Miller Center

American President

A Reference Resource

Henry Kissinger (1973–1974): Secretary of State

Henry A. Kissinger was born in Fuerthr, Germany on May 28, 1927. He received a B.A. summa cum laude from Harvard College (1950), an M.A. from Harvard (1952), and a Ph.D. from Harvard (1954). Kissinger was a member of Harvard's Department of Government as well as their Center for International Affairs, where he was associate director (1957-1960).

He also served as the director of the Harvard Defense Studies Program (1958-1971). Kissinger was a consultant to several federal bureaucracies during the 1960s, including the Department of State (1965-1968), the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1961-1968), and the National Security Council (1961-1962).

He served as secretary of state from 1973 to 1977 and as the assistant to the President for national security from 1969 to 1975. He later became a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board under Presidents Reagan and Bush (1984-1990). Since leaving the government, Kissinger has been chairman of Kissinger Associates, a consulting firm he founded.