Miller Center

Andrew Jackson Bibliography (1867 - 1945)

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Historical Context

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Age of Jackson. Boston: Little, Brown, 1945.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. The Jacksonian Era, 1828-1848. New York: Harper & Row, 1959.

Schlesinger and Van Deusen are two classic surveys of the era.

White, Leonard D. The Jacksonians: A Study in Administrative History 1829-1861. New York: Macmillan, 1954.

The third book in White's trilogy on the early republic.

Wiebe, Richard H. The Opening of American Society: From the Adoption of the Constitution to the Eve of Disunion. New York: Knopf, 1984.

A broad cultural history of early America.

Matthews, Jean V. Toward a New Society: American Thought and Culture, 1800-1830. Boston: Twayne, 1991.

Jackson Papers and Memoirs

Jackson, Andrew. Papers of Andrew Jackson. Edited by Sam B. Smith, et al. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980-.

The authoritative collection of Jackson papers. Publication is ongoing.

Jackson, Andrew. Correspondence of Andrew Jackson. 7 vols. Edited by John Spencer Bassett and John Franklin Jameson. 1926-1935. Reprint, New York: Kraus, 1969.

The best available published source for Jackson’s papers until the Tennessee edition is completed.

For a fuller discussion of Jackson’s papers see the Public and Private Papers section of our website.

Jackson Biographies

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

The definitive Jackson biography. A condensed one volume edition is also available.

Brands, H.W. Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times. New York: Doubleday, 2005.

A very readable one-volume examination of Jackson's life.

Bassett, John Spencer. The Life of Andrew Jackson. 1911. Reprint, Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1967.

Considered the standard biography of Jackson for many years.

Parton, James. Life of Andrew Jackson. 3 vols. 1859-1860. Reprint, New York: Johnson Reprint Co., 1967.

Valuable for its interviews of Jackson’s contemporaries.

Cole, Donald B. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1993.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Latner, Richard B. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson: White House Politics 1829-1837. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979.

Jackson Administration and Advisors (1829-1837)

For cabinet members not listed below, please see: Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, Cali.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

William T. Barry (Postmaster General)

Barry, William T. "Letters of William T. Barry." William and Mary College Quarterly 13 (1904-5): 236-44; 14 (1905-6): 19-23, 230-41.

James Buchanan (Minister to Russia)

Klein, Philip S. President James Buchanan: A Biography. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962.

The standard biography of James Buchanan.

Binder, Frederick. James Buchanan and the American Empire. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1994.

Binder examines Buchanan's foreign policy views throughout his political career.

Buchanan, James. James Buchanan's Mission to Russia, 1831-1833: His Speeches, State Papers, and Private Correspondence. New York: Arno Press, 1970.

Buchanan, James. The Works of James Buchanan. 12 vols. Edited by John Bassett Moore. 1908-1911. Reprint, New York: Antiquarian Press, 1960.

Benjamin F. Butler (Secretary of War; Attorney General)

Nash, Howard. Stormy Petrel: The Life and Times of General Benjamin F. Butler. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1969.

John C. Calhoun (Vice President)

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Nationalist, 1782-1828. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944.

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Nullifier, 1829-1839. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1949.

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Sectionalist, 1840-1850. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1951.

Traditionally, the standard "life" of Calhoun.

Niven, John John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

A more recent challenge to Wiltse’s work.

Calhoun, John C. Papers of John C. Calhoun. 27 vols. Edited by Robert L. Meriwether, et al. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959-2003.

The authoritative collection of Calhoun papers.

Lewis Cass (Secretary of War; Minister to France)

Klunder, Willard. Lewis Cass and the Politics of Moderation. Kent, Ohio, Kent State University Press, 1996.

John H. Eaton (Secretary of War)

Latner, Richard B. "The Eaton Affair Reconsidered." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 36 (1977): 330-51.

John Forsyth (Secretary of State)

Duckett, Alvin. John Forsyth: Political Tactician. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1962.

Amos Kendall (Postmaster General)

Kendall, Amos. Autobiography of Amos Kendall. Edited by William Stickney. 1872. Reprint, New York: Peter Smith, 1949.

Fowler, Dorothy Ganfield. The Cabinet Politician: The Postmasters General, 1829-1909. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

Edward Livingston (Secretary of State; Minister to France)

Hatcher, William. Edward Livingston: Jeffersonian Republican and Jacksonian Democrat. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1940.

Louis McLane (Secretary of State; Secretary of the Treasury)

Munroe, John A. Louis McLane: Federalist and Jacksonian. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1973.

William Rives (Minister to France)

Dingledine, Raymond. "The Political Career of William Cabell Rives." PhD diss., University of Virginia, 1947.

Andrew Stevenson (Minister to Great Britain)

Wayland, Francis Andrew Stevenson, Democrat and Diplomat, 1785-1857. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949.

Roger B. Taney (Attorney General; Secretary of the Treasury; Chief Justice)

Lewis, Walker. Without Fear or Favor: A Biography of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

Swisher, Carl B. Roger B. Taney. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

Taylor, Samuel. Memoir of Roger Brooke Taney, LL. D., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Baltimore: J. Murphy, 1876.

Martin Van Buren (Secretary of State; Vice President)

Niven, John. Martin Van Buren and the Romantic Age of American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Cole, Donald B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Van Buren, Martin. "The Autobiography of Martin Van Buren," edited by John C. Fitzpatrick, in Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1918. Vol. 2. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920.

Levi Woodbury (Secretary of the Treasury; Secretary of the Navy)

Cole, Donald B. Jacksonian Democracy in New Hampshire, 1800-1851. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Woodbury, Levi. "Levi Woodbury’s ’Intimate Memoranda’ of the Jackson Administration." Edited by Ari Hoogenboom and Herbert Ershkowitz. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 92 (1968): 507-15.

Henry Wheaton (Minister to Prussia)

Baker, Elizabeth. Henry Wheaton, 1785-1848. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1937.

Major Issues in the Jackson Administration

Foreign Affairs

Belohvek, John M. Let the Eagle Soar!: The Foreign Policy of Andrew Jackson. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

Perkins, Dexter. The Monroe Doctrine: 1826-1867. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1933.

The second volume in Perkins's multi-volume examination at the Monroe Doctrine.

Goetzmann, William H. When the Eagle Screamed: The Romantic Horizon in American Diplomacy, 1800-1860. New York: Wiley, 1966.

A thin volume that offers a good synthesis of early American diplomacy.

Varg, Paul. United States Foreign Relations, 1820-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1979.

Great Britain

Carroll, Francis M. A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783–1842. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 2001.

Jones, Howard. To the Webster-Ashburton Treaty: A Study in Anglo-American Relations, 1783-1843. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.

Webster, C. K. The Foreign Policy of Palmerston, 1830-1841: Britain, the Liberal Movement, and the Eastern Question. 2 vols. London: G. Bell, 1951.

Burrage, Henry. Maine in the Northeastern Boundary Controversy. Portland: State of Maine, 1919.

France

Blumenthal, Henry. France and the United States: Their Diplomatic Relations, 1789-1914. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Blumenthal, Henry. A Reappraisal of Franco-American Relations, 1830-1871. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1959.

McLemore, Richard. Franco-American Diplomatic Relations, 1816-1836. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1941.

Annexation of Texas

Pletcher, David M. The Diplomacy of Annexation: Texas, Oregon and the Mexican War. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1973.

Pletcher devotes the first section of this lengthy work to the years 1815-1842.

Binkley, William C. The Expansionist Movement in Texas, 1836-1850. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1925.

Smith and Binkley are both classic studies of the expansionist movement.

Jones, Anson. Memoranda and Official Correspondence Relating to the Republic of Texas, its History and Annexation. 1859. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1973.

Jones was the last president of the Republic of Texas. Letters cover 1836-1857.

Garrison, George P., ed. Diplomatic Correspondence of the Republic of Texas. The Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Years 1907, 1908. 3 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1908-1911.

Diplomatic correspondence from 1836-1845.

Administrative Reorganization and Removal

Aronson, Sidney. Status and Kinship in the Higher Civil Service: Standards of Selection in the Administrations of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Fish, Carl R. "Removal of Officials by the Presidents of the United States." Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1899. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900.

Eriksson, Erik M. "The Federal Civil Service Under President Jackson." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 13 (1927): 517-40.

Economy

Taylor, George Rogers. The Transportation Revolution, 1815-1860. New York: Harper & Row, 1951.

Gates, Paul Wallace. The Farmer’s Age: Agriculture, 1815-1860. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960.

Taylor and Gates are both part of the Economic History of the United States series. Combined, the two works provide an excellent overview of antebellum U.S. industry.

McFaul, John M. The Politics of Jacksonian Finance. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Temin, Peter. The Jacksonian Economy. New York: Norton, 1969.

The Bank War

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Bank War: A Study in the Growth of Presidential Power. New York: Norton, 1967.

Catterall, Ralph C. H. The Second Bank of the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1903.

Duane, William J. Narrative and Correspondence Concerning the Removal of the Deposits. 1838. Reprint, New York: Burt Franklin, 1965.

Biddle, Nicholas. The Correspondence of Nicholas Biddle Dealing with National Affairs, 1807-1844. Edited by Reginald C. McGrane. 1919. Reprint, Boston: J.S. Canner, 1966.

Govan, Thomas Payne. Nicholas Biddle: Nationalist and Public Banker, 1786-1844. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959.

A detailed biography based on Biddle’s manuscripts.

Taylor, George Rogers. Jackson vs. Biddle’s Bank: The Struggle over the Second Bank of the United States. 2d ed. Lexington, Mass.: Heath, 1972.

Focuses more on Biddle’s life in politics and the bank issue in particular.

Eaton Affair

See John Eaton under Jackson Administration and Advisors.

Nullification

Freehling, William W. Prelude to Civil War: The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, 1816-1836. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.

Ellis, Richard E. The Union at Risk: Jacksonian Democracy, States’ Rights and the Nullification Crisis. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Slavery

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

An excellent overview of the institution of American Slavery.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Cooper, William J. The South and the Politics of Slavery, 1828-1856. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.

Remini, Robert V. The Legacy of Andrew Jackson: Essays on Democracy, Indian Removal and Slavery. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Miller, William Lee. Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress. Knopf: New York, 1993.

Nye, Russel B. Fettered Freedom: Civil Liberties and the Slavery Controversy, 1830-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1949.

Indian Policy (General)

Wallace, Anthony F. C. The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

Satz, Ronald N. American Indian Policy in the Jacksonian Era. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1975.

Rogin, Michael Paul and Mary Elizabeth Young. Fathers and Children: Andrew Jackson and the Subjugation of the American Indian. New York: Knopf, 1975.

Prucha, Francis Paul. The Great Father: The United States and the American Indians. 2 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1975.

United States Congress. Speeches on the Passage of the Bill for Removal of the Indians, 21st Congress, 1st Session. 1830. Reprint, Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus, 1973.

Indian Policy (Cherokee)

Ehle, John. Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation. New York: Doubleday, 1988.

An overview of the history of the Cherokee Nation.

Anderson, William, ed. Cherokee Removal: Before and After. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

A collection of essays.

McLoughlin, William. Cherokee Renascence in the New Republic. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Indian Policy (Black Hawk War)

Eby, Cecil. "That Disgraceful Affair," the Black Hawk War. New York: Norton, 1973.

Whitney, Ellen. ed. The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832. 2 vols. in 4. Springlfield: Illinois State Historical Library, 1970.

Nichols, Roger. Black Hawk and the Warrior's Path. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, 1992.

Nichols, Roger. Black Hawk's Autobiography. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1999..

Internal Improvements

Feller, Daniel. The Public Lands in Jacksonian Politics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.

Rohrbough, Malcolm J. The Land Office Business: The Settlement and Administration of American Public Lands, 1789-1837. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Judicial Issues and Appointments

See Roger B. Taney under Jackson Administration and Advisors.

Weisenburger, Francis. The Life of John McLean: A Politician on the United States Supreme Court. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 1937.

Hall, Timothy L. Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Facts on File, 2001.

Abraham, Henry J. Justices, Presidents, and Senators: A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. Rev. ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Hall and Abraham cover Jackson's appointments of Roger Taney, John McLean, Henry Baldwin, James Wayne, Philip Barbour, and John Catron to the Supreme Court.

Political Parties

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U. S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on Political Parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.

Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

An ambitious history of the Whig party that is the standard work on the subject.

Ashworth, John. Agrarians and Aristocrats: Party Political Ideology in the United States 1837-1846. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Watson, Harry L. Liberty and Power: The Politics of Jacksonian America. New York: Hill and Wang, 1990.

Kohl, Lawrence Frederick. The Politics of Individualism: Parties and the American Character in the Jacksonian Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

McCormick, Richard P. The Second American Party System: Party Formation in the Jacksonian Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1966.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Idea of a Party System: The Rise of Legitimate Opposition in the United States, 1780-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Elections

Chase, James S. Emergence of the Presidential Nominating Convention 1789-1832. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1973.

Remini, Robert V. The Election of Andrew Jackson. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippencott, 1963.

Gammon, Samuel Rhea. The Presidential Campaign of 1832. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1922.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.

Jackson Contemporaries

John Quincy Adams (Former President; Congressman)

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Knopf, 1949.

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Union. New York: Knopf, 1956.

Bemis’s two-volume work remains the standard John Quincy Adams biography.

Hargreaves, Mary W. M. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1985.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Adams, John Quincy. Diary of John Quincy Adams. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981-.

The authoritative diary; however, only the first 2 of many volumes have been published.

Adams, John Quincy. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams. Edited by Charles Francis Adams. 12 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippencott, 1857-77.

The best source for the diary until the Harvard edition is complete.

See Adams's online bibliography for more information on Adams and his Presidency.

Francis P. Blair (Jacksonian; Journalist)

Smith, Elbert B. Francis Preston Blair. New York: Free Press, 1980.

Close adviser to Jackson; part of the "kitchen cabinet."

Smith, William Ernest. The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1933.

Henry Clay (Whig; Statesman)

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: Norton, 1991.

The new standard Clay biography.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. The Life of Henry Clay. Boston: Little, Brown, 1937.

The classic Clay biography.

Clay, Henry. Papers of Henry Clay. 11 vols. Edited by James F. Hopkins, et al. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1959-1992.

The authoritative collection of Clay papers.

George M. Dallas (Senator)

Belohlovek, John M. George Mifflin Dallas: Jacksonian Patrician. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977.

James Madison (Former President)

Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

The standard-single volume biography of Madison.

Brant, Irving. James Madison. 6 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1941-1961.

The classic multi-volume "life" of Madison.

Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1990.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Madison, James. Papers of James Madison. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1961-.

The authoritative collection of Madison papers. Publication is ongoing.

See Madison's online bibliography for more information on Madison and his Presidency.

Willie P. Mangum (Jacksonian; Senator)

Mangum, Willie. P. The Papers of Willie Person Mangum. 5 vols. Edited by Henry T. Shanks. Raleigh, N.C.: State Department of Archives and History, 1950-56.

James Monroe (Former President)

Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw Hill, 1971.

The standard Monroe biography.

Cunningham, Nobel E., Jr. The Presidency of James Monroe. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Monroe, James. The Writings of James Monroe. 7 vols. Edited by Stanislaus M. Hamilton. 1898-1903. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1969.

Until the completion of the Monroe papers project at Mary Washington College, the Hamilton edition will remain the standard published source for Monroe’s papers.

See Monroe's online bibliography for more information on Monroe and his Presidency.

John Tyler (Senator; Whig)

Chitwood, Oliver Perry. John Tyler: Champion of the Old South. New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1939.

Tyler, Lyon G. The Letters and Times of the Tylers. 3 vols. Richmond, Va.: Whittet & Shepperson, 1884-1886.

The best published source for Tyler papers.

See Tyler's online bibliography for more information on Tyler and his Presidency.

Daniel Webster (Statesman)

Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York: Norton, 1997.

The new standard biography of Webster.

Brown, Norman D. Daniel Webster and the Politics of Availability. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969.

Nathans, Sydney. Daniel Webster and Jacksonian Democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

Bartlett, Irving H. Daniel Webster. New York: Norton, 1978.

Webster, Daniel. Papers of Daniel Webster. 14 vols. Edited by Charles M. Wiltse, et al. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England. 1974-1989.

The authoritative collection of Webster papers.

Thurlow Weed (Anti-Mason; future Whig)

Weed, Thurlow. Autobiography of Thurlow Weed. Edited by Harriet A. Weed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1883.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Thurlow Weed: Wizard of the Lobby. Boston: Little, Brown, 1947.

William Wirt (1932 Anti-Mason Presidential Candidate)

Kennedy, John P. Memoirs of the Life of William Wirt. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1850.

Recent Publications

Burstein, Andrew. The Passions of Andrew Jackson. New York: Knopf, 2003.

Buchanan, John. Jackson’s Way: Andrew Jackson and the People of the Western Waters. New York: J. Wiley, 2001.

Watson, Harry L. Andrew Jackson vs. Henry Clay: Democracy and Development in Antebellum America. Boston: St. Martins, 1998.

Heidler, David and Jeanne Heidler. Old Hickory’s War: Andrew Jackson and the Quest for Empire . Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Press, 1996.

Bibliographies

Remini, Robert V. and Edwin A. Miles. The Era of Good Feelings and the Age of Jackson, 1816-1841. Arlington Heights, Ill.: AHM Publishing Corp., 1979.

Remini, Robert V. and Robert O. Rupp, eds. Andrew Jackson: A Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Meekler, 1991.

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