James Monroe (1758 – 1831) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: James Monroe was the last American President of the “Virginia Dynasty”—of the first five men who held that position, four hailed from Virginia. Monroe also had a long and distinguished public career as a soldier, diplomat, governor, senator, an… more life in brief » Essays about James Monroe Life in Brief Life in Brief: James Monroe was the last American President of the “Virginia Dynasty”—of the first five men who held that position, four hailed from Virginia. Monroe also had a long and distinguished public career as a soldier, diplomat, governor, senator, and cabinet official. His presidency, which began in… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, James Monroe enjoyed all the advantages accruing to the son of a prosperous planter. His father, Spence Monroe, traced his ancestry back to relative who had fought at the side of Charles I in the English civil wars before being captured and e… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1816: When James Madison announced his decision to continue the custom of serving only two terms as President, James Monroe stood in a commanding position for the Democratic-Republican nomination as Madison's heir apparent. He encountered opposition, however, as…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: At the beginning of Monroe's presidency, Americans were feeling generally optimistic. The nation had declared victory in the War of 1812 and the economy was booming, allowing Monroe to turn his attention toward domestic issues. The new President, moreover, was personable, extremely popular, and …Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: In the realm of foreign affairs, James Monroe sought to improve the country's international reputation and assert its independence. By virtue of his solid working relationship with Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the two men successfully pursued an aggressive foreign policy, especially wit…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Monroe decided to follow the precedent set by Washington, Jefferson, and Madison and serve only two terms as President. His decision meant that an incumbent would not be running for the post in 1824. During the last few years of Monroe's tenure, some of his initiatives were defeated or delayed s…Family Life Family Life: While a delegate to the Continental Congress in New York, James Monroe met Elizabeth Kortright in 1785. They were married the following year and eventually had three children—Eliza Kortright Monroe, James Spence Monroe (who died in infancy), and Maria Hester Monroe. Despite Monroe’s many trips a…The American Franchise The American Franchise: During Monroe's presidency, five new states had joined the Union: Mississippi (1817), Illinois (1818), Alabama (1819), Maine (1820), and Missouri (1821). Twenty-five percent of the American population was living west of the Appalachians by 1820. According to the Land Act of 1820, farmers cou…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: James Monroe came to the presidency as one of the most qualified men ever to assume the office. His resume included service in the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress, and the U.S. Senate. Monroe also served as governor of Virginia, filled numerous diplomatic posts, and held two cabinet appo… About His Administration First Lady Elizabeth Monroe Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins (1817-1825) Secretary of State Richard Rush (1817) John Quincy Adams (1817–1825) Attorney General Richard Rush (1817) William Wirt (1817–1825) Postmaster General Return J. Meigs, Jr. (1817–1823) John McLean (1823–1825) Secretary of the Treasury William H. Crawford (1817–1825) Secretary of the Navy Benjamin W. Crowninshield (1817–1818) Smith Thompson (1819–1823) Samuel L. Southard (1823–1825) Secretary of War John C. Calhoun (1817–1825) George Graham (1817–1817) Facts about James Monroe Term: 5th President of the United States (1817 – 1825) Born: April 28, 1758, Westmoreland County, Virginia Political Party: Democratic-Republican Died: July 04, 1831 Nickname: “The Last Cocked Hat,” “Era-of-Good-Feelings President” Education: College of William and Mary (graduated 1776) Religion: Episcopalian Marriage: February 16, 1786, to Elizabeth Kortright (1768–1830) Children: Eliza Kortright (1786–1835), James Spence (1799–1800), Maria Hester (1803–1850) Career: Lawyer Buried: New York City, New York WritingsWritings (7 vols., 1898–1903), ed. by S. M. Hamilton; Autobiography (1959), ed. by Stuart G. Brown and Donald G. Baker James Monroe Image Gallery More images » Citation Information Consulting Editor Daniel Preston Dr. Preston is the editor of The Papers of James Monroe at the University of Mary Washington. The first two volumes in that eight-volume series have been published by Greenwood Press. John Quincy Adams » « James Madison American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!