Miller Center

Edward M. Kennedy Oral Histories

The Edward M. Kennedy Project interviews cover a broad range of politically and biographically important topics, including Kennedy's pre-Senate years and mastering politics, his relationship to his brothers and their career choices, his rise to the Senate leadership, his political style, his Senate and presidential campaigns, his public causes and how he sought to advance them, and his legacy.

In addition to interviews with Senator Kennedy, the program's scholars interviewed others who knew him in various contexts, from different vantage points and throughout his life.  The end product is a collection of 280 oral history interviews, 29 of those with Senator Kennedy himself. more →

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
Gerry Adams President, Sinn Féin Party
Bertie Ahern Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of Ireland
Dermot Ahern Ireland's foreign minister
Stuart Altman (not yet released) Health policy adviser to Presidents Nixon and Clinton
Nan Aron (not yet released) Outside policy adviser; President, Alliance for Justice
Melody Barnes Staffer for Edward Kennedy
William G. Barry (not yet released) Outside policy adviser on security arrangements and expertise; family friend
Robert Bates (5/2007) Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Robert Bates (7/2007) Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Birch Bayh (not yet released) United States Senator from Indiana; family friend
Samuel Beer Harvard professor; president of Americans for Democratic Action
Joseph R.  Biden (not yet released) Vice-President of the United States; Senator from Delaware
Jeffrey Blattner Staffer for Edward Kennedy
David Blumenthal National Coordinator for Health Information Technology
David Boies Chief Counsel, Senate Judiciary Committee
David Bowen, Mark Childress, Michael Myers (not yet released) Bowen: staff director for health policy; Childress: senior advisor on health care reform on HELP committee; Michael Myers: staff director and chief counsel for HELP committee
Stephen Breyer (6/2008) Associate Justice, US Supreme Court
Stephen Breyer (9/2008) Associate Justice, US Supreme Court
David Broder Journalist, White House Press Corps
Edward W. Brooke Massachusetts Senator
David Burke (2007) Edward Kennedy's Chief of Staff; President of CBS News
David Burke (2008) Edward Kennedy's Chief of Staff; President of CBS News
Sheila Burke Chief of Staff to Robert Dole; Senate Finance Committee Aid
Robert C. Byrd Senator, West Virginia
Mary Beth Cahill (not yet released) EMK Chief of Staff (2001-03)
Joseph Califano (not yet released) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under President Carter
Philip Caper Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Richard Clasby Friend of Edward Kennedy
Adam Clymer Reporter, The New York Times
Thad Cochran Mississippi Senator
Ranny Cooper (2007) (not yet released) EMK Chief of Staff (1987-1992)
Ranny Cooper (2008) (not yet released) EMK Chief of Staff (1987-1992)
Thomas Costin Kennedy supporter; former Postmaster
Gregory Craig White House Counsel; Foreign Policy Advisor to Edward Kennedy and Madeline Albright
John Culver (03/2005) Senator from Iowa, staffer for Edward Kennedy; friend
John Culver (06/2007) Senator from Iowa, staffer for Edward Kennedy; friend
John Culver (09/2009) Senator from Iowa, Legislative Assistant to Edward Kennedy; friend
Stephanie Cutter (not yet released) EMK Senior Communications Adviser; Communications Director
John Danforth Senator, Missouri; US Permanent Representative to United Nations
Thomas A. Daschle Senator, South Dakota; Senate Majority Leader
Dale DeHaan (not yet released) Staff, Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Refugees; EMK Speechwriter
Eugene A. Dellea Campaign aide
John D. Dingell, Jr.  Member of the House of Representatives
E.J. Dionne (not yet released) Journalist, New York Times and Washington Post
Gerard Doherty Attorney; Kennedy volunteer; friend of Edward Kennedy
Robert Dole Kansas Senator
Sean Donlon, Garret Fitzgerald, Michael Lillis (not yet released) Donlon: Irish Ambassador to U.S.; Fitzgerald: Prime Minister of Ireland; Lillis: Irish embassy official in Washington, DC
Paul Donovan (not yet released) EMK Press Secretary ; EMK Chief of Staff
John W. Douglas Assistant Attorney General; Civil Rights Advocate
Donald Dowd Campaign aide
Michael Dukakis Governor, Massachusetts; 1988 Democratic Presidential Nominee
Thomas Francis Eagleton (not yet released) United States Senator from Missouri
Stuart Eizenstat Domestic policy advisor to Jimmy Carter
Michael Enzi (2006) United States Senator from Wyoming
Michael Enzi (2009) United States Senator from Wyoming
David Espo Special Correspondent, Associated Press
John A. Farrell Reporter, The Boston Globe
Anthony S. Fauci AIDS Researcher
Judy Feder Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Rashi Fein Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Kenneth Feinberg Counsel, Senate Judiciary Committee; chief of staff to EMK
Dan H. Fenn, Jr. Director of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library
Lee Fentress Assistant United States Attorney; Staffer for Robert Kennedy
Charles Ferris (not yet released) Staff Director, Senate Democratic Policy Committee (1963-1977) and former chairman of FCC
Max Fine Executive Director, Committee for National Health Insurance
Garret FitzGerald Prime Minister of Ireland
Alice Fitzgerald and Patricia Hagan Kennedy volunteers
Robert P. Fitzgerald, Sr. Cousin of Edward Kennedy; Lawyer
James Flug (11/2007) (not yet released) Legislative Assistant and then Chief Counsel to Senator Kennedy
James Flug (12/4/2007) (not yet released) Legislative Assistant and then Chief Counsel to Senator Kennedy
James Flug (12/18/2007) (not yet released) Legislative Assistant and then Chief Counsel to Senator Kennedy
Wyche Fowler US Ambassador to Saudi Arabia; Senator, Georgia
Mary Frackleton Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Michael J.  Frazier (not yet released) Legislative Assistant to Senator Kennedy
John Kenneth Galbraith (not yet released) Founder of Americans for Democratic Actiion; adviser to President Kennedy; Ambassador to India for President Kennedy
Ann Gargan Cousin
Connie Garner (2008) (not yet released) Policy director for Disability and Special Populations for the US Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee (HELP)
Connie Garner (2010) (not yet released) Policy director for Disability and Special Populations for the US Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee (HELP)
Kilvert Dun Gifford Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Leroy Goldman Staff Director, Senate Subcommittee on Health
Willis D. Gradison, Jr. Ohio Congressman
Marcia Greenberger (not yet released) Founder and Co-President of the National Women's Law Center
Ellen Guiney Chief Education Advisor to the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Milton Gwirtzman (05/2009) Speechwriter, Advisor to Edward and Robert Kennedy
Milton Gwirtzman (08/2009) Speechwriter, Advisor to Edward and Robert Kennedy
Charles Haar Harvard Law Professor
Timothy Hanan Friend; Campaign Manager
Brian and Alma Hart Activists; Parents of Fallen Soldier (PFC. John Hart)
Terry Hartle (not yet released) Education staff director for the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Orrin Hatch (not yet released) United States Senator from Utah
Robert Healy Journalist, The Boston Globe
Antonia Hernandez Counsel to Senate Judiciary Committee
William J. Vanden Heuvel (2005) Special Assistant to the Attorney General; Deputy U.S. Permanent Representative to United Nations
William J. Vanden Heuvel (2006) Deputy U.S. Permanent Representative to United Nations & other positions
John Hilley Director, White House Office of Legislative Affairs, under Bill Clinton
Claude Jr. Hooton (not yet released) Friend and law school classmate
Larry Horowitz (4/15/2008) (not yet released) Chief of Staff to Senator Kennedy and longtime health adviser
Larry Horowitz (4/16/2008) (not yet released) Chief of Staff to Senator Kennedy and longtime health adviser
Larry Horowitz (2010) (not yet released) Chief of Staff to Senator Kennedy and longtime health adviser
John Hume Irish Social Democratic and Labour Party President
Robert Hunter Foreign Policy Adviser to Edward Kennedy
Lester Hyman Chairman, Massachusetts Democratic Party
Michael Iskowitz (2007) (not yet released) Chief Counsel on Poverty, Disability & Family Policy
Michael Iskowitz (2008) (not yet released) Chief Counsel on Poverty, Disability & Family Policy
Christopher Jennings (not yet released) Health care aide to President Clinton
John F. Jennings President, Center on Education Policy
Olatunde Johnson Civil rights policy adviser to Edward Kennedy
Stanley Jones (03/2007) EMK staffer; healthcare specialist
Stanley Jones (09/2007) EMK staffer; healthcare specialist
Jan Kalicki Chief Foreign Policy Advisor to Edward Kennedy
Nancy Kassebaum Senator, Kansas
Boris And Natalya Katz Soviet Refuseniks
Nicholas Katzenbach U.S. Attorney General, 1965-66
Edward Kennedy Jr., Kara Kennedy, Patrick Kennedy (not yet released) Children of Senator Kennedy born in 1960 (Kara), 1961 (Edward, Jr.), and 1967 (Patrick)
Edward M. Kennedy (03/23/2005) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (6/3/2005) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (6/17/2005) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (10/14/2005) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (2/27/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (3/20/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (5/08/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (8/15/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (11/29/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (12/1/2006) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (01/06/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (02/12/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (4/3/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (05/30/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (5/31/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (8/7/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (8/8/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (10/8/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (10/9/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (12/9/2007) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (1/7/2008) Senator
Edward M. Kennedy (3/28/2008) Senator
Victoria R. Kennedy Wife of Senator Kennedy, Attorney, Democratic activist
John Kerry Secretary of State; Senator, Massachusetts; 2004 Democratic Presidential Nominee
David Kessler Staffer for Orrin Hatch; Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration
James King (not yet released) Senior advisor and special assistant to Senator Kennedy
Paul G. Kirk, Jr. (11/2005) Special Assistant to Edward Kennedy; DNC Chairman; Senator, Massachusetts
Paul G. Kirk, Jr. (06/2007) Special Assistant to Edward Kennedy; DNC Chairman; Senator, Massachusetts
C. Everett Koop (not yet released) United States Surgeon General under President Reagan
Barnett Alexander “Sandy” Kress Education Advisor to George W. Bush
Mathilde Krim (not yet released) Founding chairman of American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR)
Kathy Kruse (not yet released) Cultural Policy Advisor, Senior Counselor to Senator Kennedy
Barbara Lahage Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Patrick Leahy Senator, Vermont
Anthony Lewis Columnist, New York Times
John Lewis Congressman, Georgia
Judith Lichtman Former Director for National Partnershp for Women and Families
Nick Littlefield (5/3/2008) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Nick Littlefield (5/4/2008) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Nick Littlefield (6/30/2008) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Nick Littlefield (7/1/2008) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Nick Littlefield (2/14/2009) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Nick Littlefield (2/15/2009) Staff Director and Chief Counsel for Senator Kennedy on the U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
George Cabot Lodge Assistant Secretary of Labor for International Affairs in Eisenhower & Kennedy administrations
Chester Trent Lott Senator, Mississippi
Richard Lugar Senator, Indiana
Nance Lyons Legislative Assistant to Edward Kennedy; Civil Rights Attorney
Neil Macneil Journalist and television correspondent
Ira Magaziner (not yet released) White House adviser on health care reform for President Clinton
James Manley Press Secretary for Edward Kennedy
Thurgood Marshall, JR. Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Edward Martin Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Charles Mathias Former Senator, Maryland
John Mccain Senator, Arizona
Paul McDaniel Aide to Senator Al Gore Sr.; Adviser to Edward Kennedy
Cindy McGinty Founder & President, McGinty Scholarship Fund; Board Member, Mass Military Heroes Fund
Alice Mcgoff Professor of History, University of Massachusetts
George Mcgovern Senator from South Dakota; former Democratic Presidential nominee
Barbara Mikulski Senator, Maryland
George Miller Congressman, California
Melody Miller (07/2008) Staffer for Kennedy Family
Melody Miller (10/2008) Staffer for Kennedy Family
Melvin Miller Editor and Founder, Bay State Banner
George Mitchell Senate Majority Leader; Senator, Maine
Walter Mondale Vice President
James Mongan Staffer for Russell Long
Ellis Mottur (10/2006) Kennedy staffer; science/technology expert
Ellis Mottur (11/2006) Kennedy staffer; science/technology expert
Michael Myers (2006) Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Michael Myers (10/16/2009) (not yet released) Chief counsel and staff director to Senator Kennedy
Ralph Neas (not yet released) Former Executive Director of the nonpartisan Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), and the Leadership Conference Education Fund
David Nexon Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Martin Nolan Reporter, The Boston Globe
Barack Obama (not yet released) President of the United States, former United States Senator, Illinois
Niall O’Dowd Journalist; Liaison between Sinn Féin and the White House
Sean O’Huiginn Irish Ambassador to United States; Joint Secretary, British-Irish Secretariat; Irish Consul General (New York)
Esther Olavarria Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Thomas Oliphant (11/15/2006) (not yet released) Boston Globe reporter and columnist
Thomas Oliphant (3/14/2007) (not yet released) Boston Globe reporter and columnist
Carolyn Osolinik Judiciary Committee Staff Attorney for Senator Edward Kennedy
Joel Packer (not yet released) Former Director of Educational Policy and Practice, National Education Association
Peter Parham (not yet released) Special assistant on education to Senator Kennedy
Carey Parker (09/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (10/06/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (10/13/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (10/20/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (10/27/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (11/10/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (11/17/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Carey Parker (12/2008) Chief Legislative Assistant for Edward Kennedy
Thomas Payzant Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education; Superintendent of Boston Public Schools
Nancy Pelosi Speaker of the House
Danica Petroshius Chief of Staff to Edward Kennedy
Elizabeth Philipps Mother of Pan-Am Flight 103 Victim, Sarah Phillips
Caroline Raclin Daughter of Vicki Reggie Kennedy
Curran Raclin Son of Vicki Reggie Kennedy
Ken Regan Photographer
Doris and Edmund Reggie (8/2005) Father-in-law and mother-in-law; long-time family friends
Doris and Edmund Reggie (12/2008) Edward M. Kennedy’s father-in-law and mother-in-law; family friends; Kennedy supporters
Harry Reid (not yet released) Senate Majority Leader; Senator, Nevada
Albert Reynolds (not yet released) Former Taoiseach of Ireland
Donald Riegle (7/8/2008) (not yet released) Congressman and United States Senator, Michigan
Donald Riegle (9/1/2009) (not yet released) Congressman and United States Senator, Michigan
Richard Riley Secretary of Education under Clinton
Terri Haddad Robinson (7/22/2009) Staffer for Kennedy
Terri Haddad Robinson (8/25/2009) Former aide and press assistant to Senator Kennedy
Thomas M. Rollins (03/2009) Chief Counsel, Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Thomas M. Rollins (04/2009) Chief Counsel, Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Thomas M. Rollins (05/12/2009) Chief Counsel, Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Thomas M. Rollins (05/14/2009) Chief Counsel, Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Warren Rudman New Hampshire Senator
Mona Sarfaty (not yet released) Associate Director for Health Policy, HELP Committee, US Senate
Patti B. Saris Chief Justice, US District Court for Massachusetts; Staffer for Edward Kennedy, Senate Judiciary Committee
James Ralph Sasser Tennessee Senator
Arthur Schlesinger Jr. (not yet released) Democratic party activist and speechwriter and Special Assistant to the President for Latin America to President Kennedy
Mark Schneider (2/2/2009) Peace Corp Director; Kennedy Staffer
Mark Schneider (2/04/2009) Peace Corp Director; Kennedy Staffer
Elizabeth Shannon Wife of US Ambassador to Ireland William V. Shannon; family friend
Stuart Shapiro (04/2009) Senior Staff Member of the U.S. Senate Sub-Committee on Health and Scientific Research; Massachusetts Deputy Health Commissioner; President, Pennsylvania Health Care Association
Stuart Shapiro (05/2009) Senior Staff Member of the U.S. Senate Sub-Committee on Health and Scientific Research; Massachusetts Deputy Health Commissioner; President, Pennsylvania Health Care Association
Robert Shriver III and Maria Shriver Niece and Nephew (also Godson) of Edward Kennedy
Robert Shrum (7/6/2009) (not yet released) Speechwriter and political consultant in eight presidential elections and to Senator Kennedy
Robert Shrum (7/7/2009) (not yet released) Speechwriter and political consultant in eight presidential elections and to Senator Kennedy
John Siegenthaler (not yet released) Aide and friend to Attorney General Robert Kennedy, publisher of The Tennessean
Alan Simpson Wyoming Senator
Marshall (Mike) Smith (not yet released) Deputy Secretary of Education during Clinton Administration
Nancy Soderberg Foreign policy adviser to Senator Kennedy
Theodore C. Sorensen (2005) Family friend; advisor
Theodore C. Sorensen (2006) Family friend; advisor
Barbara Souliotis (2005) Director of Edward M. Kennedy’s Boston office
Barbara Souliotis (2009) Director of Edward M. Kennedy’s Boston office
Margaret Spellings Secretary of Education under President George W. Bush
A. Clayton Spencer (not yet released) Chief education counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Anne Strauss Staff Director, Senate National Science Foundation Subcommittee; Legislative Correspondent to Senator Kennedy
Thomas Susman Staffer for Edward Kennedy
David Sutphen Staffer for Edward Kennedy
William Taylor (01/2007) Civil Rights Attorney; General Counsel, US Commission on Civil Rights
William Taylor (02/2007) Civil Rights Attorney; General Counsel, US Commission on Civil Rights
Betty Taymor Family friend; Massachusetts politics
Charles Tretter Campaign aide
Laurence H. Tribe Attorney; Professor of Constitutional Law, Harvard Law School
John Tunney (2007) Senator, California
John Tunney (2009) Senator, California; friend
Archbishop Desmond Tutu Archbishop, Nobel Peace Prize winner
Trina Vargo Foreign Policy Adviser to Edward Kennedy; Founder of US-Ireland Alliance
Galina Veremkroit (formally Nizhnikov) Soviet Refusenik
John W. Warner (not yet released) United States Senator, Virginia
Henry Waxman (not yet released) U.S. Congressman, California
Sharon Waxman (2008) Senior national security advisor to Senator Kennedy
Sharon Waxman (2009) Senior national security advisor to Senator Kennedy
Ronald Weich Staffer for Edward Kennedy
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. Senator, Connecticut; Governor, Connecticut
Burt V. Wides (not yet released) Chief Counsel to Senator Kennedy on national security issues, Secretary of Defense during Kennedy Administration
Angela Williams (not yet released) Special Counsel on criminal law to Senator Kennedy
James Sterling Young Professor of Government, University of Virginia
Ronald Reagan—Miller Center

Miller Center

William J. Clinton Presidential History Project

The William J. Clinton Presidential Project was launched in 2001 as a collaborative effort between the Miller Center and the David and Barbara Pryor Center for Arkansas Oral and Visual History, with the cooperation and support of the Clinton Foundation. Drawing on the special strengths of each of these two centers, the Clinton Project has produced an oral history rivaling in depth any undertaken on an American president to date.

With the first two batches released in November 2014, we have interviews that include Madeleine Albright, Samuel Berger, Charles Brain, Warren Christopher, David Cutler, Mickey Kantor, Anthony Lake, Mack McLarty, Roy Neel, Leon Panetta, Alice Rivlin, Nancy Soderberg, Susan Thomases, and R. James Woolsey. read more →

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
Madeleine K. Albright U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations; Secretary of State
Roger Altman Deputy Secretary of Treasury
Joan N. Baggett Assistant to the President for Political Affairs
Charlene Barshefsky U.S. Trade Representative
Eileen Baumgartner Staff Director, U.S. House Committee on the Budget
Samuel R. Berger Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; National Security Advisor
Alan Blinder Vice Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; member of Council of Economic Advisers
Sidney Blumenthal Assistant to the President
Charles Brain Director of Legislative Affairs
Dale Bumpers Governor of Arkansas (1971-1975); U.S. Senator
Fernando Henrique Cardoso President of Brazil, 1995-2003
Warren Christopher and Strobe Talbott Christopher: Secretary of State; Talbott: Ambassador-at-Large to the former Soviet Republics (or New Independent States) and Deputy Secretary of State (1994-2001)
Henry Cisneros Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Betty Currie Personal Secretary to the President
David Cutler Member of Council of Economic Advisers and National Economic Council
Thomas Daschle U.S. Senator
James Dyer Majority Staff Director of U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations
Peter Edelman Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation; Counselor to HHS Secretary, Donna Shalala
Kris Engskov Trip Coordinator in White House travel office; Assistant Press Secretary; Personal Assistant
Alphonso Michael Espy Secretary of Agriculture
Al From (2007) Domestic Policy Advisor to the Clinton Transition, Founder & CEO of the Democratic Leadership Council
Al From (2006) Domestic Policy Advisor to the Clinton Transition, Founder & CEO of the Democratic Leadership Council
William Galston Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy
Ben Goddard Co-founder, Goddard-Claussen
Stanley Greenberg (2005) Pollster
Stanley Greenberg (2007) Pollster
Frank Greer Media Consultant
Dr. Patrick J Griffin Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs
Marcia Hale Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs
Vaclav Havel President of Czechoslovakia; President of the Czech Republic
Chris Jennings and Jeanne Lambrew Jennings: Deputy Assistant to the President for Health Policy; Lambrew: associate director at the Office of Management and Budget, senior health analyst at the National Economic Council
John Gibbons and Lionel Johns (2006) Assistant to the President for Science and Technology; Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
Kim Dae-jung President of South Korea
Michael (Mickey) Kantor U.S. Trade Representative; Secretary of Commerce
Peter Knight Deputy Director for the Presidential Transition; Chairman of Clinton-Gore 1996 Reelection Committee
David Kusnet Chief Speechwriter
Anthony Lake (2002) National Security Advisor
Anthony Lake (2004) National Security Advisor
Joseph Lockhart Press Secretary
Marjorie Margolies Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Thomas “Mack” McLarty, III White House Chief of Staff
Abner Mikva White House Counsel
George Mitchell U.S. Senator
Roy M. Neel Al Gore's 1992 Campaign Manager; Chief of Staff to the Vice President; Deputy White House Chief of Staff
Bernard Nussbaum (2002) White House Counsel
Bernard Nussbaum (2005) White House Counsel
Leon Panetta Director of the Office of Management and Budget; Chief of Staff
William Perry Deputy Secretary of Defense; Secretary of Defense
Bruce Reed (February 2004) Domestic Policy Advisor
Bruce Reed (April 2004) Domestic Policy Advisor
Richard W. Riley Secretary of Education
Alice Rivlin Director of Office of Management and Budget
Charles Robb Governor of Virginia (1982-1986); U.S. Senator
Dennis Ross Middle East envoy
Robert Rubin Director of National Economic Council; Secretary of Treasury
Eli Jay Segal Chief of Staff for Clinton's 1992 Campaign; CEO of the Corporation for National and Community Service (AmeriCorps)
Donna Shalala Secretary of Health and Human Services
John Shalikashvili Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff
(Henry) Hugh Shelton Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff
Alan Simpson U.S. Senator
Nancy Soderberg Foreign Policy Director for the Clinton/Gore 1992 Campaign; Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Alternate Representative to the United Nations
John Hilley and Lawrence Stein John Hilley: Director of Legislative Affairs; Lawrence Stein: Director for Legislative Affairs
James Steinberg Director of Policy Planning (State Department); Deputy National Security Advisor
Strobe Talbott (2010) Ambassador-at-Large to the former Soviet Republics (or New Independent States); Deputy Secretary of State
Susan Thomases Personal Advisor; Chief Campaign Scheduler; Advisor to First Lady Hillary Clinton
Harris Wofford U.S. Senator; CEO of the Corporation for National and Community Service (AmeriCorps)
R. James Woolsey Director of Central Intelligence
Ronald Reagan—Miller Center

Miller Center

George W. Bush Oral Histories

On November 12, 2009, the George W. Bush Foundation announced that President George W. Bush selected the Miller Center at the University of Virginia to conduct a comprehensive oral history of his presidency.

President Bush said, “I am delighted that the Miller Center will record for history detailed interviews with key members of my administration. This oral history project will offer future generations a comprehensive look at what it was like to lead the country during some extraordinary challenges.”

Scholars of the George W. Bush Oral History Project are conducting interviews with key figures of the Bush White House and Cabinet, as well as with outside political advisers, members of Congress, and foreign leaders. The Miller Center plans to complete approximately 100 interviews.

The George W. Bush Oral History is a continuation of the work the Miller Center began in 1981 with its acclaimed Presidential Oral History Program, which has conducted extensive interview projects on Presidents Carter, Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Clinton. Each of these projects has been undertaken with the endorsement of the president being studied.

“The 43rd presidency was, by any standard, among the most consequential of all in American history. We intend to hear directly from those who led the country during an exceptional time, to find out what the Bush presidency looked like from the inside—including both its successes and failures,” said Professor Russell Riley, co-chair of the Miller Center’s Presidential Oral History Program.

Cleared transcripts will be released to scholars and the public after completion of the project and will be archived at the Miller Center's Scripps Library and at the George W. Bush Presidential Library.

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
Interviews not yet released.
Ronald Reagan—Miller Center

Miller Center

George H. W. Bush Oral Histories

The George H. W. Bush Oral History Project was launched in 1999 in cooperation with the George H. W. Bush Presidential Library Foundation to record the recollections and reflections of key figures in the Bush 41 administration. Now complete, the George H. W. Bush oral history consists of 44 interviews and roughly 425 hours of recorded interviews with Cabinet members, senior presidential staff members, transition aides, and campaign advisors. Among those interviewed are James Baker III, Dick Cheney, Dan Quayle, Brent Scowcroft, John Sununu, and Richard Thornburgh, and many others. more →

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
James A. Baker, III (2000) Secretary of State; Chief of Staff
James A. Baker, III (2011) Secretary of State; Chief of Staff
William P. Barr Assistant Attorney General; Deputy Attorney General; Attorney General
David Q. Bates, Jr. Secretary to the Cabinet; Assistant to the President; Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff
Michael Boskin Chair of the Council of Economic Advisors
Phillip D. Brady Assistant to Staff Secretary; Staff Secretary
Henry Catto Ambassador to the United Kingdom; Director of United States Information Agency
Richard B. Cheney Secretary of Defense
David F. Demarest, Jr. Assistant to the President; White House Communications Director
Edward J. Derwinski Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Craig Fuller Chief of Staff to Vice President Bush
Robert M. Gates Deputy Director of Central Intelligence; Deputy National Security Advisor; Director of Central Intelligence
Richard Haass Special Assistant to the President; National Security Council Staff’s Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs
Carla Hills United States Trade Representative
David Jeremiah Commander of the Pacific Fleet; Vice Chairman and Acting Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Bobbie Greene Kilberg Deputy Assistant to the President for Public Liaison; Director of the White House Office of Intergovernmental Affairs
Timothy J. McBride Personal Aide to the President; Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Trade Development; Assistant to the President for Management
Frederick McClure Assistant for Legislative Affairs
Thomas Pickering Ambassador to the United Nations; Ambassador to India
James P. Pinkerton Deputy Assistant to the President for Policy Planning
Roman Popadiuk Deputy Assistant to the President; Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs; Ambassador to Ukraine
Colin Powell Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
J. Danforth Quayle Vice President
Sigmund Rogich Assistant to the President; Ambassador to Iceland
Dennis B. Ross State Department’s Director of Policy Planning
Brent Scowcroft National Security Advisor
John H. Sununu (06/2000) Chief of Staff
John H. Sununu (11/2000) Chief of Staff
Richard Thornburgh Attorney General
Chase Untermeyer Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel; Director of the Voice of America
Clayton Yeutter Secretary of Agriculture; Chairman of the Republican National Committee; National Policy Advisor
Ronald Reagan—Miller Center

Miller Center

Jimmy Carter Oral Histories

The first of the Miller Center's presidential oral history projects began in 1981 with the Center's ground-breaking work on the Jimmy Carter White House. The importance of this resource was accentuated by the fact that Carter was the first president elected in the post-Watergate era—meaning that there would be no Oval Office recordings for historians to mine in examining this administration. From 1981 to 1985, more than fifty members of the Carter administration—including President Carter himself—recorded oral history interviews, creating an important archive of primary source materials for students of Carter and his time. more →

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
Griffin Bell Attorney General
Robert Bergland Secretary of Agriculture
Zbigniew Brzezinski Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Patrick Caddell Political Pollster
Bertram Carp Deputy Assistant for Domestic Affairs and Policy
Jimmy Carter President of the United States
Lloyd Cutler White House Counsel
Stuart Eizenstat Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs and Policy
Hamilton Jordan Advisor; White House Chief of Staff
Alfred E. Kahn Chairman of the Council on Wage and Price Stability; Advisor to the President on Inflation
Charles Kirbo Advisor; Close Friend to President Carter
Philip Klutznick Secretary of Commerce
Bert Lance Campaign Advisor; Office of Management and Budget Director
Ray Marshall Secretary of Labor
Alonzo McDonald Special Trade Representative; Director of the White House Staff
James McIntyre Office of Management and Budget Director
Richard Moe and Michael Berman Chief of Staff to the Vice President; Counsel; Deputy Chief of Staff to the Vice President
Frank Moore Assistant to the President for Congressional Liaison
Jody Powell White House Press Secretary
Gerald M. Rafshoon White House Communications Director
James Schlesinger Secretary of Energy
Charles Schultze Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers
Jack H. Watson, Jr. Transition Director
Anne Wexler Assistant to the President for Public Liaison
Ronald Reagan—Miller Center

Miller Center

Ronald Reagan Oral Histories

The Ronald Reagan Oral History includes interviews with those most closely involved in Reagan’s political career, including Cabinet members, White House staff, and campaign advisors. Among those interviewed are Richard Allen, Frank Carlucci, James Miller, George Shultz, William Webster, and Caspar Weinberger. more →

Interviews (A-Z by last name)

Respondent Position
Kenneth Adelman Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
Richard Allen Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Annelise Anderson Associate Director, Office of Management and Budget
Martin Anderson Assistant to the President for Policy Development
Howard H. Baker, Jr. Senate Majority Leader; White House Chief of Staff
James A. Baker, III White House Chief of Staff; Secretary of the Treasury
Aram Bakshian, Jr. Director of Speechwriting
Otis Bowen, M.D. Secretary of Health and Human Services
Frank Carlucci Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Secretary of Defense
William P. Clark Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Secretary of the Interior
A.B. Culvahouse White House Counsel
Michael Deaver Deputy Chief of Staff
Joanne Drake Chief of Staff, Office of Ronald Reagan
Fred Fielding White House Counsel
Max Friedersdorf Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs
Peter Hannaford Campaign Advisor
Edwin Harper Assistant to the President for Policy Development; Deputy OMB Director
John Hutton, M.D. White House Physician
E. Pendleton James Director, Office of Presidential Personnel
Kenneth Khachigian Chief Speechwriter
James Kuhn Personal Aide to the President
Paul Laxalt U.S. Senator
Edwin Meese, III Counsellor to the President; Attorney General
James Miller Director, Office of Management and Budget
Lyn Nofziger Assistant to the President for Political Affairs
Kathleen Osborne Personal Assistant
Edward Rowny Special Representative for Arms Control and Disarmament Negotiations
Frederick J. Ryan, Jr. Director of Presidential Appointments and Scheduling; Chief of Staff, Office of Ronald Reagan
George P. Shultz Secretary of State
Abraham D. Sofaer State Department Legal Advisor
Stuart Spencer Campaign Advisor
Robert Tuttle and Maureen Molloy Director, Office of Presidential Personnel
Peter Wallison White House Counsel
William H. Webster FBI Director; Director of Central Intelligence
Caspar Weinberger Secretary of Defense
Charles Z. Wick Director, United States Information Agency