Miller Center

Thomas Jefferson Bibliography (1743 - 1826)

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Historical Context

Wood, Gordon. Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1969.

A "classic" account of political thought from the Revolution and the Confederation periods.

Elkins, Stanley and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

An epic account of the first years of the United States.

Miller, John C. The Federalist Era, 1789-1801. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1960.

More dated and briefer then Elkins and McKitrick above.

Sharp, James Roger. American Politics in the Early Republic: The New Nation in Crisis. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1993.

White, Leonard D. The Federalists: A Study in Administrative History. New York: Macmillan Company, 1948.

White, Leonard D. The Jeffersonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1801-1829. New York: Macmillan Company, 1951.

The first two books in White's trilogy on administrative history of the early Republic.

Adams, Henry. History of the United States during the Administrations of Jefferson and Madison. 9 vols. New York, Scribner's, 1889-1891.

Jefferson Papers and Memoirs

Boyd, Julian, et. al., eds. Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950-.

The authoritative collection of Jefferson Papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 30 volumes have been published.

Lipscomb, Andrew A. and Bergh, Albert E., eds. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson. 20 vols. Washington, D.C.: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1903-1904.

Ford, Paul Leicester, ed. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson. 10 vols. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1892-1899.

Lipscomb and Ford are the best published sources for Jefferson papers yet to be published by the Princeton project.

Cappon, Lester J., ed. The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence Between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1959.

Smith, James Morton, ed. The Republic of Letters: The Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, 1776-1826. 3 vols. New York: Norton, 1995.

For a fuller discussion of Jefferson primary sources, see Jefferson's Public and Private Papers.

Jefferson Biographies

Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time. 6 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1948-1981.

The monumental biography of Jefferson.

Peterson, Merrill. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Considered by many to be the best one-volume treatment of Jefferson. Like Malone above, a favorable portrait of Jefferson.

Cunningham, Noble E. The Pursuit of Reason: The Life of Thomas Jefferson. Baton Rouge, 1987.

Much shorter than Peterson, but still an excellent one-volume biography.

Ellis, Joseph. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Knopf, 1996.

A more recent look at Jefferson that addresses some of the controversies that have surrounded Jefferson's legacy in recent years.

McDonald, Forrest. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1976.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Johnstone, Robert Jr. Jefferson and the Presidency: Leadership in the Young Republic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Appleby, Joyce. Thomas Jefferson. New York: Times Books, 2003.

 

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Jefferson Administration and Advisors (1801-1809)

For cabinet members not listed below, please see: Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

John Armstrong (Minister to France)

Skeen, C. Edward. John Armstrong, Jr., 1758-1843: A Biography. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

John Breckinridge (Attorney General)

Harrison, Lowell H. John Breckinridge: Jeffersonian Republican. Louisville, Ky.: Filson Club 1969.

Aaron Burr (Vice President)

Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr. 2 vols. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979-1982.

Volume one covers Burr's life through 1805.

Kline, Mary-Jo, et. al., eds. Political Correspondence and Public Papers of Aaron Burr. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

George Clinton (Vice President)

Kaminski, John P. George Clinton: Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. Madison: Madison House, 1993.

The best available biography of Clinton.

Public Papers of George Clinton, First Governor of New York, 1777-1795, 1801-1804. 1899-1914. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1973.

Only covers Clinton's years as Governor of New York.

Henry Dearborn (Secretary of War)

Erney, Richard Alton. The Public Life of Henry Dearborn. New York: Arno Press, 1979.

Brown, Lloyd A. and Howard H. Peckham, eds. Revolutionary War Journals of Henry Dearborn, 1775-1783. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.

Albert Gallatin (Secretary of the Treasury)

Adams, Henry. Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Still considered by many to be the best biography of Gallatin.

Walters, Ray. Albert Gallatin: Jeffersonian Financier and Diplomat. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

Balinky, Alexander. Albert Gallatin: Fiscal Theories and Policies. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1958.

Adams, Henry, ed. The Writings of Albert Gallatin. 3 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Remains the best published source for Gallatin's papers. A modern microfilm edition also exists.

Gideon Granger (Postmaster General)

Hamlin, Arthur. Gideon Granger. Canandaigua, NY: Granger Homestead Society, 1982.

Granger, Gideon. A Vindication of the Measures of the Present Administration. Hartford: Luther Pratt., 1803.

Published anonymously, Granger defends Jefferson's support of the Embargo of 1807.

Rufus King (Minister to Great Britain)

Ernst, Robert. Rufus King: American Federalist. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.

King, Charles R., ed. The Life and Correspondence of Rufus King: Comprising His Letters, Private and Official, His Public Documents, and His Speeches. 6 vols. New York: G. P. Putman's Sons, 1894-1900.

Robert R. Livingston (Minister to France)

Dangerfield, George. Chancellor Robert R. Livingston of New York, 1746-1813.

Parsons, Edward Alexander, ed. "The Letters of Robert R. Livingston: The Diplomatic Story of the Louisiana Purchase." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society new ser. 52 (October 1942): 363-407.

James Madison (Secretary of State)

Brant, Irving. James Madison. 6 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1941-1961.

The monumental multi-volume biography of Madison.

Ketcham, Ralph L. James Madison: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

Considered by many to be the best one-volume biography of Madison.

Hutchinson, William T., et. al., eds. The Papers of James Madison. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1962-.

The authoritative collection of Madison papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 27 volumes have been published.

See Madison's online bibliography for more information on Madison and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Madison primary sources, see Madison's Public and Private Papers.

James Monroe (Minister Extraordinary)

Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.

The definitive Monroe biography.

Hamilton, Stanislaus Murray, ed. The Writings of James Monroe. 7 vols. New York: G. P. Putman's Sons, 1898-1903.

Currently the best published source for Monroe papers.

Brown, Stuart G., and Donald G. Baker, eds. The Autobiography of James Monroe. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1959.

See Monroe's online bibliography for more information on Monroe and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Monroe primary sources, see Monroe's Public and Private Papers.

Robert Smith (Secretary of the Navy)

Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith, 1801-1811. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1991.

Major Issues in the Jefferson Administration

Foreign Relations (General)

Perkins, Bradford. The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776-1865. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Volume 1 of The Cambridge History of Foreign Relations. A general survey of early U.S. foreign relations.

Tucker, Robert W. and David C. Henderson. Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson.

France / Louisiana Purchase

Egan, Clifford L. Neither Peace nor War: Franco-American Relations, 1803-1812. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983.

DeConde, Alexander. This Affair of Louisiana. New York: Scribner's, 1976.

Labbe, Dolores Egger, ed. The Louisiana Purchase and Its Aftermath, 1800-1830. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1998.

McLynn, Frank. Napoleon: A Biography. London: Jonathan Cape, 1997.

Asprey, Robert. The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Asprey, Robert. The Reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

Great Britain

Perkins, Bradford. The First Rapprochement: England and the United States, 1795-1805. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1955.

Perkins, Branford. Prologue to War: England and the United States, 1805-1812. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

The first two books in a trilogy on Anglo-American relations in the early Republic.

Tucker, Spencer C., and Frank T. Reuter. Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Tucker examines the naval incident that contributed to increased tensions with Great Britain.

Stuart, Reginald C. United States Expansionism and British North America, 1775-1871. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Stuart spends significant time on the period between 1783-1815.

Burt, Alfred L. The United States, Great Britain, and British North American from the Revolution to the Establishment of Peace after the War of 1812. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1940.

"Classic" text on Anglo-American relations as they relate to British North America.

Manning, William R., ed. Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States: Canadian Relations, 1784-1860. 4 vols. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1940-1945.

Spanish Florida

Weber, David J. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

A sweeping overview of Spain's American empire.

Waciuma, Wanjohi. Intervention in Spanish Floridas, 1801-1813: A Study in Jeffersonian Foreign Policy. Boston: Branden Press, 1976.

Russia

Saul, Norman E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763-1867. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

An overview of Russian-American relations in the early Republic.

Barbary Powers

Kitzen, Michael L. S. Tripoli and the United States at War: A History of American Relations with the Barbary States, 1785-1805. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Co., 1993.

Irwin, Ray W. The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Powers, 1776-1816. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1931.

A "classic" account of U. S. relations with the Barbary states; reprinted by Russell and Russell in 1970.

Edwards, Samuel. Barbary General: The Life of William H. Eaton. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1968.

Knott, Stephen. Secret and Sanctioned: Covert Operations and the American Presidency. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Examines an underappreciated element of Jefferson's foreign and defense policies.

U.S. Office of Naval Records and Library, ed. Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers. 6 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1939-1944.

Caribbean

Langley, Lester D. Struggle for the American Mediterranean: United States-European Rivalry in the Gulf-Caribbean, 1776-1904. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976.

Logan, Rayford W. The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with Haiti, 1776-1891. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1941.

Still remains the standard book-length work on the Haitian Revolution.

James, C.L.R. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. Revised ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.

Military

Crackel, Theodore J. Mr Jefferson's Army: Political and Social Reform of the Military Establishment, 1801-1809. New York: New York University Press, 1987.

Jacobs, James Ripley. The Beginning of the U.S. Army, 1783-1812. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1947.

Sprout, Harold H. and Margaret Sprout. The Rise of American Naval Power. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1967.

Economics (General)

Nettels, Curtis. The Emergence of a National Economy, 1775-1815. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962.

A "classic" survey.

See Albert Gallatin under Jefferson Adminsitration and Advisors.

Embargo

Spivak, Burton I. Jefferson's English Crisis: Commerce, Embargo, and the Republican Revolution. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1979.

Sears, Louis Martin. Jefferson and the Embargo. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1927.

Jenings, Walter W. The American Embargo, 1807-1809, with Particular Reference to Its Effect on Industry. Iowa City: University of Iowa Studies in the Social Sciences, 1921.

Slavery

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

An excellent overview of the institution of American Slavery.

Robinson, Donald L. Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765-1820. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.

McColley, Robert. Slavery and Jeffersonian Virginia. Urbana: University of Illinois press, 1964.

Sally Hemings

Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997.

Lewis, Jan Ellen and Peter S. Onuf, eds. Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture. Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 1999.

A collection of essays.

Indian Affairs

Wallace, Anthony F. C. Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

McLoughlin, William G. Cherokee Renascence in the New Republic. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Prucha, Francis Paul. The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

General survey of United States Indian policy from one of the leading scholars on the subject.

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Policy in the Formative Years: The Indian Trade and Intercourse Acts, 1790-1834. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Examines the Trade and Intercourse Acts originally established by Washington and Henry Knox that ultimately were never enforced.

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Treaties: The History of a Political Anomaly. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745-1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Focuses on the attempt to develop pan-Indian unity, with an emphasis on the religious elements in the movement.

Frontier

Magrath, C. Peter. Yazoo: Law and Politics in the New Republic: The Case of Fletcher v. Peck. Providence, R.I.: Brown University Press, 1966.

Shaw, Livermore. Early American Land Companies: Their Influence on Corporate Development. New York: Commonwealth Fund, 1939.

Whitaker, Arthur P. The Mississippi Question, 1795-1803: A Study in Trade, Politics, and Diplomacy. New York: D. Appleton-Centruy, 1934.

Rohrbough, Malcolm J. The Trans-Appalachian Frontier: People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

An overview of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier.

Jackson, Donald, ed. The Journals of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, with Letters and Related Documents. 2 vols. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1966.

Lewis and Clark Expedition

Ronda, James P. Lewis and Clark among the Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Jackson, Donald, ed. Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Related Documents, 1783-1854. 2 vols, 2d ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Moulton, Gary E. The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. 13 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001.

Steffen, Jerome O. William Clark: Jeffersonian Man on the Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.

Burr Conspiracy

Abernethy, Thomas Perkins. The Burr Conspiracy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1954.

McCaleb, Walter F. The Aaron Burr Conspiracy; and, A New Light on Aaron Burr. New York: Argosy-Antiquarian, 1966.

Judicial Issues and Appointments (Including Marbury v. MAdison)

Graber, Mark A. and Michael Perhac, eds. Marbury versus Madison: Documents and Commentary. Washington: CQ Press, 2002.

Dewey, Donald. Marshall versus Jefferson: The Political Background of Marbury vs. Madison. New York, Knopf 1970.

Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: H. Holt and Co., 1996.

Beveridge, Albert J. The Life of John Marshall. 4 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916-1919.

A "classic", laudatory biography of Marshall.

Johnson, Herbert A., et. al., eds. The Papers of John Marshall. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1974-.

The authoritative collection of Marshall papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 10 volumes have been published.

Morgan, Donald. Justice William Johnson: The First Dissenter; The Career and Constitutional Philosophy of a Jeffersonian Judge. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1954.

Hall, Timothy L. Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Facts on File, 2001.

Abraham, Henry J. Justices, Presidents, and Senators: A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. Rev. ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Hall and Abraham cover Jefferson's appointments of William Johnson, H. Brockholst Livingston, and Thomas Todd to the Supreme Court.

Political Parties

Cunningham, Noble E. Jr. The Jeffersonian Republicans: The Formation of Party Organization, 1789-1801. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1957.

Cunningham, Noble E. Jr. The Jeffersonian Republicans in Power: Party Operations, 1801-1809. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1963.

Cunningham, Noble E., Jr. The Process of Government under Jefferson. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Fischer, David Hackett. The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Kerber, Linda K. Federalists in Dissent: Imagery and Ideology in Jeffersonian America. Ithaca, N.Y. Cornell University Press, 1970.

Young, James Sterling. The Washington Community, 1800-1828. New York: Columbia University Press, 1966.

Buel, Richard. Securing the Revolution: Ideology in American Politics, 1789-1815. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Chambers, William Nisbet. Political Parties in a New Nation: The American Experience, 1776-1809. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.

A brief overview of the emergence of the two-party system.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Idea of a Party System: The Rise of Legitimate Opposition in the United States, 1780-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Banning, Lance. The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U.S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on Political Parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.

Elections

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.

Includes brief essays, statistics and relevant documents on each presidential election from 1789 to 1968.

Contemporaries

John Adams (Former President)

Smith, Page. John Adams. 2 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1962.

The definitive Adams biography, with the caveat that Ferling below had greater access to the Adams Family Papers.

Ferling, John. John Adams: A Life. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

A more recent, very readable one-volume study of Adams.

Diggins, John Patrick. John Adams. New York: Times Books, 2003.

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Brown, Ralph. The Presidency of John Adams. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1975.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Taylor, Robert J., et. al., eds. Papers of John Adams. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1977-.

The authoritative collection of Adams Papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 11 volumes have been published.

Butterfield, L. H., et. al., eds. Diary and Autobiography of John Adams. 4 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1961.

The authoritative edition of Adams's diary and autobiography.

Adams, Charles Francis, ed. The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States. 10 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1850-1856.

As editor, Charles Francis Adams (John Adams's grandson) introduces inevitable bias to this collection; however, his edition remains the best published source for Adams papers still unpublished by the Adams Papers project above.

Butterfield, Lyman H., et. al., eds. The Adams Family Correspondence. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963-.

The authoritative edition of the Adams family's correspondence. Includes correspondence from John, Abigail, and John Quincy.

For a fuller discussion of Adams primary sources, see Adams's Public and Private Papers.

See Adams's online bibliography for more information on Adams and his Presidency.

John Quincy Adams (U.S. Senator; Statesman)

Adams, Charles Francis, ed. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Portions of His Diary from 1795 to 1848. 12 vols. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1874-1877.

The best published version of Adams's Diary.

Ford, Worthington C., ed. Writings of John Quincy Adams. 7 vols. New York: Macmillan Company, 1913-1917.

A selective collection of Adams's papers, but Ford remains the best published source for Adams papers.

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949.

A "classic" biography of Adams.

Parsons, Lynn Hudson. John Quincy Adams. Madison: Madison House, 1998.

Considered by many to be the best recent biography of Adams.

See Adams's online bibliography for more information on Adams and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Adams primary sources, see Adams's Public and Private Papers.

Fisher Ames (Federalist; Congressman)

Bernhard, Winfred E. A. Fisher Ames, Federalist and Statesman, 1758-1808. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1965.

Ames, Seth, ed. Works of Fisher Ames. 2 vols. 1854. Reprint, New York: Burt Franklin, 1971.

James A. Bayard (Federalist; Congressman)

Borden, Morton. The Federalism of James A. Bayard. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.

Donnan, Elizabeth, ed. Papers of James A. Bayard, 1796-1815. 1915. Reprint, Da Capo Press, 1971.

Reprinted in 1970 by Da Capo Press.

Joseph Brant (Iroquois leader)

Kelsay, Isabel Thompson. Joseph Brant, 1743-1807, Man of Two Worlds. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1984.

William C. C. Claiborne (Governor of The Orleans Territory)

Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette: University of the Southwestern Louisiana Press, 1976.

Rowland, Dunbar, ed. Official Letter Books of W. C. C. Claiborne, 1801-1816. 6 vols. Jackson, Miss.: State Department of Archives and History, 1917.

Henry Clay (U.S. Senator)

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: Norton, 1991.

Hopkins, James F., et. al., eds. The Papers of Henry Clay. 11 vols. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1959-1992.

The authoritative collection of Clay Papers.

Alexander Hamilton (Federalist Leader)

Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Press, 2004.

The most recent and possibly the best Hamilton biography.

Mitchell, Broadus. Alexander Hamilton. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1957-1962.

Long considered the standard Hamilton biography.

McDonald, Forrest. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1979.

McDonald's work has received mixed reviews; however, it is consistently praised for its discussion of Hamilton's economic theories.

Knott, Stephen. Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002.

Traces the evolution of Hamilton's controversial image in the American mind, and argues for a reconsideration of his contribution to the nation's founding.

Syrett, Harold C., ed. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. 27 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961-1987.

The authoritative collection of Hamilton Papers.

Benjamin Hawkins (Indian Agent)

Pound, Merritt B. Benjamin Hawkins: Indian Agent. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1951.

Henri, Florette. The Southern Indians and Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1816. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Grant, C. L., ed. Letters, Journals and Writings of Benjamin Hawkins. 2 vols. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1980.

John Marshall (Chief Justice)

See Marbury vs. Madison above under Major Issues in the Jefferson Administration.

Harrison Gray Otis (Statesman)

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848: The Urbane Federalist. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1969.

Timothy Pickering (Federalist; U.S. Senator)

Clarfield, Gerard H. Timothy Pickering and the American Republic. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1980.

A general biography of Pickering.

Pickering, Octavius, and Charles Wentworth Upham, eds. The Life of Timothy Pickering. 4 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867-1873.

The most complete published source for Pickering correspondence. The collection of Pickering papers at the Massachusetts Historical Society is available of microfilm.

Red Jacket (Iroquois leader)

Densmore, Christopher. Red Jacket: Iroquois Diplomat and Orator. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1999.

James Wilkinson (General; Governor of the Louisiana Territory)

Hay, Thomas Robson, and Morris Robert Werner. The Admirable Trumpeter: A Biography of General James Wilkinson. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Doran and Company, 1941.

Recent Publications

Bibliographies

Shuffleton, Frank. Thomas Jefferson: A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1992.

To view an online version, click here.

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