American President A Reference Resource ↑ Jimmy Carter Front PageF. Ray Marshall (1977–1981): Secretary of LaborFreddie Ray Marshall was born in 1928 in Oak Grove, Louisiana, where he lived in an orphanage until he ran away at 15 and lied about his age in order to join the Navy. Following his stint with the military in the Second World War, Marshall went to school, attending Millsaps College and Lousiana State University before earning a Ph.D. in economics at the University of California at Berkeley. Marshall was a Fulbright Scholar and a professor at Louisiana State, the University of Texas at Austin, and the University of Kentucky. Marshall served as secretary of labor under President Carter from 1977 to 1981. After his time in the cabinet, he returned to the University of Texas.