Miller Center

Bibliography — Herbert Hoover (1874 - 1964)

Historical Context Papers / Memoirs Biographies
Administration Major Issues Elections
Contemporaries Recent Publications Bibliographies

Herbert Hoover

Historical Context

Goldberg, David J. Discontented America: The United States in the 1920s. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

A recent work which examines the social and political history of the 1920s, emphasizing the parts of American life that were most impacted by World War I.

Nash, Roderick. The Nervous Generation: American Thought, 1917-1930. Chicago: Rand-McNally & Co., 1970.

A general work on the American culture during the 1920s.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order, 1919-1933. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1957.

Explores the idea of "normalcy" and how it affected social and economic aspects of the 1920s and early 30s.

Leuchtenburg, William E. The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-1932. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.

Interprets the domestic and foreign affairs of the 1920s and early 30s.

Hicks, John D. Republican Ascendancy, 1921-1933. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1960.

Part of the New American Nation Series; its main focus is on the political and economic developments of the era; contains a valuable bibliography.

McCoy, Donald R. Coming of Age: The United States in the 1920s and 1930s. Baltimore: Penguin, 1973.

Covers the political, economic and diplomatic history of the United States, as well as important cultural and social developments during this time period.

Braeman, John et al., eds. Changes and Continuity in Twentieth-Century America: The 1920s. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1968.

Contains a series of essays by scholars relating to social, political, and intellectual topics of the 1920s.

Karl, Barry D. The Uneasy State: The United States from 1915 to 1945. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

Analysis of the political history of this time period.

Hoover Primary Sources

Hoover, Herbert. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Herbert Hoover : containing the public messages, speeches, and statements of the president, March 4, 1929 to ... March 4, 1933. 4 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974-1977.

Hoover, Herbert. State Papers and Other Public Writings of Herbert Hoover. Edited by William Starr Myers. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, & Co., Inc., 1934.

Hoover, Herbert. Press Conferences, March 5, 1929-March 3, 1933. Wilton, Conn.: National Micropublishing Corporation, 1933.

Hoover, Herbert. Proclamations and Executive Orders: Herbert Hoover, March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1933. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1974.

Hoover, Herbert. The Challenge to Liberty. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1934.

Hoover, Herbert. American Individualism. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, & Co., 1922.

These two books contain the political philosophy of the Hoover presidency.

Hoover, Herbert. Shall We Send Our Youth to War? New York: Coward-McCann, 1939.

Hoover, Herbert. Principles of Mining: Valuation, Organization, and Administration: Copper, Gold, Lead, Silver, Tin, and Zinc. New York: Hill, 1909.

For a fuller discussion of Hoover’s papers see the Public and Private Papers section of our web site.

Hoover Biographies

Nash, George H. The Life of Herbert Hoover. 2 vols. New York: W.W. Norton, 1983-1988.

The standard full biography of Hoover.

Nash, George H. Herbert Hoover and Stanford University. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University Press, 1988.

Examines Hoover’s relationship with the university, its presidents and leaders, and the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace that he founded.

Burner, David. Herbert Hoover: A Public Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

Considered the best one-volume biography.

Faushold, Martin L. The Presidency of Herbert Hoover Lawrence, Kans.: University Press of Kansas, 1985.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

Wilson, Joan Hoff. Herbert Hoover: Forgotten Progressive. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1975.

Focuses largely on Hoover’s presidency and his policies.

Lloyd, Craig. Aggressive Introvert: A Study of Herbert Hoover and Public Relations Management, 1912-1932. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1973.

Analyzes Hoover’s introvert personality and how it played out in his administration.

Wilson, Carol Green. Herbert Hoover: A Challenge for Today. New York: Evans Publishing Co., 1968.

Based on interviews with Hoover’s associates.

Robinson, Edgar Eugene and Vaughn David Bornet. Herbert Hoover: President of the United States. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1975.

Robinson is an academic friend of Hoover’s.

Best, Gary Dean. Herbert Hoover: The Post Presidential Years, 1933-1964. Stanford Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.

Best, Gary Dean. The Politics of American Individualism: Herbert Hoover in Transition, 1918-1921. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Valuable for an understanding of Hoover’s thought and ideologies.

Nash, Lee, ed. Understanding Herbert Hoover: Ten Perspectives. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1987.

Hoover, Herbert. A Boyhood in Iowa. New York: Aventine Press, 1931.

Hoover, Herbert. The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover. 3 vols. New York: Macmillan Co., 1951, 1952.

Hoover Administration

Charles Curtis (Vice President)

Unrau, William E. Mixed-Bloods and Tribal Dissolution: Charles Curtis and the Quest for Indian Identity. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1989.

Henry L. Stimson (Secretary of State)

Schmitz, David F. Henry L. Stimson: The First Wise Man. Wilmington, Del.: SR Books, 2001.

Hodgson, Godfrey. The Colonel: The Life and wars of Henry Stimson, 1867-1950. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1990.

Examines his public and private life.

Morison, Elting E. Turmoil and Tradition: A Study of the Life and Times of Henry L. Stimson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1960.

A complete examination of Stimson.

Stimson, Henry L. and McGeorge Bundy. On Active Duty in Peace and War. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1947.

Andrew W. Mellon (Secretary of Treasury)

O’Connor, Harvey. Mellon’s Millions, The Biography of a Fortune: The Life and Times of Andrew W. Mellon. New York: John Day Company, 1933.

Mellon, Andrew W. Taxation: The People’s Business. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1924.

Ogden Livingston Mills (Secretary of Treasury)

Mills, Ogden Livingston. What of Tomorrow? New York: Macmillan, 1935.

An evaluation of the New Deal.

Mills, Ogden Livingston. Liberalism Fights On. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1936.

James W. Good (Secretary of War)

Patrick Jay Hurley (Secretary of War)

Buhite, Russell D. Patrick J. Hurley and American Foreign Policy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1973.

Lohbeck, Don. Patrick J. Hurley. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1956.

Liang, Chin-tung. Patrick Hurley: The China Mediator. New York: Published under the sponsorship of the Center of Asian Studies, St. John’s University, 1976.

William DeWitt Mitchell (Attorney General)

Walter F. Brown (Postmaster General)

Charles F. Adams ( Secretary of the Navy)

Ray L. Wilbur (Secretary of the Interior)

Wilbur, Ray Lyman. Memoirs, 1874-1949. Edited by Edgar Eugene Robinson and Paul Carroll Edwards. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1960.

Wilbur, Ray Lyman and Arthur Mastick Hyde. The Hoover Policies. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1937.

Arthur M. Hyde (Secretary of the Interior)

Robert P. Lamont (Secretary of Commerce)

Roy D. Chapin (Secretary of Commerce)

Long, J.C. Roy D. Chapin. N.p. 1945.

James J. Davis (Secretary of Labor)

Karlsrud, Robert Allen. "The Hoover Labor Department: A Study in Bureaucratic Divisiveness." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1972.

Dudley, John Bruce. "James J. Davis, Secretary of Labor under Three Presidents, 1921-1930." PhD. diss., Ball State University, 1972.

Davis, James J. The Iron Puddler: My Life in the Rolling Mills and What Came of It. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1922.

William N. Doak (Secretary of Labor)

Charles Evans Hughes (Chief Justice Appointment)

Parrish, Michael E. The Hughes Court: Justices, Rulings and Legacy. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2002.

Hendel, Samuel. Charles Evans Hughes and the Supreme Court. New York: Columbia University King’s Crown Press, 1951.

Pusey, Merlo John. Charles Evans Hughes. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Co., 1951.

Hughes, Charles Evans. The Autobiographical Notes of Charles Evans Hughes. Edited by David J. Danelski and Joseph S. Tulchin. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973.

Owen Josephus Roberts (Supreme Court Appointment)

Leonard, Charles A. A Search for a Judicial Philosophy: Mr. Justice Roberts and the Constitutional Revolution of 1937. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1971.

Roberts, Owen J. The Court and the Constitution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951.

Roberts, Owen J. Freedom and Union. New York: Harper, 1950.

Benjamin Nathan Cardozo (Supreme Court Appointment)

Kaufman, Andrew L. Cardozo. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,1998.

Polenberg, Richard. The World of Benjamin Cardozo: Personal Values and the Judicial Process. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan. Selected Writings of Benjamin Nathan Cardozo. New York: Fallon Pub., 1947.

Major Issues in the Hoover Administration

Foreign Affairs (General)

Adler, Selig. The Uncertain Giant, 1921-1941: American Foreign Policy between the Wars. London: Collier-Macmillan Ltd., 1965.

A well-received book with an extensive, helpful bibliography.

Ferrell, Robert H. American Diplomacy in the Great Depression: Hoover-Stimson Foreign Policy, 1929-1933. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1957.

A definitive book on Hoover’s foreign policy.

Ellis, L. Ethan. Republican Foreign Policy, 1921-1933. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1968.

A useful study for Hoover’s Latin American and Depression related policy.

Randall, Steven. United States Foreign Oil Policy, 1919-1948: For Profits and Security. Kingston, Canada: McGill-Queens University Press, 1985.

Covers the Open Door economic policy and American business overseas.

Ostrower, Gary B. Collective Insecurity: The United States and the League of Nations during the Early Thirties. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1979.

Focuses on the ineffectiveness of the League.

Wilson, John R. M. Herbert Hoover and the Armed Forces: A Study of Presidential Attitudes and Policy. New York: Garland, 1993.


Costigliola, Frank. Awkward Dominion: American Political, Economic, and Cultural Relations with Europe, 1919-1933. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Demonstrates how American foreign policy was led from an economic perspective. Includes information on peacemaking, disarmament, Mussolini and economic settlements.

Maier, Charles S. Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade After World War I. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Based on the study of public and private papers in France, Germany, and Italy.

Blumenthal, Henry. Illusion and Reality in Franco-American Diplomacy, 1914-1945. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.

A complete study of Franco-American diplomacy based on French and American documents.

Lochner, Louis Paul. Herbert Hoover and Germany. New York: Macmillan, 1960.

Schmitz, David F. The United States and Fascist Italy, 1922-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Largely focuses on U.S. policies toward Bolshevism and Mussolini.

Filene, Peter G. Americans and the Soviet Experiment, 1917-1933. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Hoover’s views are abundant in this study.

Wilson, Joan Hoff. Ideology and Economics: U.S. Relations with the Soviet Union, 1918-1933. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1974.

Follows the events and diplomacy between the U.S. and Soviet Union after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.

Pease, Neal. Poland, the United States, and the Stabilization of Europe, 1919-1933. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Mainly examines Polish-American relations and diplomacy.

Lerski, George J., comp. Herbert Hoover and Poland: Documentary History of a Friendship. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1977.

Latin America

De Conde, Alexander. Herbert Hoover’s Latin-American Policy. New York: Octagon, 1970.

Classic study of the Good Neighbor policy.

Wood, Bryce. The Making of the Good Neighbor Policy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Discusses Hoover’s initiation of the non-intervention policy in Latin America.

Newton, Wesley Phillips. The Perilous Sky: U.S. Aviation Diplomacy and Latin America, 1919-1931. Coral Gables: University of Miami Press, 1978.

Focuses mainly on the aviation policies concerning the Pan American Airways.

Seidel, Robert N. Progressive Pan Americanism: Development and United States Policy toward South America, 1906-1931. Ithaca: Latin American Studies Program, Cornell University, 1973.

Discusses U.S. trade in Latin America during the 1920s.

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean

Bodayla, Stephen D. Financial Diplomacy: The United States and Mexico, 1919-1933. New York: Garland Publishing, 1987.

Hoffman, Abraham. Unwanted Mexican Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation Pressures, 1929-1939. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1974.

Focuses on Los Angeles County, but also studies Mexican immigration in general and the U.S. restrictionist policies.

Kamman, William. A Search for Stability: United States Diplomacy toward Nicaragua, 1925-1933. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1968.

Examines the U.S. attempts to stabilize Nicaragua.

Munro, Dana C. The United States and the Caribbean Republics, 1921-1933. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.

Munro was heavily involved in the State Department’s policy making in the Caribbean during this time period.

Spector, Robert M. W. Cameron Forbes and the Hoover Commissions to Haiti, 1930. Lanham: University Press of America, 1985.

Studies the goals, conclusions and membership of the Forbes Commissions during the United States occupation of Haiti.


Wheeler, Gerald E. Prelude to Pearl Harbor: The United States Navy and the Far East, 1921-1931. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1963.

Concentrates on the time period between the Washington Naval Conference and Manchuria.

Thorne, Christopher. The Limits of Foreign Policy: The West, the League and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1931-1933. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1973.

An unbiased account of the success of Japanese aggression.

Barnhart, Michael A. Japan Prepares for Total War: The Search for Economic Security, 1919-1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Explores Japan’s growth and government policies leading up to Pearl Harbor.

Crowley, James B. Japan’s Quest for Autonomy: National Security and Foreign Policy, 1930-1938. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.

Examines U.S. relations with a hegemonic Japan.

Rappaport, Armin. Henry L. Stimson and Japan, 1931-33. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

A detailed account of Stimson’s reactions and policies to issues in the Far East.

The Manchurian Crisis

Doenecke, Justus D., comp. When the Wicked Rise: American Opinion Makers and the Manchurian Crisis of 1931-33. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1984.

Examines reactions of peace groups, businessmen, religious organizations and other important groups to Japanese aggression in the 1930s.

Iriye, Akira, and Warren I. Cohen, eds. American, Chinese, and Japanese Perspectives on Wartime Asia, 1931-1949. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1990.

A collection of essays, including ones on the Manchurian Crisis.

Africa and the Middle East

Baram, Philip J. The Department of State in the Middle East, 1919-1945. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978.

Evaluates the ways in which the U.S. attempted to become the dominant power in the region.

Speiser. E.A. The United States and the Near East. Rev. ed. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1971.

Examines the time period between the world wars.

International Organizations

Dunne, Michael. The United States and the World Court, 1920-35. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988.

A valuable examination of the U.S. relations with the Permanent Court of International Justice; contains a valuable bibliography.

Walters, F.P. A History of the League of Nations. 1952. Reprint, London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

The author is the former League secretary-general.

Arms Control

Burns, Richard Dean, et. Al. Disarmament in Perspective: An Analysis of Selected Arms Control and Disarmament Agreements between the World Wars. 4 vols. California State College at Los Angeles Foundation, 1968.

A very detailed reference on arms limitation and disarmament.

Kaufman, Robert Gordon. Arms Control during the Pre-Nuclear Era: The United States and Naval Limitation between the Two World Wars. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

Includes valuable information on the London Conference of 1930.

O’Connor, Raymond G. Perilous Equilibrium: the United States and the London Naval Conference of 1930. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1962.

Economics (Foreign)

Cohen, Warren I. Empire without Tears: America’s Foreign Relations, 1921-1933. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.

Focuses on economics and internationalism.

Aldcroft, Derek H. From Versailles to Wall Street, 1921-1929. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Examines the United States in the global economy.

Brandes, Joseph. Herbert Hoover and Economic Diplomacy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1962.

Discusses Hoover’s promotion of national economic interest.

Wilson, Joan Hoff. American Business and Foreign Policy, 1920-1933. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1971.

Discusses Hoover’s foreign policy and relations between business and international affairs.

Herzberg, James R. A Broken Bond: American Economic Policies toward Japan, 1931-1941. New York: Garland, 1988.

Includes information on the economic sanctions against Japan, which were applied by Hoover.

Kent, Bruce. The Spoils of War: The Politics, Economics, and Diplomacy of Reparations, 1918-1932. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Focuses primarily on the German economy and interests and secondarily on the British and French economic cases.

Schuker, Stephen A. American "Reparations" to Germany, 1919-1933: Implications for the Third World Debt Crisis. Princeton: Departments of Economics, Princeton University, 1988.

Connects German borrowing with the third world debt crisis that occurred more recently.

McNeil, William Charles. American Money and the Weimar Republic: Economics and Politics on the Eve of the Great Depression. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Schuker and McNeil study the effect of American bank loans on German diplomacy and domestic policies.

Economics (Domestic)

Fearon, Peter. War, Prosperity, and Depression: The U.S. Economy, 1917-1945. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987.

A valuable economic history of the time period with a helpful bibliography.

Barber, William. From New Era to New Deal: Herbert Hoover, the Economists, and American Economic Policy, 1921-1933. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1985.

The majority of the book focuses on Hoover’s presidential years.

Potter, Jim. The American Economy between the World Wars. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

Focuses on the causes of the Great Depression and examines the success of the New Deal.

Himmelberg, Robert F. The Origins of the National Recovery Administration: Business, Government, and the Trade Association Issue, 1921-1933. New York: Fordham University Press, 1976.

Examines business-government relations and how these relations affected the Great Depression and its aftermath.

Rosen, Elliot A. Hoover, Roosevelt, and the Brains Trust: From Depression to New Deal. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

Focuses largely on the years 1931-1932.

Olson, James Stuart. Herbert Hoover and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1931-1933. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1977.

The Crash

Klingaman, William K. 1929: The Year of the Great Crash. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Focuses on the national mood and the significant persons involved in this event.

Galbraith, John Kenneth. The Great Crash. 1929. rev. ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1979.

A classic study of this event.

Sobel, Robert. Herbert Hoover at the Onset of the Great Depression, 1929-1930. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1975.

Examines the crash and its immediate consequences.

The Great Depression

Garraty, John A. The Great Depression: An Inquiry into the Causes, Course, and Consequences of the Worldwide Depression of the Nineteen-Thirties, as Seen by Contemporaries and in the Light of History. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986.

A general account of the Great Depression that includes information on the economic, social and public policy aspects of this time period.

Watkins, T.H. The Great Depression: America in the 1930s. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1993.

Focuses largely on the social atmosphere of the Great Depression years.

Bernstein, Michael A. The Great Depression: Delayed Recovery and Economic Change in America, 1929-1939. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Concentrates on the length and severity of the Great Depression.

Kindleberger, Charles P. The World in Depression, 1929-1939. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.

A well-received narrative that largely blames the United States for the Depression.

Friedman, Milton and Anna Jacobson Schwartz. The Great Contraction, 1929-1933. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965.

An expanded reprint of the seventh chapter of Friedman’s A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960.

Liebovich, Louis. Bylines in Despair: Herbert Hoover, the Great Depression, and the U.S. News Media. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1994.

Based on Hoover’s press conferences, radio addresses, newspaper articles and other forms of Hoover and media correspondence.

Relief and Unemployment

Singleton, Jeff. The American Dole: Unemployment Relief and the Welfare State in the Great Depression. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Studies the relief offered during the Great Depression prior to the New Deal.

Poppendieck, Janet. Breadline Knee-Deep in Wheat: Food Assistance in the Great Depression. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1986.

Examines the origins of the national food assistance policy that developed during the Great Depression.

Brown, Josephine Chapin. Public Relief, 1929-1939. New York: Henry Holt, 1940.

Pruette, Lorine. Women Workers through the Great Depression. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

Smoot-Hawley Tariff

Schattschneider, E.E. Politics, Pressures and the Tariff: A Study of Free Enterprise in Pressure Politics, as Shown in the 1929-1930 Revision of the Tariff. 1935. Reprint, Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1963.

The Banking Crisis

Kennedy, Susan Estebrook. The Banking Crisis of 1933. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1973.

Examines the closing of the entire banking system during the presidential transition of Hoover and Roosevelt.

Labor Issues

Zieger, Robert. Republicans and Labor, 1919-1929. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1969.

Discusses the labor-management problems of the 1920s.

Bernstein, Irving. The Lean Years: A History of the American Worker, 1920-1933. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1960.

Examines the relationship between Hoover and the labor workers.

Agrarian Issues

Shover, John. Cornbelt Rebellion: The Farmer’s Holiday Association. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1965.

Describes one of the many rebellions carried out because of the Depression.

Koerselman, Gary Harlan. "Herbert Hoover and the Farm Crisis of the Twenties: A Study of the Commerce Department’s Efforts to Solve the Agricultural Depression, 1921-1928." Ph.D. diss., Northern Illinois University, 1971.

Important for understanding the background of the crash in 1929.

Guy, Duane F. "The Influence of Agriculture on the Tariff Act of 1930. Ph.D. diss., University of Kansas, 1964.

Woodruff, Nan Elizabeth. As Rare as Rain: Federal Relief in the Great Southern Drought of 1930-31. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.

Concentrates on the role of the Red Cross in this crisis.

Race Relations/Civil Rights

Lisio, Donald J. Hoover, Blacks, & Lily-Whites: A Study of Southern Strategies. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Examines Hoover’s racial attitudes and policies.

Sherman, Richard B. The Republican Party and Black America: From McKinley to Hoover, 1896-1933. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1973.

Studies the racial policies of this time period and how they evolved within the Republican Party.

White, Walter. A Man Called White: The Autobiography of Walter White. New York: Viking Press, 1948.

White was an NAACP leader during Hoover’s administration.

Patton, Gerald W. War and Race: The Black Officer in the Military, 1915-1941. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Kelly, Lawrence C. The Navajo Indians and Federal Indian Policy, 1900-1935. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1968.

Analyzes Indian policy during this time and largely focuses on the Navajos, the largest Indian tribe in the nation.

Social Issues (General)

Chambers, Clarke A. Seedtime of Reform: American Social Service and Social Action, 1918-1933. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1963.

Includes child protection reforms, women’s rights, immigration, and health and old-age security programs.


Behr, Edward. Prohibition: Thirteen Years that Changed America. New York: Arcade Publishing, 1996.

Examination of the origins, politics and people involved in the Prohibition era.

Kyvig, David E. Repealing National Prohibition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Mainly examines the organized anti-prohibitionists.

Clark, Norman H. Deliver Us from Evil: An Interpretation of the Prohibition Movement. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1976.

A more recent and well-received interpretation of the prohibition movement and the culture surrounding it.

Radio Broadcasting

Rosen, Philip T. The Modern Stentors: Radio Broadcasters and the Federal Government, 1920-1934. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980.


Swain, Donald C. Federal Conservation Policy, 1921-1933. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.

Muscle Shoals/Hydro-Electric Power

Hubbard, Preston J. Origins of the TVA: The Muscle Shoals Controversy, 1920-1932. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1961.

A valuable study of the numerous Muscle Shoals bills introduced in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Stevens, Joseph E. Hoover Dam: An American Adventure. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988.

Discusses the construction of the dam.

Moeller, Beverley Bowen. Phil Swing and Boulder Dam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Swing was the California Congressman who fought to win congressional approval for the building of Hoover Dam.

The Bonus March

Daniels, Roger. The Bonus March: An Episode of the Great Depression. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Co., 1971.

Examines the passage of the bonus payment for veterans and its implications.

Lisio, Donald J. The President and Protest: Hoover, Conspiracy and the Bonus Riot. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1974.

Draws heavily from Hoover’s presidential papers and the Hoover library; contains a detailed bibliography.

Killigrew, John W. The Impact of the Great Depression on the Army, 1929-1936. New York: Garland, 1979.

Politics and Political Parties

Krog, Carl E. and William R. Tanner, eds. Herbert Hoover and the Republican Era: A Reconsideration. Lanham: University Press of America, 1984.

A collection of essays on Hoover and the Republican Party.

Schwarz, Jordan A. The Interregnum of Despair: Hoover, Congress, and the Depression. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970.

Analyzes the congressional response to the Great Depression and the relations between Hoover and Congress during this era.

Burner, David. The Politics of Provincialism: The Democratic Party in Transition, 1919-1932. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1968.

The story of the Democrats’ transition from a rural- supported party to an immigrant and urban-supported party.

Anderson, Kristi. The Creation of a Democratic Majority: 1928-1936. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U. S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Brief essays on political parties from the Federalists to the 1992-2001 Reform party.


Lichtman, Allen J. Prejudice and Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.

A quantitative study focusing largely on religion and the role it played in the 1928 election.

Moore, Edmund A. A Catholic Runs for President: The Campaign of 1928. New York: Ronald, 1956.

Claims that Catholicism was the key issue in the 1928 election.

Bornet, Vaughn Davis. Labor Politics in a Democratic Republic: Moderation, Division, and Disruption in the Presidential Election of 1928. Washington, D.C.: Spartan Books, Inc., 1964.

Examines the election in general, and specifically focuses on the importance of organized labor and the Communist party in the election.

Silva, Ruth C. Rum, Religion, and Votes: 1928 Re-Examined. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962.

Statistical analysis of the voters and their votes.

Webber, Michael J. New Deal Fat Cats: Business, Labor, and Campaign Finance in the 1936 Presidential Election. New York: Fordham University Press, 2000.

Evaluates the ways in which different parts of society contributed to the election of 1932.

Oulahan, Richard. The Man Who…; the Story of the 1932 Democratic National Convention. New York: Dial Press, 1971.

Hoover Contemporaries

Henry Fountain Ashurst (Arizona Senator)

Ashurst, Henry Fountain. A Many-Colored Toga: The Diary of Henry Fountain Ashurst. Edited by George F. Sparks. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1962.

Alben W. Barkley (Kentucky Senator)

Barkley, Alben W. That Reminds Me. Garden City: Doubleday, 1954.

Bernard M. Baruch

Schwarz, Jordan A. The Speculator: Bernard M. Baruch in Washington, 1917-1965. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

William E. Borah (Idaho Senator)

Borah, William Edgar. American Problems: A Selection of Speeches and Prophecies by William E. Borah. New York: Duffield, 1924.

Ashby, LeRoy. The Spearless Leader: Senator Borah and the Progressive Movement in the 1920s. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972.

Maddox, Robert James. William E. Borah and American Foreign Policy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.

McKenna, Marian C. Borah. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961.

Both Maddox and McKenna focus on Borah’s influence on foreign policy in the 1920s.

Johnson, Claudius Osborne. Borah of Idaho. New York: Longmans, Green, 1936.

The classic "life" of Borah.

Claude Bowers (Journalist; Historian)

Bowers, Claude. My Life: The Memoirs of Claude Bowers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962.

Heywood Broun (Journalist)

O’Connor, Richard. Heywood Braun: A Biography. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1975.

Theodore E. Burton (Ohio Senator)

Crissey, Forrest. Theodore E. Burton: American Statesman. Cleveland: World Publishing, 1956.

Arthur Capper (Publisher; Governor of Kansas)

Socolofsky, Homer E. Arthur Capper: Publisher, Politician, and Philanthropist. Lawrence: University Press, of Kansas, 1962.

Edward P. Costigan (Colorado Senator; Senate Leader on Depression Relief Matters)

Greenbaum, Fred. Fighting Progressive: A Biography of Edward P. Costigan. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1971.

James Couzens (Michigan Senator)

Barnard, Harry. Independent Man: The Life of Senator James Couzens. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1958.

Charles Dawes (Ambassador to Great Britain)

Timmons, Bascom N. Portrait of an American: Charles G. Dawes. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1953.

Carter Glass (Virginia Senator)

Smith, Rixey and Norman Beasley. Carter Glass: A Biography. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1939.

Palmer, James Edward, Jr. Carter Glass: Unreconstructed Rebel. Roanoke: The Institute of American Biography, 1938.

Glass, Carter. An Adventure in Constructive Finance. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1927.

Thomas P. Gore (Oklahoma Senator)

Billington, Monroe Lee. Thomas P. Gore: The Blind Senator from Oklahoma. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1967.

William Green (AF of L President)

Phelan, Craig. William Green: Biography of a Labor Leader. Albany: State University of New York press, 1989.

Armand Hammer

Weinberg, Steve. Armand Hammer: The Untold Story. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989.

Carlisle, Rodney P. Hearst and the New Deal: The Progressive as Reactionary. New york: Garland, 1979.

Cordell Hull (Tennessee Senator)

Hull, Cordell. The Memoirs of Cordell Hull. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1948.

William L. Hutcheson (Leader of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters)

Raddock, Maxwell C. Portrait of an American Labor Leader: William L. Hutcheson. New York: Institute of Social Research, 1955.

Charles A. Jonas (North Carolina Congressman)

Jones, Stephen. Charles A. Jonas: Hoover Republican Congressman of North Carolina. Enid, Oklahoma: Dougherty Press, 1985.

Jesse H. Jones (Hoover Appointee to the RFC Board)

Timmons, Bascom N. Jesse H. Jones: The Man and the Statesman. New York: Henry Holt, 1956.

Robert La Follette (Wisconsin Senator)

La Follette, Robert M. La Follette’s Autobiography: A Personal Narrative of Political Experiences. Madison: La Follette Publishing Co., 1913.

La Follette, Bella Case and Fola La Follette. Robert M. La Follette, June 14, 1885-June 18, 1924. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Co., 1953.

Both books show La Follette’s opposition to Taft and La Follette’s role in the creation on the Progressive organization.

Irvine Luther Lenroot (Confidant of Hoover’s)

Margulies, Herbert F. Senator Lenroot of Wisconsin: A Political Biography, 1900-1929. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1977.

Walter Lippman (Journalist)

Steel, Ronald. Walter Lippman and the American Century. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.

Douglas MacArthur (Chief of Staff)

James, D. Clayton. The Years of MacArthur. 3 vols. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1970-1985.

Definitive biography of MacArthur.

George W. Norris (Nebraska Senator)

Lowitt, Richard. George W. Norris: The Persistence of a Progressive, 1913-1933. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.

Norris, George W. Fighting Liberal: The Autobiography of George W. Norris. New York: Macmillan, 1945.

Tasker L. Oddie (Nevada Senator)

Chan, Loren Briggs. Sagebrush Statesman: Tasker L. Oddie of Nevada. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1973.

Nils A. Olsen (Key Employee of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics)

Lowitt, Richard, ed. Journal of a Tamed Bureaucrat: Nils A. Olsen and the BAE, 1925-1935. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1980.

George Wharton Pepper (Pennsylvania Senator)

Pepper, George Wharton. Philadelphia Lawyer: An Autobiography. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1944.

Gifford Pinchot (Conservationist)

Pinchot, Gifford. Breaking New Ground. Commemorative ed. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1998.

Miller, Char. Gifford Pinchot and the making of Modern Environmentalism. Washington, D.C.: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 2001.

Pinkett, Harold T. Gifford Pinchot: Private and Public Forester. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970.

Key Pittman (Nevada Senator)

Glad, Betty. Key Pittman: The Tragedy of a Senate Insider. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

William Vezie Pratt (Commander in Chief of Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations)

Wheeler, Gerald E. Admiral William Vezie Pratt, U.S. Navy: A Sailor’s Life. Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Division, Department of the Navy, 1974.

Henry Thomas Rainey (Illinois Congressman)

Waller, Robert A. Rainey of Illinois: A Political Biography, 1903-1934. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.

Sam Rayburn (Texas Congressman)

Champagne, Anthony. Congressman Sam Rayburn. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1984.

Julius Rosenwald (confidant of Hoover)

Werner, M.R. Julius Rosenwald: The Life of a Practical Humanitarian. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1939.

Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (President of General Motors)

Sloan, Alfred P., Jr. My Years with General Motors. Edited by John McDonald and Catherine Stevens. Garden City: Doubleday, 1964.

Al Smith (1928 Presidential Candidate)

Neal, Donn C. The World beyond the Hudson: Alfred E. Smith and National Politics, 1918-1928. New York: garland Pub., 1983.

Handlin, Oscar. Al Smith and His America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.

A short biography of the first Roman Catholic to run for president.

Josephson, Matthew, and Hannah Josephson. Al Smith: Hero of the Cities: A Political Portrait Drawing on the Papers of Frances Perkins. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.

Harlan Fiske Stone (Supreme Court Justice)

Mason, Alpheus T. Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law. New York: Viking, 1956.

Renstrom, Peter G. The Stone Court: Justices, Rulings and Legacy. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2001.

Part of ABC-CLIO’s Supreme Court Series; focuses specifically on the time when Stone was a justice and the legacy he left.

Claude A. Swanson (Virginia Senator)

Ferrell, Henry C. Claude A. Swanson of Virginia: A Political Biography. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1985.

William Taft (Chief Justice of the Supreme Court)

Pringle, Henry F. The Life and Times of William Howard Taft: A Biography. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1939.

Taft, William H. The Collected Works of William Howard Taft. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001-.

See online bibliography of William Howard Taft for more information.

Arthur H. Vandenburg (Michigan Senator)

Tompkins, C. David. Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: The Evolution of a Modern Republican, 1884-1945. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1970.

Robert F. Wagner (New York Senator)

Huthmacher, Joseph J. Senator Robert F. Wagner and the Rise of Urban Liberalism. New York: Atheneum, 1968.

Burton K. Wheeler (Montana Senator)

Wheeler, Burton K. Yankee from the West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1962.

Recent Publications

Clements, Kendrick A. Hoover, Conservation, and Consumerism: Engineering the Good Life. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000.

Allen, Anne Beiser. An Independent Woman: The Life of Lou Henry Hoover. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.


O’Brien, Patrick G., comp. Herbert Hoover: A Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.

Burns, Richard D., comp. Herbert Hoover: A Bibliography of His Times and Presidency. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources Inc., 1991.