Miller Center

Bibliography — Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924)

Historical Context Papers / Memoirs Biographies
Administration Major Issues Elections
Contemporaries Recent Publications Bibliographies

Woodrow Wilson

Historical Context

Cooper, John Milton, Jr. Pivotal Decades: The United States, 1900-1920. New York: W. W. Norton: 1990.

Cashman, Sean Davis. America in the Age of the Titans. New York: New York University Press,1988.

A general history of the United States from the accession of Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency in 1901 to the end of Woodrow Wilson’s administration in 1920.

Milkis, Sidney M. and Jerome M. Mileur, eds. Progressivism and the New Democracy. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.

Collection of essays on the Progressive period.

Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to FDR. New York: Knopf, 1955.

"Classic" history of the Progressive period; awarded the Pulitzer Prize for History in 1956.

Kennan, George Frost. American Diplomacy, 1900-1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Includes eight lectures Kennan gave at the University of Chicago in 1950. Covers American diplomacy from the Spanish-American War through the Second World War.

Hawley, Ellis W. The Great War and a Search for a Modern Order: A History of the American People and Their Institutions, 1917-1933. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1979.

Gould, Lewis L. Reform and Regulation: American Politics, 1900-1916. New York: Wiley, 1978.

A concise survey of domestic politics in the Progressive Era.

Wiebe, Robert. Businessmen and Reform: A Study of the Progressive Movement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962.

An examination of Progressivism through the lens of the business community.

Wilson Primary Sources

Wilson, Woodrow. The Papers of Woodrow Wilson. 69 vols. Edited by Arthur S. Link. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1966-1994.

The authoritative collection of Wilson papers. Includes correspondence, scrapbooks, notebooks, class notes, drafts of undergraduate essays, articles, books, lecture notes, drafts of speeches, and official materials of many kinds.

Richardson, James D., ed. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents. 20 vols. Washington: Bureau of National Literature and Art, 1917.

Contains complete texts of inauguration addresses, proclamations, executive orders and other state papers.

Wilson, Woodrow. Woodrow Wilson’s Own Story. Edited by Donald Day. Boston: Little, Brown, 1952.

A compilation of Wilson quotations and writings arranged chronologically so as to tell his life story in his own words.

Wilson, Woodrow. A History of the American People. 5 vols. New York: Harper, 1902.

Wilson, Woodrow. Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1885.

Wilson, Woodrow. Constitutional Government in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 1908.

Wilson, Woodrow. The State: Elements of Historical and Practical Politics: A Sketch of Institutional History and Administration. Boston: D.C. Heath, 1889.

Wilson, a prolific writer, authored a number of books in his lifetime. The four works above are especially useful for understanding his views on politics and government.

For a fuller discussion of Wilson’s papers see the Public and Private Papers section of our website.

Wilson Biographies

Link, Arthur Stanley. Wilson. 5 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947-1965.

A monumental biography of Wilson; incomplete, as Link chose to devote the final years of his life to the completion of The Papers. Link’s work covers Wilson’s life through 1917 and the declaration of war on Germany.

Clements, Kendrick. A. Woodrow Wilson, World Statesman. Boston: Twayne, 1987.

Considered by many to be the best single-volume biography of Wilson.

Heckscher, August. Woodrow Wilson. New York: Scribner’s, 1991.

First full-scale biography based on the Wilson papers and letters. Perhaps more accessible for general readers than Clements above.

Brands, H.W. Woodrow Wilson. New York: Times Books, 2003.

From the American Presidents Series, a project dedicated to producing brief biographical treatments of each U.S. President. The volumes are typically less than 200 pages. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. serves as Series Editor.

Walworth, Arthur. Woodrow Wilson. 2 vols. 3d ed. rev. Baltimore: Penguin Books Inc., 1978.

Originally published in 1958; awarded the Pulitzer Prize.

Blum, John Morton. Woodrow Wilson and the Politics of Morality. Boston: Little, Brown, 1956.

Brief, but notable biography on Wilson.

Baker, Ray Stannard. Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters. 8 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1927-1939.

A "classic" biography of Wilson by his hand-picked biographer.

Hoover, Herbert. The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson. 1958. Reprint, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

The only significant study of a President by a former President.

Weinstein, Edwin A. Woodrow Wilson: A Medical and Psychological Biography. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981.

George, Alexander L and Juliette L. George. Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House: A Personality Study. New York: J. Day, 1956.

George’s book argues that Wilson’s erratic behavior was due to psychological impairment connected to his father, while Weinstein argues that cerebrovascular illness caused unusual behavior.

Smith, Gene. When the Cheering Stopped: The Last Years of Woodrow Wilson. New York: Morrow, 1964.


Clements, Kendrick A. The Presidency of Woodrow Wilson. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.


Mulder, John M. Woodrow Wilson: The Years of Preparation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Considered the standard work on Wilson’s youth and education. Part of the "Supplementary Volumes to The Papers of Woodrow Wilson" series and thus vetted by The Papers’ Editorial Advisory Committee.

Thorsen, Niels Aage. The Political Thought of Woodrow Wilson, 1875-1910. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988.

Part of the "Supplementary Volumes to The Papers of Woodrow Wilson" series and thus vetted by The Papers’ Editorial Advisory Committee.

Axson, Stockton. "Brother Woodrow": A Memoir of Woodrow Wilson. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Axson was Wilson’s brother-in-law and close friend; this book is limited to Wilson’s pre-presidential years.

Hirst, David. Woodrow Wilson, Reform Governor: A Documentary Narrative. Princeton: Van Nostrand, 1965.

Wilson Administration

Newton Diehl Baker (Secretary of War)

Beaver, Daniel R. Newton D. Baker and the American War Effort, 1917-1919. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1966.

Palmer, Frederick. Newton D. Baker: America at War. 2 vols. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1931.

William J. Bryan (Secretary of State)

Bryan, William Jennings and Mary Baird Bryan. The Memoirs of William Jennings Bryan. Chicago: John C. Winston Co., 1925.

Coletta, Paolo E. William Jennings Bryan. 3 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1964-69.

The standard "life" of Bryan.

Cherny, Robert W. A Righteous Cause: The Life of William Jennings Bryan. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.

Ashby, Leroy. William Jennings Bryan: Champion of Democracy. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1987.

Cherny and Ashby provide more recent and briefer accounts of Bryan’s life.

Clements, Kendrick. William Jennings Bryan: Missionary Isolationist. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982.

Kendrick focuses on Bryan’s vision of foreign policy.

Bainbridge Colby (Secretary of State)

Colby, Bainbridge. The Close of Woodrow Wilson’s Administration and the Final Years. New York: Kennerly, 1930.

Smith, Daniel Malloy. Aftermath of War: Bainbridge Colby and Wilsonian Diplomacy, 1920-1921. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1970.

Josephus Daniels (Secretary of the Navy)

Daniels, Josephus. The Cabinet Diaries of Josephus Daniels, 1913-1921. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1963.

Daniels, Josephus. Tar Heel Editor; Editor in Politics; The Wilson Era: Years of Peace, 1910-1917; The Wilson Era: Years of War and After, 1917-1923; Shirt-Sleeve Diplomat. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939-1947.

Five volume autobiography; volumes 3 and 4 cover the Wilson years.

Morrison, Joseph L. Josephus Daniels: The Small-d Democrat. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina

The standard biography of Daniels.

Daniels, Jonathan. The End of Innocence. New York: Da Capo Press, 1972.

Biography of Daniels, written by his son.

Daniels, Josephus. The Life of Woodrow Wilson, 1856-1924. Philadelphia: John C. Winston, 1924.

Daniels’ contribution to the literature on Wilson.

Lindley M. Garrison (Secretary of War)

Herring, George C. "Lindley M. Garrison and National Preparedness: A Study in Politics, Personality, and Military Policy." Thesis (M.A.), University of Virginia, 1962.

Only available at the University of Virginia’s Alderman Library or through Interlibrary loan from the University of Virginia.

Carter Glass (Secretary of the Treasury)

Palmer, James Edward, Jr. Carter Glass: Unreconstructed Rebel. Roanoke: The Institute of American iography, 1938.

Glass, Carter. An Adventure in Constructive Finance. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1927.

Smith, Rixey and Norman Beasley. Carter Glass: A Biography. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1939.

David Franklin Houston (Secretary of the Treasury; Secretary of Agriculture)

Houston, David Franklin. Eight Years with Wilson’s Cabinet, 1913-1920. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1926.

Franklin K. Lane (Secretary of the Interior)

Lane, Franklin Knight. The Letters of Franklin K. Lane: Personal and Political. Boston: Houghton MifflinCo., 1922.

Olsen, Keith. Biography of a Progressive: Franklin K. Lane, 1864-1921. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1979.

Robert Lansing (Secretary of State)

Lansing, Robert. War Memoirs of Robert Lansing. London: Rich and Cowan, 1935.

Hartig, Thomas. Robert Lansing: An Interpretive Biography. New York: Arno Press, 1982.

Beers, Burton F. Vain Endeavor: Robert Lansing’s Attempts to End the American-Japanese Rivalry. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1962.

An examination of the differences between Wilson and Lansing regarding American policies toward Japan.

William, G. McAdoo (Secretary of the Treasury)

McAdoo, William Gibbs. Crowded Years: The Reminiscences of William G. McAdoo. Boston: Jonathan Cape, 1931.

Shook, Dale N. William G. McAdoo and the Development of National Economic Policy, 1913-1918. New York: Garland, 1987.

Broesamle, John J. William Gibbs McAdoo: A Passion for Change, 1863-1917. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1973.

James C. McReynolds (Attorney General; Supreme Court Justice)

Bond, James Edward. I Dissent: The Legacy of Chief Justice James Clark McReynolds. Fairfax, Va.: George Mason University Press, 1992.

Thomas R. Marshall (Vice President)

Marshall, Thomas Riley. Recollections of Thomas R. Marshall: A Hoosier Salad. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1925.

Thomas, Charles M. Thomas Riley Marshall: Hoosier Statesman. Oxford, Ohio: The Mississippi Valley Press, 1939.

Alexander Mitchell Palmer (Attorney General)

Labor Research Association (U.S.). The Palmer Raids. Edited by Robert W. Dunn. New York: International Publishers, 1948.

Coben, Stanley A. Mitchell Palmer: Politician. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.

Detailed look at the major leader of the Red Scare of 1919.

William C. Redfield (Secretary of Commerce)

Redfield, William Cox. Dependent America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1926.

William B. Wilson (Secretary of Labor)

Babson, Roger W. W. B. Wilson and the Department of Labor. New York: Brentano’s, 1919.

Written by an assistant to the secretary.

Clarke, Wilhelm. "William B. Wilson: The First Secretary of Labor." Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1967.

Major Issues in the Wilson Administration

World War I

Knock, Thomas. To End all Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Levin, Norman. Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America’s Response to War and Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Ambrosius, Lloyd. Wilsonian Statecraft: Theory and Practice of Liberal Internationalism During World War I. Wilmington, Del.: SR Books, 1991.

See Calhoun below under "Foreign Policy"

Foreign Policy

United States Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1861-.

The Foreign Relations of the Unites States series has provided the documentary record of U.S. foreign policy and diplomatic activity since the State Department began publication in 1861. The Wilson Presidency is covered in twenty-one volumes.

Calhoun, Frederick S. Power and Principle: Armed Intervention in Wilsonian Foreign Policy. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1986.

Examines the history of military actions taken by the Wilson administration, beginning with Mexico in 1913 and ending with Russia in 1918.

Calhoun, Frederick S. Uses of Force and Wilsonian Foreign Policy. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1993.

More concise version of Calhoun’s Power and Principle; arranged topically.

Link, Arthur S., ed. Woodrow Wilson and a Revolutionary World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

A collection of essays on Wilson’s foreign policy.

Gardner, Lloyd. Safe for Democracy: Anglo-American Responses to Revolution, 1913-1921. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Examines the U.S. and British response to the revolutions of Mexico, China, and particularly Russia.

Conye. G. R. Woodrow Wilson: British Perspectives, 1912-1921. Basingstoke: Macmillan in association with King’s College, 1992.

Using archives and private papers, Conye offers a reassessment of what British diplomatic personnel thought about Wilson and U.S. actions during the Paris Peace Conference and the aftermath of WWI.

Kaufman, Burton Ira. Efficiency and Expansion: Foreign Trade Organization in the Wilson Administration, 1913-1921. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974.

Examines how the Wilson administration significantly changed American foreign commercial policy and redefined business-government relationships.

Latin America (General)

Tulchin, Joseph. Aftermath of War: World War I and United States Policy toward Latin America. New York: New York University Press, 1971.

Offers a detailed examination of Latin American diplomacy during World War I and the years following the War.

Gilderhus, Mark. Pan American Visions: Woodrow Wilson in the Western Hemisphere. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986.

Focuses on U.S. relations with Argentina, Brazil and Chile. Contains a clear, organized bibliography and a discussion of literature relating to the general Wilson administration, the dependency theory and U.S.-Latin America relations as a whole.


Knight, Alan The Mexican Revolution. 2 vols. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

A standard overview of the Revolution.

Gilderhus, Mark T. Diplomacy and Revolution: U.S.-Mexican Relations under Wilson and Carranza. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1977.

Focuses exclusively on the years 1914-1917. The author uses private papers and the Archives of the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Relations to present the Mexican perspective.

Hill, Larry D. Emissaries to a Revolution: Woodrow Wilson’s Executive Agents in Mexico. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1973.

Examines Wilson’s presidential officials and their activities and influence on U.S. diplomacy with Mexico during the Revolution.

Grieb, Kenneth J. The United States and Huerta. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1969.

Discusses the consequences of Wilson’s decision to not recognize Huerta, a Mexican general and powerful political leader.

Guzman, Martin Luis. The Memoirs of Pancho Villa. Trans. Virginia Taylor. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1965.

Villa’s memoirs up to 1915.

Katz, Friedrich. The Life and Times of Pancho Villa. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1998.


Healy, David. Drive to Hegemony: The United States in the Caribbean, 1898-1917. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Healy’s books are highly regarded among scholars of U.S.-Caribbean relations. Drive to Hegemony includes chapters containing chronological coverage of U.S. Caribbean relations, as well as chapters devoted to the impact the United States had on Cuba and U.S. policies in the Caribbean as a whole.

Schmidt, Hans. The United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1971.

Healy, David. Gunboat Diplomacy in the Wilson Era: The U.S. Navy in Haiti, 1915-1916. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976.

Despite the title, the study extends into the early 1920s.

Calder, Bruce J. The Impact of Intervention: The Dominican Republic during the U.S. Occupation of 1916-1924. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1984.

Asia (General)

Curry, Roy Watson. Woodrow Wilson and Far Eastern Policy, 1913-1921. New York: Bookman, 1957.

Discusses the U.S. attempt to maintain good relations with China and the Philippines, while facing Japanese expansion and the war in Europe.


Israel, Jerry. Progressivism and the Open Door: America and China, 1905-1921. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1971.

A thorough study of America’s goals and attitudes toward China from the Russo-Japanese War in 1905 through the Washington Conference in 1921.

Li, Tien-yi. Woodrow Wilson’s China Policy, 1913-1917. Kansas City, Mo.: University of Kansas City Press, 1952.

A detailed and scholarly study that begins with the examination of Wilson’s views on China before he became president and ends with a study of the American economic role in China during Wilson’s first administration. Contains a detailed, annotated bibliography.

Chi, Madeline. China Diplomacy, 1914-1918. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Discusses the U.S role in trying to contain Japanese expansion in to China during World War I; concludes that the U.S. lacked information and knowledge about China.

Reed, James. The Missionary Mind and American East Asia Policy, 1911-1915. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Examines how Protestant missionaries influenced U.S. policy and business relations with China. Useful for a study of American attitudes in this time period.


Fulton, Lloyd G. "Japanese-American Relations, 1918-1922." Ph.D. diss., Michigan State University, 1975.

Russian/Soviet Relations

Kennan, George F. Soviet-American Relations, 1917-1920. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956-1958.

The most comprehensive narrative of Soviet American relations from 1917-1920.

Saul, Norman E. War and Revolution: The United States and Russia, 1914-1921. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001.

A more recent study that includes pre-revolution Russia.

League of Nations

Cooper, John Milton. Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of Nations. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Cooper will become the standard account of Wilson's campaign to win Senate approval of the Treaty of Versailles.

Economy (General)

Sklar, Martin J. The Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism, 1890-1916: The Market, the Law and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Examines the effects the rise of big business had on U.S. politics under Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson.

Becker, William H. The Dynamics of Business-Government Relations: Industry and Exports, 1893-1921. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Analyzes the changing relationship between U.S. business and government with regard to foreign trade. Useful for studying William C. Redfield, Wilson’s secretary of Commerce.

Urofsky, Melvin I. Big Steel and the Wilson Administration: A Study in Business-Government Relations. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969.

Includes information on Wilson’s anti-trust policies and specifically examines the disagreements and compromises between Wilson and the steel industry.

Diamond, William. The Economic Thought of Woodrow Wilson. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1943.

Explores the changes in Wilson’s economic thought throughout his life.

Federal Reserve Act

Livingston, James. Origins of the Federal Reserve System: Money, Class and Corporate Capitalism, 1890-1913. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1986.

A well-researched book on the origins of one of the most significant economic acts in American history.

Willis, H. Parker. The Federal Reserve System. 1923. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.

Willis was one of the drafters of the Federal Reserve System.

Sherman Antitrust Act

Letwin, William. Law and Economic Policy in America: The Evolution of the Sherman Antitrust Act. New York: Random House, 1965.

"Industrial Democracy" (Labor Relations)

Lombardi, John. Labor’s Voice in the Cabinet: A History of the Department of Labor from its Origin to 1921. New York: Columbia University Press, 1942.

The Department of Labor was formed the day before Wilson took office.

Gitelman, H.M. Legacy of the Ludlow Massacre: A Chapter in American Industrial Relations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.

Evaluates the aftermath of the Ludlow Massacre (Colorado Coal Strike) and its effect on corporate America and contributions to corporate reform.

Boemke, Manfred F., "The Wilson Administration, Organized Labor and the Colorado Coal Strike, 1913-1914." Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1983.

Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916

Trattner, Walter I. Crusade for the Children: A History of the National Child Labor Committee and Child Labor Reform in America. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970.

Describes Wilson’s support for child labor reform, which led to the signing of the Keating-Owen bill.


Timberlake, James H. Prohibition and the Progressive Movement, 1900-1920. New York: Antheneum, 1970.

Kerr, K. Austin. Organized for Prohibition: A New History of the Anti-Saloon League. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Contains the background, birth and decline of the Anti-Saloon League; Kerr uses the League’s public propaganda and previously unavailable private records.

Kyvig, David E. Repealing National Prohibition. 2d ed. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2000.


Riley, Glenda. Inventing the American Woman: A Perspective on Women’s History. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, 1986.

Race Relations

Glazier, Kenneth M. "Document: W.E.B. DuBois’ Impressions of Woodrow Wilson. " Journal of Negro History 58 (October 1973): 452-459.

An evaluation of Wilson and racial policy by a leading black activist.

Judicial Appointments

Louis Dembitz Brandeis (Associate Justice)

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz. Letters of Louis D. Brandeis. 5 vols. Edited by Melvin Urofsky and David Levy. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1971-1978.

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz. "Half Brother, Half Son": The Letters of Louis D. Brandeis to Felix Frankfurter. Edited by Melvin Urofsky and David Levy. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz. Brandeis on Democracy. Edited by Philippa Strum. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.

Strum, Phillippa. Louis D. Brandeis: Justice for the People. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

The standard "life" of Brandeis.

Strum, Phillippa. Brandeis: Beyond Progressivism. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1993.

More concise than her biography of Brandeis above; focuses on Brandeis’s political thought.

John Hessin Clarke (Supreme Court Justice)

Warner, Hoyt Landon. The Life of Mr. Justice Clarke. Cleveland: Western Reserve University Press, 1959.

Clarke, John Hessin. America and World Peace. New York: H. Holt, 1925.

Politics and Political Parties

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of U.S. Political Parties. 5 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 2002.

Livermore, Seward W. Politics is Adjourned: Woodrow Wilson and the War Congress, 1916-1918. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1966.

Jackson, Carlton. Presidential Vetoes, 1792-1945. Athens: University of Georgia Press: 1967.


Broderick, Francis L. Progressivism at Risk: Electing a President in 1912. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1989.

The traditional interpretation of the 1912 election, Broderick contends that Wilson owed his election to the split in the Republican Party.

Sarasohn, David. The Party of Reform: Democrats in the Progressive Era. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1989.

Counters Broderick by arguing that by 1912 the Democratic party had become a united "party of reform" and was simply preferred by voters.

Bryan, William Jennings. A Tale of Two Conventions: Being an Account of the Republican and Democratic National Conventions of June. Edited by Virgil V. McNitt. New York: Funk " Wagnalls Co., 1912.

A first hand account by Bryan, one of Wilson’s secretaries of state, on the election of 1912.

Lovell, S.D. The Presidential Election of 1916. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1980.

The only full book devoted solely to the election if 1916.

Bagby, Wesley Marvin. The Road to Normalcy: The Presidential Campaign and Election of 1920. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1962.

Examines Wilson’s desire to run for a third term.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., ed. History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968. 4 vols. New York: Chelsea House, 1971.


Ray Stannard Baker (Wilson’s biographer)

Baker, Ray Stannard. American Chronicle: The Autobiography of Ray Stannard Baker. New York: Scribner’s, 1945.

Bannister, Robert C., Jr. Ray Stannard Baker: The Mind and Thought of a Progressive. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1965.

George Creel (Chairman of the United States Committee on Public Information under Wilson)

Creel, George C. Rebel at Large: Recollections of Fifty Crowded Years. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1947.

John William Davis (Solicitor General; Ambassador to Great Britain)

Harbaugh, William Henry. Lawyer’s Lawyer: The Life of John W. Davis. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Charles William Eliot (College President; Educator)

James, Henry. Charles W. Eliot: President of Harvard University, 1869-1909. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1930.

Felix Frankfurter (Supreme Court Justice)

Parrish, Michael. Felix Frankfurter and His Times: The Reform Years. New York: Free Press, 1982.

Gerard, James Watson. My First Eighty-Three Years in America. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday " Co., 1951.

Joseph Clarke Grew (Secretary-General of the American Commission; Ambassador to Japan)

Grew, Joseph Clark. Turbulent Era: A Diplomatic Record of Forty Years, 1904-1945. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1925.

Heinrichs, Waldo H. American Ambassador: Joseph C. Grew. Boston: Little, Brown, 1966.

George Brinton McClellan Harvey (Ambassador to Great Britain)

Harvey, George Brinton McClellan. The Power of Tolerance and Other Speeches. New York: Harper " Brothers, 1911.

Herbert Hoover (31st President of the United States)

Nash, George H. The Life of Herbert Hoover. 2 vols. New York: W.W. Norton, 1983-1988.

See online bibliography of Herbert Hoover for more information.

Edward Mandell House (Presidential advisor)

House, Edward Mandell. The Intimate Papers of Colonel House. St. Clair Shores, Mich., cholarly Press, 1976.

Henry Morgenthau Sr. (Ambassador to Turkey)

Morgenthau, Henry, Sr. All in a Life-time. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1918.

David Hunter Miller (Diplomat)

Miller, David Hunter. My Diary at the Conference of Paris. 21 vols. New York: Appeal Printing Co., 1924.

Walter Hines Page (Diplomat)

Page, Walter Hines. The Life and Letters of Walter Page. Edited by Burton Jesse Hendrick. 3 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page " Co., 1922-1925.

Cooper, John Milton, Jr. Walter Hines Page: The Southerner as American, 1858-1918. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977.

Page was one of the most important southern influences on Wilson’s early administration.

Theodore Roosevelt (26th President of the United States)

Roosevelt, Theodore. The Works of Theodore Roosevelt. Memorial ed. 24 vols. Edited by Hermann Hagedorn. New York: Scribner’s, 1926.

Contains all of his published works, collected essays, and selected messages and speeches.

Roosevelt, Theodore. The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt. 8 vols. Edited by Elting Morison. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951-1954.

The most complete published collection of Roosevelt’s letters.

Morris, Edmund. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, 1979.

Morris, Edmund. Theodore Rex. New York: Random House, 2001.

First two volumes of a projected three volume "life" of Roosevelt. The first volume was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and American Book Award in 1980.

Harbaugh, William Henry. Power and Responsibility: The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt. Rev. ed. New York: Octagon Books, 1975.

Originally published in 1961, considered one of the better single volume biographies of Roosevelt. Revised edition contains an updated bibliography.

Gould, Lewis L. The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1991.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of Theodore Roosevelt for more information.

William Howard Taft (27th President of the United States)

Taft, William Howard. The Collected Works of William Howard Taft. 8 vols. Edited by David H. Burton. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001-.

To date, 6 of a projected 8 volumes have been published. When complete, the collection will include all of Taft’s published works as well as his presidential and state addresses and selected court opinions from his time as chief justice of the Supreme Court.

Pringle, Henry F. The Life and Times of William Howard Taft. 2 vols. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1939.

Considered the standard biography of Taft.

Coletta, Paolo E. The Presidency of William Howard Taft. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1973.

From the American Presidency Series, a series dedicated to providing a consistent, scholarly treatment of each president. Coverage is limited to the years in office.

See online bibliography of William H. Taft for more information.

Joseph Patrick Tumulty (Wilson’s private secretary and closest political advisor)

Tumulty, Joseph Patrick. Woodrow Wilson as I Know Him. New York: Doubleday, Page, and Co., 1921.

Blum, John Morton. Joe Tumulty and the Wilson Era. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1951.

Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (Second Wife)

Ross, Ishbel. Power with Grace: The Life of Mrs. Woodrow Wilson. New York: Putnam’s, 1975.

Giblin, James. Edith Wilson: The Woman Who Ran the United States. New York: Viking Press, 1992.

Ellen Axson Wilson (First Wife)

Saunder, Frances. Ellen Axson Wilson: First Lady Between Two Worlds. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Recent Publications

Kraig, Robert Alexander. Woodrow Wilson and the Lost World of the Oratorical Statesman. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2004.

Macmillan, Margaret. Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World. New York: Random House, 2002.

Stid, Daniel. The President as Statesman: Woodrow Wilson and the Constitution. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Chace, James. 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs: The Election that Changed the Country. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Ambrosius, Lloyd. Wilsonianism: Woodrow Wilson and His Legacy in American Foreign Relations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Thompson, J.A. Woodrow Wilson. London: Longman, 2002.This portrait re-examines his political career and argues that he has been misunderstood.

Levin, Phyllis Lee. Edith and Woodrow: The Wilson White House. New York: Scribner, 2001.

Auchincloss, Louis. Woodrow Wilson (Penguin Lives). New York: Viking Penguin, 2000.

Part of the "Penguin Lives" series that produce concise biographies.


Woodrow Wilson: A Bibliography. Compiled by John M. Mulder, Ernest M. White, and Ethel S. White. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997.