Calvin Coolidge (1872 – 1933) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: A quiet and somber man whose sour expression masked a dry wit, Calvin Coolidge was known as "Silent Cal." After learning of his ascendancy to the presidency following the death of Warren Harding in 1923, Coolidge was sworn in by his father,… more life in brief » Essays about Calvin Coolidge Life in Brief Life in Brief: A quiet and somber man whose sour expression masked a dry wit, Calvin Coolidge was known as "Silent Cal." After learning of his ascendancy to the presidency following the death of Warren Harding in 1923, Coolidge was sworn in by his father, a justice of the peace, in the middle of the nigh… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: He was born John Calvin Coolidge on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. He grew up helping his storekeeper father tend accounts, selling apples, and doing other chores around the store and at home on the family farm. As a boy, Coolidge had little ambition in life beyond hoping to follow his fa… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1924: After a year in the office he inherited from Harding, Coolidge was ready to assume the presidency in his own right. Historically, vice presidents who had finished out their predecessors' terms did not seek the presidency in their own right; only Theodore Roose…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: Calvin Coolidge brought a unique style to the White House. Although known for his public discomfort with chitchat and for his philosophical dislike of excessive leadership, Coolidge was a highly visible president. During his 67 months as President, he held 520 press conferences or an average of near…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Coolidge himself was not versed or deeply interested in world affairs. To handle international issues, Coolidge looked to Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon, Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover, and his Secretaries of State, Charles Evans Hughes and, in the second term, Frank B. Kellogg. Neither a Wilso…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Coolidge announced his decision not to seek reelection in a sharp and typically playful statement: "I do not choose to run for President in 1928." He delivered the statement on handwritten strips of paper to reporters traveling with him on his summer vacation in 1927. The announcement took…Family Life Family Life: When Coolidge moved into the White House, he installed a rocking chair on the front porch, in which he enjoyed sitting in the early evening and smoking his cigars. Alice Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter, liked to remark that Coolidge looked as if he had been “weaned on a pickle.” When …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Although the public liked and admired Calvin Coolidge during his tenure, the Great Depression that began in 1929 seriously eroded his reputation and changed public opinion about his policies. Many linked the nation's economic collapse to Coolidge's policy decisions. His failure to aid the de… About His Administration First Lady Grace Coolidge Vice President Charles G. Dawes Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg (1925–1929) Charles E. Hughes (1923–1925) Secretary of the Interior Hubert Work (1922–1923) Roy O. West (1929–1929) Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty (1921–1923) Harlan F. Stone (1924–1925) John G. Sargent (1925–1929) Postmaster General Harry S. New (1923–1923) Secretary of the Treasury Andrew W. Mellon (1923–1929) Secretary of Labor James J. Davis (1921–1923) Secretary of Commerce William F. Whiting (1928–1929) Herbert C. Hoover (1923–1928) Secretary of Agriculture Howard M. Gore (1924–1925) Henry C. Wallace (1921–1923) William M. Jardine (1925–1929) Secretary of the Navy Curtis D. Wilbur (1924–1929) Edwin Denby (1923–1924) Secretary of War John W. Weeks (1921–1923) Dwight F. Davis (1925–1929) Facts about Calvin Coolidge Term: 30th President of the United States (1923 – 1929) Born: July 4, 1872, Plymouth Notch, Vermont Political Party: Republican Died: January 05, 1933 Nickname: “Silent Cal” Education: Amherst College (graduated 1895) Religion: Congregationalist Marriage: October 4, 1905, to Grace Anna Goodhue (1879–1957) Children: John (1906–2000), Calvin (1908–1924) Career: Lawyer Buried: Plymouth Notch, Vermont WritingsThe Autobiography of Calvin Coolidge (1929) Calvin Coolidge Image Gallery More images » Because of what America is and what America has done, a firmer courage, a higher hope, inspires the heart of all humanity. March 4, 1925 Citation Information Consulting Editor David Greenberg Professor Greenberg is a professor of history and of journalism and media studies at Rutgers University. His publications include: Calvin Coolidge (Henry Holt and Company, 2006) Presidential Doodles (Basic Books, 2006) Nixon’s Shadow: The History of an Image (W.W. Norton, 2003) Herbert Hoover » « Warren G. Harding American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!