Speaker: Margaret Chase Smith
Date: August 20, 1975
Smith was elected Republican Representative from Maine in 1940 and became the first female senator in 1950. In the Senate, Smith denounced McCarthy and supported many liberal programs while advocating for strong national defense. During the Johnson presidency, Smith supported medicare and civil rights legislation. However, she voted against many programs from the Johnson's War on Poverty. In 1964, Smith ran for Republican Presidential Nominee, but did poorly in the primaries. She maintained a pro-war stance during the entire Vietnam War.