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John Quincy Adams Bibliography (1767 - 1848)

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Historical Context

White, Leonard D. The Jeffersonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1801-1829. New York: Macmillan Company, 1951.

The second book in White's trilogy on the administrative history of the early Republic.

Matthews, Jean V. Toward a New Society: American Thought and Culture, 1800-1830. Boston: Twayne, 1991.

Dangerfield, George. The Awakening of American Nationalism, 1815-1828. New York: Harper & Row, Harper Torchbooks, 1965.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Brookhiser, Richard. America’s First Dynasty: the Adamses, 1735-1918. New York, Free Press, 2002.

Examines the lives of four generations of Adamses and the American history of the era.

Adams Papers and Memoirs

Adams, John Quincy. Diary of John Quincy Adams. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981-.

The authoritative edition of Adams's diary; however, only the first two volumes have been published.

Adams, John Quincy. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams. Edited by Charles Francis Adams. 12 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippencott, 1857-77.

The best source for the diary until the Harvard edition is complete.

Adams, John Quincy. The Writings of John Quincy Adams. 7 vols. Edited by Worthington Chauncey Ford. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968.

For a fuller discussion of Adams’ papers see the Public and Private Papers section of our website.

Adams Biographies

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Knopf, 1949.

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Union. New York: Knopf, 1956.

Bemis’s two-volume work remains the standard Adams biography.

Parsons, Lynn Hudson. John Quincy Adams. Madison: Madison House, 1998.

A one-volume "life" of Adams.

Remini, Robert Vincent. John Quincy Adams. New York: Times Books, 2002.

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Hargreaves, Mary W. M. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1985.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Russell, Greg. John Quincy Adams and the Public Virtues of Diplomacy. Columbia: University Press of Missouri, 1995.

An examination of Adams’ philospohy and his ethical and religious foundations.

Weeks, William Earl. John Quincy Adams and the American Global Empire. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1992.

An examination of Adams’s career and accomplishments as Secretary of State under James Monroe.

Richards, Leonard L. The Life and Times of Congressman John Quincy Adams. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Explores Adams’s post-presidency career as Congressman from the Plymouth district of Massachusetts.

Adams Administration and Advisors (1825-1829)

For cabinet members not listed below, please see: Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams (First Lady)

Nagel, Paul. The Adams Women: Abigail and Louisa Adams, Their Sisters and Daughters. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Gould, Lewis L., ed. American First Ladies: Their Lives and their Legacy. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Contains essays on each First Lady from Martha Washington through Laura Bush.

James Barbour (Secretary of War)

Lowery, Charles Douglas. James Barbour, a Jeffersonian Republican. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1984.

John C. Calhoun (Vice President)

Wiltse, Chalres M. John C. Calhoun, Nationalist, 1782-1828. Indianalpolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944.

Wiltse, Chalres M. John C. Calhoun, Nullifier, 1829-1839. Indianalpolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1949.

Wiltse, Chalres M. John C. Calhoun, Sectionalist, 1840-1850. Indianalpolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1951.

Traditionally, the standard "life" of Calhoun.

Niven, John John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union. Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 1988.

A more recent challenge to Wiltse’s work.

Calhoun, John. Papers of John C. Calhoun. 27 vols. Edited by Robert L. Meriwether, et al. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959-2003.

The authoritative collection of Calhoun papers.

Henry Clay (Secretary of State)

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: Norton, 1991.

The new standard Clay biography.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. The Life of Henry Clay. Boston: Little, Brown, 1937.

For many years, considered the standard Clay biography.

Clay, Henry. Papers of Henry Clay. 11 vols. Edited by James F. Hopkins, et al. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1959-1992.

The authoritative collection of Clay papers.

Albert Gallatin (U. S. Minister to Great Britain)

Adams, Henry. Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Still considered by many to be the best biography of Gallatin.

Walters, Ray. Albert Gallatin: Jeffersonian Financier and Diplomat. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

More recent than Henry Adams above.

Adams, Henry, ed. The Writings of Albert Gallatin. 3 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Remains the best published source for Gallatin's papers. A modern microfilm edition also exists.

Rufus King (U. S. Minister to Great Britain)

Ernst, Robert. Rufus King: American Federalist. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.

John McLean (Postmaster General)

Weisenburger, Francis P. The Life of John McLean: A Politician on the United States Supreme Court. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 1937.

McLean was appointed to the Supreme Court during the Jackson Administration

Joel Poinsett (United States Minister to Mexico)

Rippy, James. Joel R. Poinsett: Versatile American. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1935.

Richard Rush (Secretary of the Treasury)

Powell, John Harvey. Richard Rush: Republican Diplomat, 1780-1859. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1942.

Samuel L. Southard (Secretary of the Navy)

Birkner, Michael, J. Samuel L. Southard: Jeffersonian Whig. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1984.

William Wirt (Attorney General)

Kennedy, John P. Memoirs of the Life of William Wirt: Attorney General of the United States. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1849.

Major Issues in the Adams Administration

Foreign Policy (General)

Varg, Paul. United States Foreign Relations, 1820-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1979.

Monroe Doctrine (Expansionism)

Perkins, Dexter. The Monroe Doctrine: 1823-1826. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Perkins, Dexter. The Monroe Doctrine: 1826-1867. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1933.

The first two volumes in Perkins's multi-volume examination at the Monroe Doctrine.

May, Ernest R. The Making of the Monroe Doctrine. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975.

May argues that the Monroe Doctrine was issued to influence the 1824 presidential election.

Latin American Relations (including the Panama Congress)

Lynch, John. The Spanish-American Revolutions, 1808-1826. 2d ed. New York: Norton, 1986.

Whitaker, Arthur Preston. The United States and the Independence of Latin America, 1800-1830. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1941.

Rippy, James Fred. Rivalry of the United States and Great Britain over Latin America, 1808-1830. 1929. New York: Octagon Books, 1972.

Great Britain / British North America (including Oregon)

Jones, Howard. To the Webster-Ashburton Treaty: A Study in Anglo-American Relations, 1783-1843. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.

Carroll, Francis. A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.

Merk, Frederick. Albert Gallatin and the Oregon Problem: A Study in Anglo-American Diplomacy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950.

Merk, Frederick. The Oregon Question: Essays in Anglo-American Diplomacy and Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Stuart, Reginald C. United States Expansionism and British North America, 1775-1871. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Bourne, Kenneth. Britain and the Balance of Power in North America, 1815-1908. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Manning, William R., ed. Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States: Canadian Relations, 1784-1860. 4 vols. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1940-1945.

France

Blumenthal, Henry. A Reappraisal of Franco-American Relations, 1830-1871. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina PRess, 1959.

McLemore, Richard. Franco-American Diplomatic Relations, 1816-1836. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1941.

Russia (Including Alaska)

Saul, Norman E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763-1867. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Chevigny, Hector. Russian America: The Great Alaskan Venture, 1741-1867. New York: Viking Press, 1965.

Kushner, Howard. Conflict on the Northwest Coast: American-Russian Rivalry in the Pacific Northwest, 1790-1867. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Greece

Pappas, Paul. The United States and the Greek War for Independence, 1821-1828. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Carribean

Benn, F. Lee. The American Struggle for the British West India Carrying Trade, 1815-1830. 1923. Reprint ed., Clifton, NJ: Augustus M. Kelley, 1972.

Logan, Rayford. The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with Haiti, 1776-1891. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1941.

Economics (including the Bank of the United States)

Taylor, George Rogers. The Transportation Revolution, 1815-1860. New York: Harper & Row, 1951.

Gates, Paul Wallace. The Farmer’s Age: Agriculture, 1815-1860. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960.

Taylor and Gates are both part of the Economic History of the United States series. Combined, the two works provide an excellent overview of antebellum U.S. industry.

North, Douglass. The Economic Growth of the United States, 1790-1860. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1961.

Redlich, Fritz. The Molding of American Banking, Men and Ideas. New York: Hafner Publishing Co., 1947.

Hammond, Bray. Banks and Politics in America,from the Revolution to the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.

Govan, Thomas Payne. Nicholas Biddle: Nationalist and Public Banker, 1786-1844. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1959.

Biddle, Nicholas. The Correspondence of Nicholas Biddle Dealing with National Affairs, 1807-1844. Edited by Reginald C. McGrane. 1919. Reprint, Boston: J.S. Canner, 1966.

Biddle was president of the Bank of the United States.

Kaplan, Edward S. The Bank of the United States and the American Economy. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Tafiff of Abominations

Taussig, F. W. The Tariff History of the United States. 8th ed., rev. New York: Capricorn Books, 1964.

Internal Improvements / Land Policy

Goodrich, Carter. Government Promotion of American Canals and Railroads, 1800-1890. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Gates, Paul Wallace. History of Public Land Law Development. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Stanton, William. The Great United States Exploring Expedition of 1828-1842. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Labbe, Dolores Egger, ed. The Louisiana Purchase and Its Aftermath, 1800-1830. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1998.

Rohrbough, Malcolm J. The Trans-Appalachian Frontier: People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Slavery

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

A detailed account of the history of slavery beginning with the arrival of the first slaves in the seventeenth century.

Soulsby, Hugh. The Right of Search and the Slave Trade in Anglo-American Relations, 1814-1862. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1933.

Robinson, Donald L. Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765-1820. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.

Beyan, Amos. The American Colonization Society and the Creation of the Liberian State: A Historical Perspective, 1822-1900. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1991.

Staudenraus, P.J. The African Colonization Movement, 1816-1865. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Indian Affairs

Prucha, Francis Paul. The Great Father: The United States and the American Indians. 2 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Debo, Angie. The Road to Disappearance. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1941.

Wright, J. Leitch, Jr. Creeks & Seminoles: The Destruction and Regeneration of the Muscogulge People. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.

Southerland, Henry de Leon. The Federal Road: through Georgia, the Creek Nation, and Alabama, 1806-1836. Tuscalossa: University of Alabama Press, 1989.

Adams’s administration negotiated a treaty with the Creek Indians of Georgia.

Judicial Issues and Appointments

Abraham, Henry J. Justices, Presidents, and Senators: A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. Rev. ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Abraham covers Adams's appointment of Robert Trimble to the Supreme Court.

Politics and Political Parties

Livermore, Shaw. The Twilight of Federalism: The Disintegration of the Federalist Party, 1815-1830. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962.

Risjord, Norman. The Old Republicans: Southern Conservatism in the Age of Jefferson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1965.

Young, James Sterling. The Washington Community, 1800-1828. New York: Columbia University Press, 1966.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Idea of a Party System: The Rise of Legitimate Opposition in the United States, 1780-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U.S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on Political Parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.

Elections

May, Ernest R. The Making of the Monroe Doctrine. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975.

May argues that the Monroe Doctrine was issued to influence the 1824 presidential election.

Remini, Robert. The Election of Andrew Jackson. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1963.

Examines the 1828 election.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.

Adams Contemporaries

Thomas Hart Benton (Senator; Jacksonian)

Smith, Elbert. Magnificent Missourian: The Life of Thomas Hart Benton. Philadelphia: Lippencott, 1958.

Benton, Thomas. Thirty Years View: or, A History of the Working of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1859.

Francis P. Blair (Journalist; Politician; Jacksonian)

Smith, Elbert B. Francis Preston Blair. New York: Free Press, 1980.

Smith, William Ernest. The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1933.

William H. Crawford (1824 Presidential Candidate)

Mooney, Chase C. William H. Crawford, 1772-1834. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1974.

Andrew Jackson (1824 & 1828 Presidential Candidate)

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

The definitive Jackson biography.

Jackson, Andrew. Papers of Andrew Jackson. Edited by Sam B. Smith, et al. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980-.

The authoritative collection of Jackson papers. Publication is ongoing.

See online biography of Andrew Jackson for more information.

Amos Kendall (Journalist; Jacksonian)

Kendall, Amos. Autobiography of Amos Kendall. Edited by William Stickney. New York: P. Smith, 1949.

Edward Livingston (Congressman; Jacksonian)

Hatcher, William B. Edward Livingston: Jeffersonian Republican and Jacksonian Democrat. University: Louisiana State University Press, 1940.

James Madison (Former President)

Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

The standard single-volume biography of Madison.

Brant, Irving. James Madison. 6 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1941-1961.

The classic multi-volume "life" of Madison.

Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1990.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Madison, James. Papers of James Madison. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1961-.

The authoritative collection of Madison papers. Publication is ongoing.

See Madison's online bibliography for more information on Madison and his Presidency.

Willie Person Mangum (Congressman; Crawfordite; Jacksonian)

Mangum, Willie. P. The Papers of Willie Person Mangum. 5 vols. Edited by Henry T. Shanks. Raleigh, N.C.: State Department of Archives and History, 1950-56.

Louis McLane (Crawfordite; Jacksonian)

Munroe, John A. Louis McLane: Federalist and Jacksonian. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1973.

James Monroe (Former President)

Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw Hill, 1971.

The standard Monroe biography.

Cunningham, Nobel E., Jr. The Presidency of James Monroe. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Monroe, James. The Writings of James Monroe. 7 vols. Edited by Stanislaus M. Hamilton. 1898-1903. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1969.

Until the completion of the Monroe papers project at Mary Washington College, the Hamilton edition will remain the standard published source for Monroe’s papers.

See Monroe's online bibliography for more information on Monroe and his Presidency.

John Randolph (Congressman)

Kirk, Russell. Randolph of Roanoke: A Study in Conservative Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Adams, Henry. John Randolph. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1882.

Bruce, William. John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833. New York: G.P. Putman's, 1922.

Thomas Ritchie (Journalist; Politician)

Ambler, Charles Henry. Thomas Ritchie: A Study in Virginia Politics. Richmond, Va.: Bell, Book, & Stationary Co., 1913.

Roger B. Taney (Politician; Jacksonian)

Lewis, Walker. Without Fear or Favor: A Biography of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

The standard biography of Taney.

Littleton Waller Tazewell (Senator)

Peterson, Norma Lois. Littleton Waller Tazewell. Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 1983.

Martin Van Buren (Senator)

Niven, John. Martin Van Buren and the Romantic Age of American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Cole, Donald B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cole and Niven are considered the two standard biographies of Van Buren.

Van Buren, Martin. " The Autobiography of Martin Van Buren," edited by John C. Fitzpatrick, in Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1918. Vol. 2. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920.

See online bibliography of Martin Van Buren for more information.

Daniel Webster (Statesman)

Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York: Norton, 1997.

The new standard biography of Webster.

Brown, Norman D. Daniel Webster and the Politics of Availability. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969.

Nathans, Sydney. Daniel Webster and Jacksonian Democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

Bartlett, Irving H. Daniel Webster. New York: Norton, 1978.

Webster, Daniel. Papers of Daniel Webster. 14 vols. Edited by Charles M. Wiltse, et al. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England. 1974-1989.

The authoritative collection of Webster papers.

Thurlow Weed (Politician; Journalist)

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Thurlow Weed: Wizard of the Lobby. Boston: Little, Brown, 1947.

Weed, Thurlow. Autobiography of Thurlow Weed. Edited by Harriet A. Weed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1883.

Recent Publications

Burleigh, Nina. The Stranger and the Statesman: James Smithson, John Quincy Adams, and the Making of America’s Greatest Museum, the Smithsonian. New York: William Morrow, 2003.

Bibliographies

Parsons, Lynn H. John Quincy Adams: A Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.

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