Miller Center

Presidential Key Events

Richard Nixon

 

Richard Nixon - 01/20/1969: Nixon is sworn into office as the thirty-seventh P…
Nixon is sworn into office as the thirty-seventh President of the United States. January 20, 1969

Richard Nixon - 02/23/1969: Nixon begins an eight-day European visit in Brusse…
Nixon begins an eight-day European visit in Brussels. February 23, 1969

Richard Nixon - 03/04/1969: Nixon warns that the United States will take actio…
Nixon warns that the United States will take action in the event of a new Viet Cong offensive. March 04, 1969

Richard Nixon - 04/18/1969: Following an attack on a U.S. plane on April 15, N…
Following an attack on a U.S. plane on April 15, Nixon orders that reconnaissance flights off of North Korea be resumed. April 18, 1969

Richard Nixon - 04/30/1969: Nixon asks that Congress be granted authority to c…
Nixon asks that Congress be granted authority to consolidate federal aid programs to states and cities. April 30, 1969

Richard Nixon - 05/14/1969: Nixon proposes a plan whereby the United States an…
Nixon proposes a plan whereby the United States and North Vietnam would agree to withdraw forces from South Vietnam. May 14, 1969

Richard Nixon - 05/27/1969: Nixon asks that Congress make the Post Office depa…
Nixon asks that Congress make the Post Office department a public corporation. May 27, 1969

Richard Nixon - 06/08/1969: Nixon announces a plan to withdraw 25,000 U.S. tro…
Nixon announces a plan to withdraw 25,000 U.S. troops from South Vietnam by August 31. June 08, 1969

Richard Nixon - 07/09/1969: Nixon orders cuts in overseas government personnel…
Nixon orders cuts in overseas government personnel by 10 percent. July 09, 1969

Richard Nixon - 07/25/1969: Nixon affirms his desire to withdraw U.S. troops f…
Nixon affirms his desire to withdraw U.S. troops from southeast Asia and declares that individual nations will bear a larger responsibility for their own security. Initially referred to as the “Guam Doctrine,” this statement later becomes known as the “Nixon Doctrine.” July 25, 1969

Richard Nixon - 08/08/1969: Nixon discloses his program for welfare reform, wh…
Nixon discloses his program for welfare reform, which includes the Family Assistance Plan. August 08, 1969

Richard Nixon - 10/31/1969: Nixon declares that Latin America must be responsi…
Nixon declares that Latin America must be responsible for its own social and economic progress. October 31, 1969

Richard Nixon - 11/03/1969: Nixon reveals that North Vietnam has rejected the …
Nixon reveals that North Vietnam has rejected the administration's secret peace offers. He proposes a plan for the gradual and secretive withdrawal of troops. November 03, 1969

Richard Nixon - 11/26/1969: Nixon signs the Selective Service Reform bill, ens…
Nixon signs the Selective Service Reform bill, ensuring that draftees are selected by a lottery system. November 26, 1969

Richard Nixon - 03/24/1970: The administration announces that it will seek to …
The administration announces that it will seek to end de jure segregation. March 24, 1970

Richard Nixon - 04/23/1970: Nixon signs executive order ending occupational an…
Nixon signs executive order ending occupational and parental deferments for the draft. April 23, 1970

Richard Nixon - 06/17/1970: Nixon addresses the nation through television, ask…
Nixon addresses the nation through television, asking for wage and price restraint. June 17, 1970

Richard Nixon - 07/09/1970: Nixon puts forth a plan to reorganize the federal …
Nixon puts forth a plan to reorganize the federal agencies that handle environmental problems. July 09, 1970

Richard Nixon - 07/20/1970: Nixon states in a news conference that the United …
Nixon states in a news conference that the United States would accept a coalition government in Vietnam if it was chosen in an open election. July 20, 1970

Richard Nixon - 07/23/1970: Nixon approves a plan for an Interagency Committee…
Nixon approves a plan for an Interagency Committee on Intelligence to conduct operations against domestic targets. July 23, 1970

Richard Nixon - 08/12/1970: Nixon approves and signs the Postal Reorganization…
Nixon approves and signs the Postal Reorganization Act, which establishes an independent United States Postal Service. August 12, 1970

Richard Nixon - 09/18/1970: Nixon meets with Israeli Premier Golda Meir to tal…
Nixon meets with Israeli Premier Golda Meir to talk about problems in the Middle East. September 18, 1970

Richard Nixon - 10/07/1970: In a televised address, Nixon proposes a five-poin…
In a televised address, Nixon proposes a five-point peace plan for Indochina. The plan includes a “cease-fire in place” and the negotiated withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam. October 07, 1970

Richard Nixon - 10/29/1970: While at a campaign rally in California, demonstra…
While at a campaign rally in California, demonstrators taunt Nixon and throw objects at him. October 29, 1970

Richard Nixon - 12/29/1970: Nixon signs the Occupational Health and Safety Act…
Nixon signs the Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1970, which gives the secretary of labor the responsibility of setting workplace safety standards for jobs in the United States. December 29, 1970

Richard Nixon - 12/31/1970: Nixon signs a clean air bill which mandates that c…
Nixon signs a clean air bill which mandates that car manufacturers reduce certain pollutants by 90 percent. December 31, 1970

Richard Nixon - 01/04/1971: Nixon tells an ABC news commentator that he is now…
Nixon tells an ABC news commentator that he is now a “Keynesian.” January 04, 1971

Richard Nixon - 01/19/1971: Nixon delays the construction of the Cross-Florida…
Nixon delays the construction of the Cross-Florida Barge Canal in order to stop environmental damage. January 19, 1971

Richard Nixon - 01/22/1971: Nixon gives his State of the Union messa…

Nixon gives his State of the Union message.

January 22, 1971

Richard Nixon - 02/16/1971: Taping systems are activated in the White House. T…
Taping systems are activated in the White House. The Oval Office is outfitted with a voice-activated system and the Cabinet Room with a manual system. February 16, 1971

Richard Nixon - 04/06/1971: A voice-activated taping system in the Executive O…
A voice-activated taping system in the Executive Office Building (EOB) becomes operational. Taping also begins on phone conversations held in the Oval Office, the EOB, and the Lincoln Sitting Room. April 06, 1971

Richard Nixon - 05/18/1971: Nixon signs a Wage-Price Controls Bill, extending …
Nixon signs a Wage-Price Controls Bill, extending his authority to impose restraints on wages, prices, salaries, and rents for another year. May 18, 1971

Richard Nixon - 06/13/1971: The New York Times begins to publish secret…
The New York Times begins to publish secret internal documents referred to as the “Pentagon Papers,” a development which leads the White House become increasingly fearful of further disclosures. Within a week, a special unit named the “Plumbers” is created to stop the leaks. June 13, 1971

Richard Nixon - 07/12/1971: Nixon signs an Emergency Employment Act, earmarkin…
Nixon signs an Emergency Employment Act, earmarking $2.25 billion for the creation of public service jobs at state and local levels. July 12, 1971

Richard Nixon - 07/15/1971: Nixon shocks the nation with the news that he plan…
Nixon shocks the nation with the news that he plans to visit China within the next year. July 15, 1971

Richard Nixon - 08/15/1971: Nixon declares a 90-day freeze on wages and prices…
Nixon declares a 90-day freeze on wages and prices, known as Phase One of his economic program. August 15, 1971

Richard Nixon - 10/07/1971: Nixon announces Phase Two of his economi…
Nixon announces Phase Two of his economic plan. October 07, 1971

Richard Nixon - 12/09/1971: Nixon vetoes legislation calling for the establish…
Nixon vetoes legislation calling for the establishment of a national day-care system. December 09, 1971

Richard Nixon - 12/22/1971: Nixon signs an extension of the Economic Stabiliza…
Nixon signs an extension of the Economic Stabilization Act, allowing himself another year in which to right the economy. December 22, 1971

Richard Nixon - 01/07/1972: Nixon announces that he will seek another term in …
Nixon announces that he will seek another term in office. January 07, 1972

Richard Nixon - 01/20/1972: Nixon gives his State of the Union messa…
Nixon gives his State of the Union message. January 20, 1972

Richard Nixon - 02/21/1972: President and Mrs. Nixon arrive in China. A joint …
President and Mrs. Nixon arrive in China. A joint communique, later known as the Shanghai Communique, is released by the United States and China. It calls for both countries agree to increase their contacts, and for the United States to withdraw gradually from Taiwan. February 21, 1972 - February 27, 1972

Richard Nixon - 02/28/1972: Nixon addresses the nation via television to discu…
Nixon addresses the nation via television to discuss his trip to China. February 28, 1972

Richard Nixon - 03/16/1972: Nixon dismisses busing as a means of achieving rac…
Nixon dismisses busing as a means of achieving racial integration and seeks legislation that would deny court-ordered busing. March 16, 1972

Richard Nixon - 04/03/1972: Nixon enacts legislation devaluing the d…
Nixon enacts legislation devaluing the dollar. April 03, 1972

Richard Nixon - 05/08/1972: On national television, Nixon states that he has o…
On national television, Nixon states that he has ordered the mining of North Vietnamese ports and the bombing of military targets in the North Vietnam. May 08, 1972

Richard Nixon - 05/16/1972: The taping system attached to the telephone on the…
The taping system attached to the telephone on the Camp David study table becomes operational. May 16, 1972

Richard Nixon - 05/17/1972: A voice-activated taping system in Aspen Lodge at …
A voice-activated taping system in Aspen Lodge at Camp David becomes operational. May 17, 1972

Richard Nixon - 05/18/1972: The taping system attached to the telephone on the…
The taping system attached to the telephone on the Camp David study desk becomes operational. May 18, 1972

Richard Nixon - 05/22/1972: Nixon arrives in the Soviet Union for a summit mee…
Nixon arrives in the Soviet Union for a summit meeting. He is the first sitting President to visit the U.S.S.R. May 22, 1972

Richard Nixon - 06/17/1972: Police seize James McCord, Frank Sturgis, and thre…
Police seize James McCord, Frank Sturgis, and three Cubans inside Democratic Headquarters in Washington, D.C.'s Watergate Hotel. They confiscate cameras, wiretapping materials, and $2,300 in cash. June 17, 1972

Richard Nixon - 06/23/1972: Nixon orders Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman to tell …
Nixon orders Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman to tell the F.B.I. not to go any further with its Watergate investigation, justifying his actions on national security grounds. June 23, 1972

Richard Nixon - 08/23/1972: Nixon accepts the Republican nomination for Presid…
Nixon accepts the Republican nomination for President. August 23, 1972

Richard Nixon - 08/29/1972: In a news conference, Nixon declares that no one o…
In a news conference, Nixon declares that no one on the White House staff, in the administration, or anyone “presently employed” was involved in the Watergate break-in. August 29, 1972

Richard Nixon - 10/20/1972: Nixon endorses a bill which calls for revenue shar…
Nixon endorses a bill which calls for revenue sharing with the states and grants over $30 billion to state and local governments over the course of five years. October 20, 1972

Richard Nixon - 10/21/1972: Nixon enhances the power of the Environmental Prot…
Nixon enhances the power of the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate the sale and use of pesticides. October 21, 1972

Richard Nixon - 10/30/1972: Nixon signs sixty bills, one of which provides mor…
Nixon signs sixty bills, one of which provides more than $5 billion in benefits for the aged, blind, and disabled, while also increasing Social Security taxes. October 30, 1972

Richard Nixon - 11/07/1972: Nixon wins the presidential election in a landslid…
Nixon wins the presidential election in a landslide, but Congress remains in Democratic hands. November 07, 1972

Richard Nixon - 11/08/1972: Nixon asks for the resignation of all agency direc…
Nixon asks for the resignation of all agency directors, federal department heads, and presidential appointees. November 08, 1972

Richard Nixon - 01/11/1973: Phase Three of the economic plan is announced, in …
Phase Three of the economic plan is announced, in which wages and price controls will be ended in all but a few industries. January 11, 1973

Richard Nixon - 01/20/1973: President Nixon is inaugurated for his second term…
President Nixon is inaugurated for his second term. January 20, 1973

Richard Nixon - 01/27/1973: Paris Peace Accords are signed by all parties at w…
Paris Peace Accords are signed by all parties at war in Vietnam. January 27, 1973

Richard Nixon - 03/04/1973: The voice-activated taping system at Camp David ce…
The voice-activated taping system at Camp David ceases operation, as does the system attached to the desk telephone in the Camp David study. March 04, 1973

Richard Nixon - 04/30/1973: Nixon admits responsibility for the Watergate affa…
Nixon admits responsibility for the Watergate affair on television, but continues to assert no prior knowledge of it. April 30, 1973

Richard Nixon - 06/13/1973: Nixon declares a freeze on all prices for sixty da…
Nixon declares a freeze on all prices for sixty days, with the exception of raw agricultural products and rents. June 13, 1973

Richard Nixon - 06/21/1973: The taping system attached to the table phone in t…
The taping system attached to the table phone in the Camp David study ceases operation. June 21, 1973

Richard Nixon - 07/12/1973: The voice-activated taping system in the Oval Offi…
The voice-activated taping system in the Oval Office ceases operation. July 12, 1973

Richard Nixon - 07/16/1973: Testifying before the Senate Watergate Committee, …
Testifying before the Senate Watergate Committee, Federal Aviation administrator Alexander Butterfield confirms the existence of an Oval Office taping system. July 16, 1973

Richard Nixon - 07/18/1973: Phase Four of the economic program is revealed, in…
Phase Four of the economic program is revealed, in which the freeze is lifted on all foods except beef and health-care products. July 18, 1973

Richard Nixon - 07/18/1973: The manual taping system in the Cabinet Room cease…
The manual taping system in the Cabinet Room ceases operation, as do those attached to telephones in the Oval Office, the EOB, and the Lincoln Sitting Room. July 18, 1973

Richard Nixon - 07/23/1973: Claiming executive privilege, Nixon refuses to tur…
Claiming executive privilege, Nixon refuses to turn over subpoened tapes to the Senate Watergate Committee, chaired by Senator Sam Ervin (D-NC). July 23, 1973

Richard Nixon - 08/07/1973: Vice President Agnew comes under scrutiny for char…
Vice President Agnew comes under scrutiny for charges stemming from campaign contributions he received while in office from persons who were later given government contracts. Agnew vehemently denies the charges in a press conference. August 07, 1973 - August 08, 1973

Richard Nixon - 08/15/1973: Nixon denies involvement in the Watergate cover-up…
Nixon denies involvement in the Watergate cover-up in a televised address. August 15, 1973

Richard Nixon - 10/10/1973: Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and pleads “no …
Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns and pleads “no contest” to charges stemming from a kickback scheme he ran while Governor of Maryland. Agnew is fined $10,000 and sentenced to three years probation. October 10, 1973

Richard Nixon - 10/12/1973: Gerald Ford is nominated as vice president. After …
Gerald Ford is nominated as vice president. After being confirmation by Congress, he is sworn in on December 6. October 12, 1973

Richard Nixon - 11/07/1973: Nixon addresses the nation regarding the energy cr…
Nixon addresses the nation regarding the energy crisis. November 07, 1973

Richard Nixon - 12/08/1973: Nixon discloses his personal finances, which indic…
Nixon discloses his personal finances, which indicate he paid less than $1,000 in taxes in 1970 and 1971. December 08, 1973

Richard Nixon - 12/21/1973: Nixon increases Social Security benefits…
Nixon increases Social Security benefits. December 21, 1973

Richard Nixon - 01/04/1974: The Senate Watergate Committee subpoenas more than…
The Senate Watergate Committee subpoenas more than 500 tapes, which Nixon refuses to hand over, stating that presidential communications must remain confidential. January 04, 1974

Richard Nixon - 01/30/1974: Nixon gives his State of the Union address, in whi…
Nixon gives his State of the Union address, in which he refuses to resign and demands an end to the Watergate investigation. January 30, 1974

Richard Nixon - 04/03/1974: As a result of an IRS investigation into…
As a result of an IRS investigation into Nixon's finances, the President is forced to pay $432,787 in back taxes and $33,000 interest. April 03, 1974

Richard Nixon - 04/08/1974: Nixon increases the minimum wa…
Nixon increases the minimum wage to $2 with the likelihood of future increases and broader coverage. April 08, 1974

Richard Nixon - 04/29/1974: Nixon addresses the nation before disclosing more …
Nixon addresses the nation before disclosing more than 1,200 pages of his conversations regarding Watergate. April 29, 1974

Richard Nixon - 05/23/1974: Despite Vice President Ford’s advice to surrender …
Despite Vice President Ford's advice to surrender the necessary evidence to the House Judiciary Committee, Nixon refuses to hand over Watergate-related tapes. May 23, 1974

Richard Nixon - 07/24/1974: In an 8-0 ruling, the Supreme Court orders that Ni…
In an 8-0 ruling, the Supreme Court orders that Nixon turn over sixty-four tapes to the Senate Watergate Committee. The tapes disclose Nixon's knowledge and participation in the cover-up of the Watergate burglary. July 24, 1974

Richard Nixon - 07/27/1974: Three articles of impeachment are brought against …
Three articles of impeachment are brought against Nixon by the House Judiciary Committee: obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and the unconstitutional defiance of its subpoenas. July 27, 1974 - July 30, 1974

Richard Nixon - 08/05/1974: Three new transcripts are released, showing that N…
Three new transcripts are released, showing that Nixon ordered a cover-up less than a week after the break-in. Nixon issues a statement with the transcripts indicating that he withheld this evidence from his lawyers and from those who support him on the Judiciary Committee. August 05, 1974

Richard Nixon - 08/06/1974: Nixon informs his cabinet that he will not resign …
Nixon informs his cabinet that he will not resign despite the fact that even his closest advisors are suggesting that he should. August 06, 1974

Richard Nixon - 08/07/1974: Nixon is told by a few of his supporters that he w…
Nixon is told by a few of his supporters that he would not win an impeachment trial. Nixon tells Kissinger, Ford, and a few Congressional leaders that he plans to resign. August 07, 1974

Richard Nixon - 08/08/1974: Nixon resigns the presidency, effective at noon th…
Nixon resigns the presidency, effective at noon the next day, in a televised address. August 08, 1974

Richard Nixon - 08/09/1974: Nixon leaves for California. His letter of resigna…
Nixon leaves for California. His letter of resignation is sent to Kissinger, thus making Gerald Ford the thirty-eighth President of the United States. August 09, 1974

Richard Nixon - President Richard Nixon Arrives in China

On February 21, 1972, President Richard Nixon arrived in Beijing, China. It was the first time an American President had visited the country.

Nixon, his wife, Pat, and his entourage, including National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger, visited China from February 21 to February 27. The eight-day visit included official meetings, cultural visits, and sightseeing in Beijing, Hangchow, and Shanghai. The media extensively covered the trip, televising many of the events. Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou En-Lai met with President Nixon and American officials, and the people of both nations saw the beginning of a diplomatic thaw most thought impossible only months earlier. At his farewell banquet, President Nixon remarked in his toast, “This was the week that changed the world.”

In late 1971, President Nixon had stunned the world by announcing that he would visit “Red China,” the first visit by an American President to the world's most populous country. It was a startling announcement from a politician who had built much of his political career championing anti-Communism and using the issue as a means to ascend through the higher reaches of American government. Nixon had long harbored great antipathy for Communism and its adherents from his work on the House Committee for Un-American Activities in the 1940s to his stands as vice president in the Eisenhower administration to his own pronouncements as President.

As President, Nixon reasoned that improving relations with China would allow him to inject more fluidity into the international environment and offset the growing power of the Soviet Union. But in order to improve relations with China, he had to resolve the Taiwan issue. Until 1971, Nixon had been a supporter of the pro-Taiwan lobby that had blocked any move to recognize the People's Republic of China.

At the end of the visit, China and the United States jointly issued the Shanghai Communiqué, which pledged that both countries wanted to strive toward normalizing relations. The United States also agreed that there was one China and Taiwan was part of it and that the United States would work toward the ultimate objective of removing U.S. forces from Taiwan. The most lasting contribution of the Nixon visit was a rapprochement with China itself, with the United States recognizing the People's Republic of China as the sole diplomatic voice of China.

European allies applauded the trip, but leaders in Japan and Taiwan viewed the diplomatic move with caution and concern. Nixon's secret diplomacy also concerned many who felt that matters of national interest ought to be debated publicly. Still, Nixon's historic visit to China in 1972 opened the door to relations between two of the world's most powerful countries, China and the United States.

February 21, 1972

Richard Nixon - United States v. Nixon Decided

On July 24, 1974, the Supreme Court ruled in an 8-0 decision that President Richard Nixon had to turn over sixty-four tapes, which disclosed his knowledge and participation in the cover-up of the Watergate burglary. The conversations on the tapes implicated Nixon and led to his resignation, the first time in United States history a President had resigned.

The Watergate scandal began when five men were arrested for breaking into the office of the Democratic National Committee on June 17, 1972. Initially it was unclear if there was any connection between the burglary and the Nixon administration but gradually it was revealed that the White House was involved.

Then on July 16, 1973, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield testified that since 1971 the White House routinely recorded conversations. The taping was undertaken ostensibly to provide a historical record of the Nixon Administration, but it soon emerged as a means to prove President Nixon's guilt or innocence.

When the existence of the tapes was revealed, the Senate Watergate Committee requested access to them. Unable to come to an agreement with Nixon on releasing the tapes, the Senate Committee called on the President to produce the tapes. Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox also issued a subpoena for the tapes as part of his investigation. President Nixon responded by refusing to release the tapes, claiming that his conversations were private and hence protected from forced disclosure by the doctrine of executive privilege-a concept which permits officers of the executive branch to maintain a level of privacy to promote open and vigorous debate. In his refusal, Nixon stated unequivocally that the tapes were “entirely consistent with what I have stated to be the truth.”

This confrontation set the stage for the United States v. Nixon, in which the Court ruled unanimously that President Nixon must turn over the tapes. Chief Justice Warren Burger wrote the decision, in which the Court upheld the doctrine of executive privilege but said it was generally limited to areas of national security or diplomatic affairs. The Court went on to say that that the President is not above the law and Nixon must turn over the tapes.

Soon after the Court's decision, Nixon released the tapes. The tapes revealed that the President had participated in a cover-up of the burglary as early as June 23, 1972, just days after it occurred. The release of the tapes eroded what was left of Nixon's support. Beginning July 27, the House of Representatives adopted three Articles of Impeachment against the President.

In a televised speech on the night of August 8, 1974, President Richard Nixon announced his intention to resign at noon the next day. Although he conceded he had made some wrong judgments, he did not admit to any wrongdoing. Vice President Gerald Ford was sworn in as President the next day, remarking in his inaugural address, “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.”

Nixon's resignation marked the first such act by a President in U.S. history. Among its many implications, the resignation confirmed that no individual-regardless of rank or station-was above the law, and that there were real consequences for those who violated the law willfully. As for its political impact, the resignation chipped away at the aura of the presidency and the public's trust in government.

July 24, 1974

Richard Nixon - President Nixon Resigns

On August 8, 1974, President Richard M. Nixon announced to a national television audience that he was resigning from the office of the presidency. Nixon's resignation came less than a month after the House Judiciary Committee voted for three articles of impeachment relating to Nixon's illegal involvement in the Watergate scandal and his use of government agencies to cover up that involvement. In the weeks prior his announcement, many loyal supporters had confidentially advised Nixon that he ought to consider resignation in order to spare the country the political trauma of an ineffective President during a long House impeachment and Senate trial.

President Nixon admitted to making mistakes, but not to the “high crimes and misdemeanors” alleged in the impeachment articles. Nixon decided to resign when he realized that he “no longer had a strong enough political base in Congress” to make it possible for him to complete his term in office. He thanked his friends for their support, and asked all Americans to back the new President, Gerald R. Ford, himself in office due to the resignation of former Vice President Spiro Agnew. As for his foes, the President remarked that was leaving office “with no bitterness toward those who have opposed me.” Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski, appointed after the dismissal of Archibald Cox, announced that his investigation would continue, possibly leading to the filing of criminal charges against the ex-President. On September 8, just a month after the resignation, President Ford granted Nixon a “full, free, and absolute pardon,” ruling out any criminal prosecution of the nation's 37th President.

Nixon's resignation marked the first such act by a President in U.S. history. Among its many implications, the resignation reinforced the powers of the Congress and the Supreme Court to insist that the law be followed. It confirmed that no individual-regardless or rank or station-was above the law, and that there were real consequences for those who violated the law willfully. As for its political impact, the resignation seemed to chip away at the aura of the presidency, making the office seem less important and powerful for its having been tarnished during the Nixon years.

To watch, listen, or read President Nixon's address to the nation about his decision to resign, click here.

August 08, 1974