Sound recording of part of a meeting held on September 23, 1963, between President John F. Kennedy and several city leaders from Birmingham, Alabama, including Dr. Landon Miller, W.C. Hamilton, Caldwell Marks, Frank Newton, and Don Hawkinson. The recording of this meeting begins on Tape 112. They discuss civil rights issues in Birmingham. After this meeting, and on several other portions of this tape, the recording machine was left on and there is over an hour’s worth of recorded office noises, hallway conversations, and partial conversations with little or no substance. This sound recording has been excerpted from Tape 113, which contains additional sound recording(s) following this one. See Related Records to access Tape 113 in its entirety or the beginning of this recording on Tape 112. Please note that this meeting was previously made available for review in 1984.