Miller Center

Presidential Key Events

Franklin D. Roosevelt

 

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Franklin D. Roosevelt - 08/10/1944: The island of Guam is retaken by U.S. forces after…
The island of Guam is retaken by U.S. forces after twenty days of fighting, leaving 17,000 Japanese casualties and more than 7,000 American casualties. It is of special significance for the United States as Guam fell to the Japanese just a week after the attack on Pearl Harbor. August 10, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 08/14/1944: The War Production Board allows the resumption of …
The War Production Board allows the resumption of various consumer goods, such as vacuums, electric ranges, and cooking utensils. August 14, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 08/21/1944: The Dumbarton Oaks Conference begins in Washington…
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference begins in Washington, D.C., attended by representatives of the United States, Britain, China, and the U.S.S.R. It lays the groundwork for the United Nations, an international organization for promoting peaceful and legal solutions to international problems. August 21, 1944 - October 07, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 08/25/1944: Allied forces liberate Paris, …
Allied forces liberate Paris, France. August 25, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 09/08/1944: The first of the German V-2 rockets land in Englan…
The first of the German V-2 rockets land in England; they are much faster and more powerful than the V-1 rockets, and will take a toll on the British people in the waning months on the war. September 08, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 09/11/1944: At the Octagon Conference in Quebec, FDR and Churc…
At the Octagon Conference in Quebec, FDR and Churchill discuss strategies for pursuing the Germans and Japanese and their treatment following the war. September 11, 1944 - September 16, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 09/12/1944: American forces engage German troops on German soi…
American forces engage German troops on German soil for the first time in the war. September 12, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 10/20/1944: U.S. forces invade Leyte Island in the Philippines…
U.S. forces invade Leyte Island in the Philippines. They are led by General MacArthur, who broadcasts to the Philippine people that he has fulfilled his promise of returning to the country. Three days later, the Japanese send a major naval force to disrupt the invasion. These forces meet in the Battle of the Leyte Gulf where the Japanese suffer a major defeat, losing twenty-four large ships; it is the largest naval engagement of the war and hereafter, the Japanese Navy is limited largely to suicide engagements in the form of Kamikaze fighter pilots. October 20, 1944 - October 26, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 11/07/1944: FDR wins an unprecedented fourth term as President…
FDR wins an unprecedented fourth term as President over the Republican challenger Dewey; while the electoral vote is a landslide--432 to 99--the popular vote is much closer, 25.6 million to 22 million. November 07, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 12/16/1944: Germany launches its final offensive of the war, c…
Germany launches its final offensive of the war, counterattacking Allied defenses in the Ardennes Forest in an engagement known as the Battle of the Bulge. It will take two weeks for the Allies to regroup from the surprise attack and launch their own counterattack. December 16, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 12/31/1944: Despite efforts by the federal government to contr…
Despite efforts by the federal government to control wages and prices, the cost of living registers a 30-percent increase since the United States formally entered the war. December 31, 1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 01/20/1945: FDR is inaugurated for his fourth term as Presiden…
FDR is inaugurated for his fourth term as President. January 20, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 02/04/1945: At the Yalta Conference in the Crimea, FDR, Church…
At the Yalta Conference in the Crimea, FDR, Churchill, and Stalin meet to discuss the final assault on Germany and the treatment of that country following the war. They sign a “Declaration on Liberated Europe,” discuss the providing for democratic governance of European nations, and agree to meet in San Francisco that April to establish an international peace organization. February 04, 1945 - February 11, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 02/04/1945: U.S. troops complete the capture of Manila, the ca…
U.S. troops complete the capture of Manila, the capital of the Philippine islands. February 04, 1945 - February 24, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 02/19/1945: In one of the hardest-fought battles of the war, U…
In one of the hardest-fought battles of the war, U.S. Marines capture the island of Iwo Jima. The engagement leaves 4,000 Americans and 20,000 Japanese dead. February 19, 1945 - March 16, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 04/01/1945: Nearing the mainland islands of Japan, the U.S. Ar…
Nearing the mainland islands of Japan, the U.S. Army wins a fierce battle to capture the island of Okinawa; in the process the United States will lose 80,000 in casualties and Japan 120,000. April 01, 1945 - June 21, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 04/09/1945: In a national poll, 81 percent of Americans say th…
In a national poll, 81 percent of Americans say that they favor the creation of an international peace organization, a sharp contrast to the 26 percent who supported a similar body in 1937. April 09, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt - 04/12/1945: While vacationing in Warm Springs, Georgia, Presid…
While vacationing in Warm Springs, Georgia, President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies following a massive cerebral hemorrhage. Vice President Harry S. Truman is immediately sworn in, becoming the thirty-fourth President of the United States. April 12, 1945

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