Miller Center

American President

A Reference Resource

George P. Shultz (1969–1970): Secretary of Labor

George Shultz was born in New York City, on December 13, 1920, and earned a B.A. in economics at Princeton (1942). During World War II, Shultz served in the U.S. Marines Corps (1942-1945). After the war, in 1949, he received a Ph.D. in industrial economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Shultz taught at MIT from 1948 to 1957, except for the time in 1955 when he was senior staff economist on President Eisenhower's Council of Economic Advisers. In 1962, Shultz was appointed dean of the University of Chicago's graduate business school. He later became a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford (1968-1969).

Under President Nixon, Shultz was secretary of labor (1969-1970), director of the Office of Management and Budget, secretary of the treasury (1972-1974), chairman of the Council on Economic Policy, and chairman of the East-West Trade Policy Commission (1973). He later served as secretary of state (1982-1989) during the Reagan administration.

Shultz returned to Stanford University as the Jack Steele Parker Professor of International Economics at the Graduate School of Business and as a distinguished fellow at the Hoover Institution. He is a member of the board of directors of Bechtel Group, Fremont Group, Gilead Sciences,, and Charles Schwab & Co., Inc.. He is also chairman of the International Council of J. P. Morgan and sits on the advisory committee of Infrastructureworld.