Miller Center

James Madison Bibliography (1751 - 1836)

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Historical Context

Wood, Gordon. Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1969.

A "classic" account of political thought from the Revolution and the Confederation periods.

Elkins, Stanley and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

An epic account of the first years of the United States.

Miller, John C. The Federalist Era, 1789-1801. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1960.

More dated and briefer than Elkins and McKitrick above.

Sharp, James Roger. American Politics in the Early Republic: The New Nation in Crisis. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1993.

White, Leonard D. The Federalists: A Study in Administrative History. New York: Macmillan Company, 1948.

White, Leonard D. The Jeffersonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1801-1829. New York: Macmillan Company, 1951.

The first two books in White's trilogy on administrative history of the early Republic.

Adams, Henry. History of the United States during the Administrations of Jefferson and Madison. 9 vols. New York, Scribner's, 1889-1891.

Madison Papers and Memoirs

Hutchinson, William T., et. al., eds. The Papers of James Madison. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1962-.

The authoritative collection of Madison papers. Publication is ongoing.

Hunt, Gaillard, ed. The Writings of James Madison. 9 vols. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1900-1910.

Hunt is the best published source for Madison papers yet to be published by the University of Virginia project.

Smith, James Morton, ed. The Republic of Letters: The Correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, 1776-1826. 3 vols. New York: Norton, 1995.

Carter, Clarence, ed. The Territorial Papers of the United States 28 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1934-1975.

Includes Madison's correspondence with territorial officials.

Adair, Douglass, ed. "Madison's Autobiography." William and Mary Quarterly 2 (1945).

For a fuller discussion of Madison primary sources, see Madison's Public and Private Papers.

Madison Biographies

Brant, Irving. James Madison. 6 vols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1941-1961.

The monumental multi-volume biography of Madison.

Ketcham, Ralph L. James Madison: A Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1971.

Considered by many to be the best one-volume biography of Madison.

Rutland, Robert Allen. James Madison: The Founding Father. New York: Macmillan, 1987.

Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1990.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Wills, Gary. James Madison. New York: Times Books, 2002.

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

McCoy, Drew. The Last of the Fathers: James Madison and the Republican Legacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

McCoy's focus is Madison's retirement years.

Madison Administration and Advisors (1809-1817)

For cabinet members not listed below, please see: Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

John Armstrong (Secretary of War)

Skeen, C. Edward. John Armstrong, Jr., 1758-1843: A Biography. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

George Clinton (Vice President)

Kaminski, John P. George Clinton: Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. Madison: Madison House, 1993.

The best available biography of Clinton.

Public Papers of George Clinton, First Governor of New York, 1777-1795, 1801-1804. 1899-1914. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1973.

Limited to Clinton's years as Governor of New York.

William H. Crawford (Secretary of War; Secretary of the Treasury)

Mooney, Chase C. William H. Crawford, 1772-1834. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1974.

Alexander J. Dallas (Secretary of the Treasury; Secretary of War)

Walters, Raymond. Alexander James Dallas. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1943.

Albert Gallatin (Secretary of the Treasury)

Adams, Henry. Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Still considered by many to be the best biography of Gallatin.

Walters, Ray. Albert Gallatin: Jeffersonian Financier and Diplomat. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

Balinky, Alexander. Albert Gallatin: Fiscal Theories and Policies. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1958.

Adams, Henry, ed. The Writings of Albert Gallatin. 3 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1879.

Remains the best published source for Gallatin's papers. A modern microfilm edition also exists.

Elbridge Gerry (Vice President)

Billias, George. Elbridge Gerry: Founding Father and Republican Statesman. New York: McGraw-Hill: 1976.

Gideon Granger (Postmaster General)

Hamlin, Arthur. Gideon Granger. Canandaigua, NY: Granger Homestead Society, 1982.

Dolley Madison (First Lady)

Arnett, Ethel Stephens. Mrs. James Madison: The Incomparable Dolley. Greensboro, N.C., Piedmont Press, 1972.

Gould, Lewis L., ed. American First Ladies: Their Lives and their Legacy. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Contains essays on each First Lady from Martha Washington through Laura Bush.

Mattern, David and Holly Shulman. The Selected Letters of Dolley Payne Madison. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2003.

James Monroe (Secretary of State; Secretary of War)

Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.

The definitive Monroe biography.

Hamilton, Stanislaus Murray, ed. The Writings of James Monroe. 7 vols. New York: G. P. Putman's Sons, 1898-1903.

Currently the best published source for Monroe papers.

Brown, Stuart G., and Donald G. Baker, eds. The Autobiography of James Monroe. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1959.

See Monroe's online bibliography for more information on Monroe and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Monroe primary sources, see Monroe's Public and Private Papers.

William Pinkney (Attorney General)

Pinkney, William. The Life of William Pinkney, by his Nephew. 1853. Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Pinkney, William. Some Account of the Life, Writings, and Speeches of William Pinkney. New York: J. W. Palmer & Co., 1826.

Richard Rush (Attorney General)

Powell, J.H. Richard Rush: Republican Diplomat, 1780-1859. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1943.

Robert Smith (Secretary of State)

Armstrong, Thom M. Politics, Diplomacy and Intrigue in the Early Republic: The Cabinet Career of Robert Smith, 1801-1811. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1991.

Major Issues in the Madison Administration

Foreign Relations (General)

Perkins, Bradford. The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776-1865. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Volume 1 of The Cambridge History of Foreign Relations. A general survey of early U.S. foreign relations.

The War of 1812

General

Stagg, J.C.A. Mr. Madison's War: Politics, Diplomacy, and Warfare in the Early American Republic, 1783-1830. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Considered by many to be the best overall work on the War of 1812.

Mahon, John. The War of 1812. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1972.

Updyke, Frank. The Diplomacy of the War of 1812. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1915.

Dated, but still one of the most detailed descriptions of the Ghent negotiations.

Prelude

Spivak, Burton I. Jefferson's English Crisis: Commerce, Embargo, and the Republican Revolution. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1979.

Sears, Louis Martin. Jefferson and the Embargo. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1927.

Decision for War

Pratt, Julius W. Expansionists of 1812. New York: Macmillan Company, 1925.

Influential book that argues the decision for war was based on an effort to conquer Canada and Florida.

Brown, Roger H. The Republic in Peril: 1812. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.

An important study of the Repubican party leading up to the War.

Hatzenbuehler, Ronald. and Robert Ivie. Congress Declares War: Rhetoric, Leadership, and Partisanship in the Early Republic. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1983.

Taylor, George Rogers, ed. The War of 1812: Past Justifications and Present Interpretations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.

Includes Congressional speeches and reports as well as a number of interpretive essays.

Military

Hickey, Donald. The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Hickey primarily focuses on the Military aspects of the War.

Skeen, C. Edward. Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1999.

Cress, Lawrence D. Citizen in Arms: The Army and Miitia in American Society to the War of 1812. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Mahan, Alfred. Sea Power in Its Relation to the War of 1812. 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1968.

Crane, William. Men of Marque: A History of Private Armed Vessels Out of Baltimore during the War of 1812. New York: Norton, 1940.

Eckert, Edward. The Navy Department in the War of 1812. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1973.

Johnson, Timothy. Winfield Scott: The Quest for Military Glory. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Jackson, Andrew. Papers of Andrew Jackson. Edited by Sam B. Smith, et al. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980-.

The authoritative collection of Jackson papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 6 volumes (1770-1828) have been published.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

Volume 1 in the definitive Jackson biography.

See Jackson's online bibliography for more information on Jackson and his Presidency.

See William Henry Harrison under Contemporaries below.

Regional

Owsley, Frank L., Jr. Struggle for the Gulf Borderlands: The Creek War and the Battle of New Orleans, 1812-1815. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1981.

Reilly, Robin. The British at the Gates: The New Orleans Campaign in the War of 1812. New York: Putnam, 1974.

Gilpin, Alec. The War of 1812 in the Old Northwest. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1958.

Everest, Allan S. The War of 1812 in the Champlain Valley. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

Cox, Isaac. The West Florida Controversy, 1798-1813. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1918

Bibliography

Smith, Dwight L., ed. The War of 1812: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1985.

Great Britain / British North America

Perkins, Bradford. Prologue to War: England and the United States, 1805-1812. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

Perkins, Bradford. Castlereagh and Adams: England and the United States, 1812-1823. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.

The the final two books in a trilogy on Anglo-American relations in the early Republic.

Stuart, Reginald C. United States Expansionism and British North America, 1775-1871. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Stuart spends significant time on the period between 1783-1815.

Burt, Alfred L. The United States, Great Britain, and British North American from the Revolution to the Establishment of Peace after the War of 1812. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1940.

"Classic" text on Anglo-American relations as they relate to British North America.

Manning, William R., ed. Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States: Canadian Relations, 1784-1860. 4 vols. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1940-1945.

France

Egan, Clifford L. Neither Peace nor War: Franco-American Relations, 1803-1812. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983.

McLynn, Frank. Napoleon: A Biography. London: Jonathan Cape, 1997.

Asprey, Robert. The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Asprey, Robert. The Reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

Spanish Florida

Cusick, James. The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the American Invasion of Spanish East Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.

Weber, David J. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

A sweeping overview of Spain's American empire.

Waciuma, Wanjohi. Intervention in Spanish Floridas, 1801-1813: A Study in Jeffersonian Foreign Policy. Boston: Branden Press, 1976.

Russia

Saul, Norman E. Distant Friends: The United States and Russia, 1763-1867. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

An overview of Russian-American relations in the early Republic.

Chevigny, Hector. Russian America: The Great Alaskan Venture, 1741-1867. New York: Viking Press, 1965.

Barbary Powers

Irwin, Ray W. The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Powers, 1776-1816. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1931.

A "classic" account of U. S. relations with the Barbary states; reprinted by Russell and Russell in 1970.

U.S. Office of Naval Records and Library, ed. Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers. 6 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1939-1944.

Caribbean

Langley, Lester D. Struggle for the American Mediterranean: United States-European Rivalry in the Gulf-Caribbean, 1776-1904. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976.

Logan, Rayford W. The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with Haiti, 1776-1891. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1941.

Still remains the standard book-length work on the Haitian Revolution.

Latin America

Warren, Harris Gaylord. The Sword Was Their Passport: A History of American Filibustering in the Mexican Revolution. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1943.

Manning, William R., ed. Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States Concerning the Independence of the Latin-American Nations. 3 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1925.

Military

Jacobs, James Ripley. The Beginning of the U.S. Army, 1783-1812. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1947.

Sprout, Harold H. and Margaret Sprout. The Rise of American Naval Power. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1967.

Economics (General)

Nettels, Curtis. The Emergence of a National Economy, 1775-1815. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962.

A "classic" survey.

McCoy, Drew. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Hammond, Bray. Banks and Politics in America from the Revolution to the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.

See Albert Gallatin under Madison Administration and Advisors.

Slavery

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

An excellent overview of the institution of American Slavery.

Robinson, Donald L. Slavery in the Structure of American Politics, 1765-1820. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.

Indian Affairs

Prucha, Francis Paul. The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

General survey of United States Indian policy from one of the leading scholars on the subject.

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Policy in the Formative Years: The Indian Trade and Intercourse Acts, 1790-1834. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Examines the Trade and Intercourse Acts originally established by Washington and Henry Knox that ultimately were never enforced.

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Treaties: The History of a Political Anomaly. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745-1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Focuses on the attempt to develop pan-Indian unity, with an emphasis on the religious elements in the movement.

Pound, Merritt B. Benjamin Hawkins: Indian Agent. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1951.

Henri, Florette. The Southern Indians and Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1816. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.

Grant, C. L., ed. Letters, Journals and Writings of Benjamin Hawkins. 2 vols. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1980.

Sugden, John. Tecumseh: A Life. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1998.

Densmore, Christopher. Red Jacket: Iroquois Diplomat and Orator. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1999.

Frontier / Land Policies

Labbe, Dolores Egger, ed. The Louisiana Purchase and Its Aftermath, 1800-1830. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1998.

Rohrbough, Malcolm J. The Trans-Appalachian Frontier: People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

An overview of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier.

Rohrbough, Malcolm. The Land Office Business: The Settlement and Administration of the Public Lands, 1789-1837. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Judicial Issues and Appointments

Hall, Timothy L. Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Facts on File, 2001.

Abraham, Henry J. Justices, Presidents, and Senators: A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. Rev. ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Hall and Abraham cover Madison's appointments of Gabriel Duvall and Joseph Story to the Supreme Court.

Politics and Political Parties

Cunningham, Noble E. Jr. The Jeffersonian Republicans in Power: Party Operations, 1801-1809. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1963.

Fischer, David Hackett. The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Kerber, Linda K. Federalists in Dissent: Imagery and Ideology in Jeffersonian America. Ithaca, N.Y. Cornell University Press, 1970.

Young, James Sterling. The Washington Community, 1800-1828. New York: Columbia University Press, 1966.

Buel, Richard. Securing the Revolution: Ideology in American Politics, 1789-1815. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Idea of a Party System: The Rise of Legitimate Opposition in the United States, 1780-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Banning, Lance. The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Banner, James. To the Hartford Convention: The Federalists and the Origins of Party Politics in Massachusetts, 1789-1815. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U.S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on Political Parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.

Elections

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.

Includes brief essays, statistics and relevant documents on each presidential election from 1789 to 1968.

Contemporaries

John Adams (Former President)

Smith, Page. John Adams. 2 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1962.

The definitive Adams biography, with the caveat that Ferling below had greater access to the Adams Family Papers.

Ferling, John. John Adams: A Life. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

A more recent, very readable one-volume study of Adams.

Diggins, John Patrick. John Adams. New York: Times Books, 2003.

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Brown, Ralph. The Presidency of John Adams. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1975.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Taylor, Robert J., et. al., eds. Papers of John Adams. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1977-.

The authoritative collection of Adams Papers. Publication is ongoing.

Butterfield, L. H., et. al., eds. Diary and Autobiography of John Adams. 4 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1961.

The authoritative edition of Adams's diary and autobiography.

Adams, Charles Francis, ed. The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States. 10 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1850-1856.

As editor, Charles Francis Adams (John Adams's grandson) introduces inevitable bias to this collection; however, his edition remains the best published source for Adams papers still unpublished by the Adams Papers project above.

Butterfield, Lyman H., et. al., eds. The Adams Family Correspondence. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963-.

The authoritative edition of the Adams family's correspondence. Includes correspondence from John, Abigail, and John Quincy.

For a fuller discussion of Adams primary sources, see Adams's Public and Private Papers.

See Adams's online bibliography for more information on Adams and his Presidency.

John Quincy Adams (U.S. Senator; Statesman)

Adams, Charles Francis, ed. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Portions of His Diary from 1795 to 1848. 12 vols. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1874-1877.

The best published version of Adams's Diary.

Ford, Worthington C., ed. Writings of John Quincy Adams. 7 vols. New York: Macmillan Company, 1913-1917.

A selective collection of Adams's papers, but Ford remains the best published source for Adams papers.

Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949.

A "classic" biography of Adams.

Parsons, Lynn Hudson. John Quincy Adams. Madison: Madison House, 1998.

Considered by many to be the best recent biography of Adams.

See Adams's online bibliography for more information on Adams and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Adams primary sources, see Adams's Public and Private Papers.

James A. Bayard (Federalist; Congressman)

Borden, Morton. The Federalism of James A. Bayard. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.

Donnan, Elizabeth, ed. Papers of James A. Bayard, 1796-1815. 1915. Reprint, Da Capo Press, 1971.

Aaron Burr (Former Vice President)

Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr. 2 vols. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979-1982.

Kline, Mary-Jo, et. al., eds. Political Correspondence and Public Papers of Aaron Burr. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

John C. Calhoun (Senator)

Calhoun, John C. Papers of John C. Calhoun. 27 vols. Edited by Robert L. Meriwether, et al. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959-2003.

The authoritative collection of Calhoun papers.

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Nationalist, 1782-1828. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944.

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Nullifier, 1829-1839. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1949.

Wiltse, Charles M. John C. Calhoun, Sectionalist, 1840-1850. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1951.

Wiltse is traditionally considered the standard "life" of Calhoun.

Niven, John John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

A more recent challenge to Wiltse’s work.

Peterson, Merrill D. The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay and Calhoun. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

An overview of the three "big" Whigs.

William C. C. Claiborne (Governor of The Orleans Territory)

Hatfield, Joseph T. William Claiborne: Jeffersonian Centurion in the American Southwest. Lafayette: University of the Southwestern Louisiana Press, 1976.

Rowland, Dunbar, ed. Official Letter Books of W. C. C. Claiborne, 1801-1816. 6 vols. Jackson, Miss.: State Department of Archives and History, 1917.

William Clark (Governor of the Missouri Territory)

Steffen, Jerome. William Clark: Jeffersonian Man on the Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.

Henry Clay (U.S. Senator)

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: Norton, 1991.

Hopkins, James F., et. al., eds. The Papers of Henry Clay. 11 vols. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1959-1992.

The authoritative collection of Clay Papers.

See Peterson under Calhoun.

William Henry Harrison (Governor of the Indian Territory; General)

Cleaves, Freeman. Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time. New York: Scribner's, 1939.

Esarey, Logan, ed. The Messages and Letters of William Henry Harrison. 2 vols. 1922. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

Limited to Harrison’s time as Governor of the Indian Territory (Indiana).

See Harrison's online bibliography for more information on Harrison and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Harrison primary sources, see Harrison's Public and Private Papers.

Thomas Jefferson (Former President)

Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time. 6 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1948-1981.

The monumental biography of Jefferson.

Peterson, Merrill. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

Considered by many to be the best one-volume treatment of Jefferson. Like Malone above, a favorable portrait of Jefferson.

Cunningham, Noble E. The Pursuit of Reason: The Life of Thomas Jefferson. Baton Rouge, 1987.

Much shorter than Peterson, but still an excellent one-volume biography.

McDonald, Forrest. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1976.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Appleby, Joyce. Thomas Jefferson. New York: Times Books, 2003.

 

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Boyd, Julian, et. al., eds. Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950-.

The authoritative collection of Jefferson Papers. Publication is ongoing. To date, 30 volumes have been published.

Lipscomb, Andrew A. and Bergh, Albert E., eds. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson. 20 vols. Washington, D.C.: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1903-1904.

Ford, Paul Leicester, ed. The Writings of Thomas Jefferson. 10 vols. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1892-1899.

Lipscomb and Ford are the best published sources for Jefferson papers yet to be published by the Princeton project.

See Jefferson's online bibliography for more information on Jefferson and his Presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Jefferson primary sources, see Jefferson's Public and Private Papers.

John Marshall (Chief Justice)

Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation. New York: H. Holt and Co., 1996.

Beveridge, Albert J. The Life of John Marshall. 4 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1916-1919.

A "classic," laudatory biography of Marshall.

Johnson, Herbert A., et. al., eds. The Papers of John Marshall. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1974-.

The authoritative collection of Marshall papers. Publication is ongoing.

Harrison Gray Otis (Statesman)

Morison, Samuel Eliot. Harrison Gray Otis, 1765-1848: The Urbane Federalist. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1969.

Timothy Pickering (Federalist; Congressman)

Clarfield, Gerard H. Timothy Pickering and the American Republic. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1980.

A general biography of Pickering.

Pickering, Octavius, and Charles Wentworth Upham, eds. The Life of Timothy Pickering. 4 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867-1873.

The most complete published source for Pickering correspondence. The collection of Pickering papers at the Massachusetts Historical Society is available of microfilm.

Samuel Smith (Republican; Senator)

Cassell, Frank A. Merchant Congressman in the Young Republic: Samuel Smith of Maryland, 1752-1839. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1971.

James Wilkinson (General; Governor of the Louisiana Territory)

Hay, Thomas Robson, and Morris Robert Werner. The Admirable Trumpeter: A Biography of General James Wilkinson. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Doran and Company, 1941.

Recent Publications

Bibliographies

See War of 1812 under Major Issues for a bibliography of the war.

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