Miller Center

Franklin Pierce Bibliography (1804 - 1869)

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Historical Context

Potter, David M. The Impending Crisis 1848-1861. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.

A standard examination of this time period.

Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

An ambitious history of the Whig party that is the standard work on the subject.

Ashworth, John. Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Covers the years 1815-1861.

Bode, Carl. Midcentury American Life in the 1850s. Carbondale: Sothern Illinois University Press, 1972.

A compilation of primary sources regarding American life in the 1850s.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

A highly regarded history of American life before the crises of the late 1850s.

Pierce Primary Sources

Richardson, James D. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1897. 10 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1900.

Volume 5 includes the years that Pierce was in presidency.

For a fuller discussion of Pierce’s papers see the Public and Private Papers section of our web site.

Pierce Biographies

Nichols, Roy Franklin. Franklin Pierce: Young Hickory of the Granite Hills. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1931.

Gara, Larry. The Presidency of Franklin Pierce. Lawrence, Kans.: 1991.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Life of Franklin Pierce. Boston: Ticknor, Reed and Fields, 1852.

This work is a campaign biography; Hawthorne was a confidant of Pierce’s during their college years.

Pierce Administration and Advisors (1853-1857)

For cabinet members not listed below, please see: Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet. 3 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

August Belmont (Minister to the Netherlands)

Belmont, August. Letters, Speeches and Addresses of August Belmont. New York: Privately Printed, 1890.

James Buchanan (Minister to Great Britain)

Klein, Philip S. President James Buchanan: A Biography. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962.

Binder, Frederick. James Buchanan and the American Empire. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1994.

Binder examines Buchanan's foreign policy views throughout his political career.

Buchanan, James. The Works of James Buchanan. 12 vols. Edited by John Bassett Moore. 1908-1911. Reprint, New York: Antiquarian Press, 1960.

James Campbell (Postmaster General)

Fowler, Dorothy Ganfield. The Cabinet Politician: The Postmasters General, 1829-1909. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

Charles M. Conrad (Secretary of War)

Thomas Corwin (Secretary of the Treasury)

Corwin, Thomas. Life and Speeches of Thomas Corwin: Orator, Lawyer, and Statesman. Edited by Josiah Morrow. Cincinnati: W.H. Anderson, 1896.

Caleb Cushing (Attorney General)

Fuess, Claude M. The Life of Caleb Cushing. 2 vols. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1923.

George M. Dallas (Minister to Great Britain)

Belohlovek, John M. George Mifflin Dallas: Jacksonian Patrician. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977.

Dallas, Julia, ed. George M. Dallas, Letters from London, 1856-1860. London: Richard Bentley, 1870.

Dallas, Susan, ed. Diary of George Mifflin Dallas, While United States Minister to Russia 1837-1839, and to England 1856-1861. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1892.

Jefferson F. Davis (Secretary of War)

Davis, William C. Jefferson Davis: The Man and His Hour. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.

A scholarly biography of Davis’ entire life.

Eaton, Clement. Jefferson Davis. New York: Free Press, 1977.

Davis, Jefferson. The Papers of Jefferson Davis. Edited by James T. McIntoch. 10 vols. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971.

James C. Dobbin (Secretary of the Navy)

James Guthrie (Secretary of the Treasury)

Samuel D. Hubbard (Postmaster General)

John Pendleton Kennedy (Secretary of the Navy)

Kennedy, John Pendleton. At Home and Abroad. New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons, 1872.

William Rufus De Vane King (Vice President)

William L. Marcy (Secretary of State)

Spencer, Ivor D. The Victor and the Spoils: A Life of William L. Marcy. Providence: Brown University Press, 1959.

Scribner, Robert L. "The Diplomacy of William L. Marcy, Secretary of State, 1853-1857." Ph.D. diss. University of Virginia, 1949.

Robert McClelland (Secretary of the Interior)

Alexander H. H. Stuart (Secretary of the Interior)

Major Issues in the Pierce Administration

Foreign Affairs (General)

Varg, Paul. United States Foreign Relations, 1820-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1979.

Ruiz, Ernesto Anibal. Geography and Diplomacy: The American Geographical and Statistical Society and the Geopolitical Background of American’s Foreign Policy, 1848-1861. Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1975.

Manifest Destiny

Weinberg, Albert K. Manifest Destiny: A Study of Nationalist Expansionism in American History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1935.

The classic study of Manifest Destiny.

Merk, Frederick. Manifest Destiny and Mission in American History: A Reinterpretation. New York: Knopf, 1963.

Merk, Frederick. The Monroe Doctrine and American Expansionism, 1843-1849. New York: Knopf, 1966.

Merk’s challenge to Weinberg.

The Ostend Manifesto

Rauch, Basil. American Interest in Cuba: 1848-1855. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Examines the events surrounding the Ostend Manifesto.

Ettinger, Amos A. The Mission to Spain of Pierre Soule, 1853-1855: A Study in the Cuban Diplomacy of the United States. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1932.

May, Robert E. John A Quitman: Old South Crusader. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.

Quitman was a filibuster in Cuba.

Matthew Perry and Japan

Wiley, Peter Booth and Korogi Ichiro. Yankees in the Land of the Gods: Commodore Perry and the Opening of Japan. New York: Viking, 1990.

Discussion of the Japanese and American side of this event.

Walworth, Arthur. Black Ships off Japan: The Story of Commodore Perry’s Expedition. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1966.

Perry, Matthew Calbraith. Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan. New York: AMS Press, 1967.

Perry, Matthew Calbraith. The Japan Expedition, 1852-1854, the Personal Journal of Commodore Matthew C. Perry. Edited by Roger Pineau. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968.

The authoritative edition of Matthew Perry’s journals.

The Crimean War

Goldfrank, David M. The Origins of the Crimean War. London: Longman, 1994.

A well-received work that is based largely on Russian archives.

Baumgart, Winfried. The Crimean War, 1853-56. London: Arnold; co-published by Oxford University Press, 1999.

Dowty, Alan. The Limits of American Isolation: The United States and the Crimean War. New York: New York University Press, 1971.

Examines the war under Pierce’s administration and conflicts concerning isolationism and expansionism.

Halicz, Emanuel. Danish Neutrality During the Crimean War, 1853-1856. Odense: Odense University Press, 1977.

The Gadsden Treaty

Garber, Paul Neff. The Gadsden Treaty. Philadelphia: Press of the University of Pennsylvania, 1923.

Deals with Pierce’s relations with Mexico.

Santa Anna. The Eagle: The Autobiography of Santa Anna. Edited by Anna Fears Crawford. Austin: State House Press, 1988.

Santa Anna sold the territory known as the Gadsden Purchase to the United States.

Johannsen, Robert W. To the Halls of the Montezumas: The Mexican War in the American Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

An extremely important analysis of the socio-cultural effects of the Mexican-American War.

The Reciprocity Treaty of 1854

Masters, Donald Campbell. The Reciprocity Treaty of 1854: Its History, its Relation to British Colonial and Foreign Policy and to the Development of Canadian Fiscal Autonomy. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1969.

Tansill, Charles C. The Canadian Reciprocity Treaty of 1854. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1922.

Barnes, James and Patience Barnes, eds. Private and Confidential: Letters from British Ministers in Washington to the Foreign Secretaries in London, 1844-67. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press, 1993.

Central America and William Walker

May, Robert E. The Southern Dream of a Caribbean Empire 1853-1861. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973.

Brown, Charles H. Agents of Manifest Destiny: The Lives and Times of the Filibusters. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Covers filibustering efforts in Cuba and Nicaragua.

Rosengarten, Frederic. Freebooters Must Die: The Life and Death of William Walker, the Most Notorious Filibuster of the Nineteenth Century. Wayne, Penn.: Haverford House, 1976.

Walker, William. The War in Nicaragua. 1860. Reprint, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Wolff, Gerald W. The Kansas Nebraska Bill: Party, Section, and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Revisionists Press, 1977.

Examines the internal politics of the Pierce administration during this event.

Johnson, Samuel A. The Battle Cry of Freedom: The New England Emigrant Aid Company in the Kansas Crusade. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1954.

The Emigrant Aid Company was one of the primary forces in the struggle for Kansas.

Gates, Paul Wallace. Fifty Million Acres: Conflicts over Kansas Land Policy, 1854-1890. New York: Atherton Press, 1966.

Emphasizes the vital importance of land policy.

Monaghan, Jay. Civil War on the Western Border, 1854-1865. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1955.

Nichols, Alice. Bleeding Kansas. New York: Oxford University Press, 1954.

A southern perspective of the situation.

Quarles, Benjamin. Allies for Freedom: Blacks and John Brown. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Brown was an abolitionist that launched an attack in Kansas in 1856 that killed 5 pro- slavery settlers.

Brown, John. The Life and Letters of John Brown, Liberator of Kansas and Martyr of Virginia. Edited by F.B. Sanborn. Boston: Robert Brothers, 1891.

Slavery

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

A detailed account of the history of slavery beginning with the arrival of the first slaves in the seventeenth century.

Nye, Russel B. Fettered Freedom: Civil Liberties and the Slavery Controversy, 1830-1860. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, rev. ed. 1963.

Examines American civil rights from both the abolitionists’ and the southern slave holders’ points of view.

Litwack, Leon F. North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

A comprehensive analysis with a detailed bibliography.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Honor and Violence in the Old South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

A valuable interpretation of Southern life and values; a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in History.

Campbell, Stanley. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1961.

The Underground Railroad was in full force during the 1850s.

Anti-Slavery Movement

Sewell, Richard H. Ballots for Freedom: Antislavery Politics in the United States, 1837-1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.

Gerteis, Louis S. Morality and Utility in American Antislavery Reform. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Dumond, Dwight L. Antislavery: The Crusade for Freedom in America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961.

A comprehensive study of the entire history of the movement.

Magdol, Edward. The Antislavery Rand and File: A Social Profile of the Abolitionists’ Constituency. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

Examines the important leaders of the abolitionist movement.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

A well-received account of Afro-American abolitionism.

Ripley, C. Peter, ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers. 5 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

A multi-volume collection of primary sources; Volume four covers the years 1847-1858.

Labor Movement

Ware, Norman. The Industrial Worker, 1840-1860: The Reaction of American Industrial Society to the Advance of the Industrial Revolution. Gloucester, Miss.: Peter Smith, 1959.

Judicial Issues and Appointments

Connor, Henry G. John Archibald Campbell. Cambridge, Mass.: n.p., 1920.

Abraham, Henry J. Justices, Presidents, and Senators: A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. Rev. ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.

Abraham covers Pierce's appointment of John Campbell to the Supreme Court.

Political Parties

Holt, Michael F. The Political Crisis of the 1850s. New York: Wiley, 1978.

Covers important information on politics and government from 1845-1861.

Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Gienapp, William E. The Origins of the Republican Party, 1852-1856. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Cooper, William Jr. The South and the Politics of Slavery, 1828-1856. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978.

A highly regarded historiography of antebellum politics.

Beals, Carleton. The Brassknuckle Crusade: The Great Know-Nothing Conspiracy: 1820-1860. New York: Hastings House, 1960.

Anbinder, Tyler Gregory. Nativism and Slavery: the Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U. S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on political parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.

Jackson, Carlton. Presidential Vetoes, 1792-1945. Athens: University of Georgia Press: 1967.

Elections

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.

Pierce Contemporaries

David Rice Atchison (Congressman)

Parrish, William E. David Rice Atchison of Missouri: Border Politician. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1961.

Nathaniel P. Banks (Speaker of the House)

Harrington, Fred Harvey. Fighting Politician: Major General Nathaniel P. Banks. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1948.

Thomas Hart Benton (Democratic Statesman)

Smith, Elbert B. Magnificent Missourian: The Life of Thomas Hart Benton. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1957.

More detailed and better documented than Chamber below.

Chamber, William Nisbet. Old Bullion Benton: Senator from the New West: Thomas Hart Benton, 1782-1858. Boston: Little Brown, 1956.

A briefer more "personal"’ biography of Benton.

Benton, Thomas Hart. Thirty Years View: Or, a History of the Workings of the American Government for Thirty Years, from 1820 to 1850. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1854.

Benton’s autobiography.

John Brown (Abolitionist)

See Major Issues for information concerning Brown.

James Buchanan (15th President of the United States)

Buchanan, James. The Works of James Buchanan. 12 vols. Edited by John Bassett Moore. 1908-1911. Reprint, New York: Antiquarian Press, 1960.

Klein, Philip S. President James Buchanan: A Biography. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962.

The standard "life" of Buchanan.

Binder, Frederick M. James Buchanan and the American Empire. Selinsgrove, Penn.: Susquehanna University Press, 1994.

Focuses on Buchanan’s foreign policy views both before and during his presidency.

Smith, Elbert B. The Presidency of James Buchanan. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1975.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of James Buchanan for more information.

Anthony Burns (Abolitionist)

Stevens, Emery. Anthony Burns: A History. Reprint. New York: Negro University Press, 1969.

Pease, William H. and Jane H. The Fugitive Slave Law and Anthony Burns: A Problem in Law Enforcement. Edited by Harold M. Hyman. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1975.

Lewis Cass (Congressman)

Woodford, Frank B. Lewis Cass: The Last Jeffersonian. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1950.

Henry Clay (Statesman; Whig leader)

Peterson, Merrill D. The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay and Calhoun. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

An overview of the three "big" Whigs.

Clay, Henry. Papers of Henry Clay. 11 vols. Edited by James F. Hopkins, et al. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1959-1992.

The authoritative collection of Clay papers.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. The Life of Henry Clay. Boston: Little, Brown, 1937.

The classic Clay biography.

Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: Norton, 1991.

The new standard Clay biography.

Dorothea Dix (Humanitarian)

Wilson, Dorothy Clarke. Stranger and Traveler: The Story of Dorothea Dix, American Reformer. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1975.

Stephen A. Douglas (Illinois Congressman)

Johannsen, Robert W. Stephen A. Douglas. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Milton, George Fort. The Eve of Conflict: Stephen A. Douglas and the Needless War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1934.

Frederick Douglass (Abolitionist)

McFeely, William. Frederick Douglass. New York: Norton Press, 1991.

Foner, Philip S. Frederick Douglass. New York: Citadel Press, 1964.

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, And American Slave. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Millard Fillmore (13th President of the United States)

Severance, Frank, ed. Millard Fillmore Papers. 2 vols. New York: Kraus Print, 1970.

Rayback, Robert. Millard Fillmore: Biography of a President. Buffalo: Buffalo Historical Society, 1959.

Fillmore’s only full biography.

Grayson, Benson Lee. The Unknown President: The Administration of Millard Fillmore. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981.

Smith, Elbert B. The Presidencies of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 1989.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of Millard Fillmore for more information.

John Charles Fremont (Explorer; Politician)

Chaffin, Tom. Pathfinder: John Charles Fremont and the Course of the American Empire. New York: Hill and Wang, 2002.

Bartlett, Ruhl Jacob. John C. Fremont and the Republican Party. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1910.

William Lloyd Garrison (Abolitionist)

Mayer, Henry. All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Merrill, Walter McIntosh. Against Wind and Time: A Biography of William Lloyd Garrison. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Garrison, William Lloyd. The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison. 6 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971-1981.

Horace Greeley (Editor of New York Tribune)

Isely, Jeter A. Horace Greeley and the Republican Party, 1853-1856, A Study of the New York Tribune. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Horace Greeley: Nineteenth-Century Crusader. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1953.

Greeley, Horace. Recollections of a Busy Life, Including Reminiscences of American Politics and Politicians from the Opening of the Missouri Contest to the Downfall of Slavery. 1869. Reprint, Miami: Mnemosyne Publishing Co., 1969.

John Parker Hale (1852 Presidential Election Candidate)

Sewell, Richard H. John P. Hale and the Politics of Abolition. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1965.

Horatio Seymour (New York Governor)

Mitchell, Stewart. Horatio Seymour of New York. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938.

Alexander Stephens (Georgia Congressman)

Schott, Thomas Edwin. Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia: A Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Davis, William C. The Union that Shaped the Confederacy: Robert Toombs and Alexander H. Stephens. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Stephens, Alexander. Reminiscences of Alexander H. Stephens. Edited by Myrta A. Avary. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1910.

Charles Sumner (Massachusetts Senator)

Donald, David. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. knopf, 1961.

Sumner, Charles. Charles Sumner: His Complete Works. New York: Negro University Press, 1969.

Volumes 4 to 6 cover Pierce’s administration.

Roger B. Taney (Chief Justice)

Lewis, Walker. Without Fear or Favor: A Biography of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

The standard biography of Taney.

Swisher, Carl Brent. The Taney Period, 1836-1864. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

A detailed survey of Taney’s tenure on the court.

Swisher, Carl B. Roger B. Taney. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

Smith, Charles W., Jr. Roger B. Taney: Jacksonian Jurist. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1936.

Smith and Swisher are two classic surveys of Taney. Swisher’s account covers Taney’s entire life, while Smith’s focuses mainly on Taney’s political and legal theories in the courtroom.

Zachary Taylor (12th President of the United States)

Bauer, Karl Jack. Zachary Taylor: Soldier, Planter, Statesman of the Old Southwest. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.

The standard biography of Taylor.

Smith, Elbert B. The Presidencies of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 1989.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of Zachary Taylor for more information.

Robert Toombs (Georgia Senator)

Phillips, Ulrich B. The Life of Robert Toombs. New York: B. Franklin Co., 1968.

Martin Van Buren (8th president of the United States)

Niven, John. Martin Van Buren and the Romantic Age of American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Cole, Donald B. Martin Van Buren and the American Political System. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cole and Niven are considered the two standard biographies of Van Buren.
 

Wilson, Major L. The Presidency of Martin Van Buren. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1984.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each President of the United States. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of Martin Van Buren for more information.

Daniel Webster (Statesman; Whig Leader)

Webster, Daniel. Papers of Daniel Webster. 14 vols. Edited by Charles M. Wiltse, et al. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. 1974-1989.

The authoritative collection of Webster papers.

Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York: Norton, 1997.

The new standard Webster biography.

Brown, Norman D. Daniel Webster and the Politics of Availability. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1969.

Nathans, Sydney. Daniel Webster and Jacksonian Democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

Bartlett, Irving H. Daniel Webster. New York: Norton, 1978.

Baxter, Maurice G. One and Inseparable: Daniel Webster and the Union. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Thurlow Weed (Whig Party Politician)

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. Thurlow Weed: Wizard of the Lobby. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1947.

Weed, Thurlow. Life of Thurlow Weed, Including His Autobiography and a Memoir. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1884.

Recent Publications

Bibliographies

Bisson, Wilfred J, comp. Franklin Pierce: A Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.

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