977–1979)
G. William Miller (1979–1981)
Attorney General
Griffin Bell (1977–1979)
Benjamin Civiletti (1979–1981)
Secretary of Agriculture
Robert Bergland (1977–1981)
Secretary of Labor
F. Ray Marshall (1977–1981)
Secretary of Education
Shirley Hufstedler (1980–1981)
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Patricia R. Harris (1977–1979)
Moon Landrieu (1979–1981)
Secretary of Energy
James R. Schlesinger (1977–1979)
Charles Duncan, Jr. (1979–1981)

Consulting Editor: Robert A. Strong

Professor Strong is the William Lyne Wilson Professor of Politics at Washington and Lee University. He is also an associate editor of the White House Studies journal and has worked on the Presidential Oral History program at the Miller Center. His writings include:

Working in the World: Jimmy Carter and the Making of American Foreign Policy (Louisiana State University Press, 2000)

Decisions and Dilemmas: Case Studies in Presidential Foreign Policy Making (M.E. Sharpe, 2005)