Miller Center

American President

A Reference Resource

Frank B. Kellogg (1925–1929): Secretary of State

Frank B. Kellogg was born December 22, 1856, in Minnesota. He attended public schools and college in Minnesota, eventually graduating from law school. He served as Rochester, Minnesota city attorney from 1878-1881 and as Olmstead County Attorney.

Active in Republican Party politics, Kellogg was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1904, 1908, and 1912, and served as a member of the Republican National Committee from 1904 to 1912. He acted as special counsel to the U.S. government prosecuting antitrust suits. Minnesota voters elected Kellogg U.S. Senator, and he served from 1917 to 1923.

Coolidge appointed him ambassador to Great Britain (1923-1925), and he succeeded Charles Evans Hughes as secretary of state on March 5, 1925, serving until 1929. Coauthor of the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact of 1928, Kellogg was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929. Kellogg also served as President of the American Bar Association (1912-1913). He died on December 21, 1937.