James Buchanan (1791 – 1868)

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Life in Brief: In the 1850s, the question of slavery divided the United States. Hopes ran high that the new President, "Old Buck," might be the man to avert national crisis. He failed entirely. During his administration, the Union broke apart, and when he… more life in brief »

Essays about James Buchanan

About His Administration

First Lady
Harriet Lane
Secretary of the Interior
Jacob Thompson (1857–1861)
Secretary of the Navy
Isaac Toucey (1857–1861)

Facts about James Buchanan

Term
:
15th President of the United States (1857 – 1861)
Born
:
April 23, 1791, Cove Gap (near Mercersburg), Pennsylvania
Political Party
:
Democrat
Died
:
June 01, 1868
Nickname
:
“Old Buck”
Education
:
Dickinson College (graduated 1809)
Religion
:
Presbyterian
Marriage
:
None
Children
:
Career
:
Lawyer
Buried
:
Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Writings

Mr. Buchanan’s Administration on the Eve of the Rebellion (1866); Works of James Buchanan (12 vols., 1908–1911), ed. by John Bassett Moore


Having determined not to become a candidate for reelection, I shall have no motive to influence my conduct in administering the Government except the desire ably and faithfully to serve my country and to live in grateful memory of my countrymen.
March 4, 1857

Citation Information

Consulting Editor

William Cooper

Professor Cooper is the Boyd Professor of History at Louisiana State University. His writings include:

The American South: A History (with Thomas T. Terrill, McGraw-Hill College, 3d., 2002)

Jefferson Davis: American (Alfred A. Knopf, 2000)

Liberty and Slavery: Southern Politics to 1860 (Alfred A. Knopf, 1983)

The South and the Politics of Slavery (Louisiana State University Press, 1978)

The Conservative Regime: South Carolina, 1877–1890 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1968)

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