Miller Center

Presidential Image Gallery

Roosevelt in Uniform

Source: The Library of Congress

When the Spanish-American War began in 1898, Theodore Roosevelt resigned as assistant secretary of the Navy and volunteered for service as commander the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, a unit known as the Rough Riders Once in Cuba, Roosevelt distinguished himself by leading them on a charge—on foot—up San Juan Hill (actually Kettle Hill) on the outskirts of Santiago.

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