George Washington (1732 – 1799) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: George Washington was born into a mildly prosperous Virginia farming family in 1732. After his father died when George was eleven, George's mother, Mary, a tough and driven woman, struggled to hold their home together with the help of her two so… more life in brief » Essays about George Washington Life in Brief Life in Brief: George Washington was born into a mildly prosperous Virginia farming family in 1732. After his father died when George was eleven, George's mother, Mary, a tough and driven woman, struggled to hold their home together with the help of her two sons from a previous marriage. Although he never rec… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: John Washington, George's great-grandfather, reached the New World in 1657, settling in Virginia. Little definitive information exists on George's ancestors before his father, but what is known is that by the time George was born to Augustine and Mary Washington on February 22, 1732, the… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1788: In the wake of winning his country's independence and then overseeing the formation of its government, George Washington thought he had done enough. He desperately wanted to go home and live a quiet life, but Americans wanted no one else to lead them. No other…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: George Washington had to borrow money to relocate to New York, then the center of American government. His presidential inauguration was held near New York's Wall Street in late April 1789. A tremendous crowd showed up to see the man now known as "the Father of His Country." Borrowing …Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Upon becoming President of the United States, George Washington almost immediately set two critical foreign policy precedents: He assumed control of treaty negotiations with a hostile power—in this case, the Creek Nation of Native Americans—and then asked for congressional approval once they wer…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: George Washington lived only two years after leaving the presidency. Mount Vernon had been neglected for decades, and Washington spent most of his remaining days trying to make it solvent and functional. As relations with France worsened in mid-1799, however, the former President was again calle…Family Life Family Life: Martha Washington had two young children from her first marriage, Martha and John. She had no children with George Washington. Washington thought it his duty as a stepfather to be "generous and attentive," and expensive orders to London merchants during the childhoods of "Jacky" …The American Franchise The American Franchise: In 1790, approximately 4 million people lived in the United States, and slaves made up nearly 20 percent of the total population. By the time George Washington left office, another 500,000 Americans were added to the population either by birth or immigration. Of these numbers, only 6 percent lived i…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Among George Washington's critics are those who wonder how the nation might have developed had he sided with Jefferson in the partisan debates that swirled all around him as President. By identifying himself with Hamilton, he actually furthered the partisanship he so vigorously denounced in his … About His Administration First Lady Martha Washington Vice President John Adams (1789-1797) Secretary of State Timothy Pickering (1796–1797) Edmund Randolph (1794–1795) Thomas Jefferson (1789–1793) Attorney General Charles Lee (1795–1797) William Bradford (1794–1795) Edmund Randolph (1789–1794) Postmaster General Joseph Habersham (1795–1797) Timothy Pickering (1791–1795) Samuel Osgood (1789–1791) Secretary of the Treasury Oliver Wolcott Jr. (1795–1797) Alexander Hamilton (1789–1795) Secretary of War James McHenry (1796–1797) Timothy Pickering (1795–1796) Henry Knox (1789–1794) Facts about George Washington Term: 1st President of the United States (1789 – 1797) Born: February 22, 1732, Pope’s Creek, Virginia Political Party: Federalist Died: December 14, 1799 Nickname: “Father of His Country” Education: The equivalent of an elementary school education Religion: Episcopalian Marriage: January 6, 1759, to Martha Dandridge Custis (1731–1802) Children: None Career: Soldier, Planter Buried: Family vault, Mount Vernon, Virginia George Washington Image Gallery More images » I can only say that I have contributed towards the organization and administration of the Government the best exertions of which a very fallible judgment was capable. September 17, 1796 Citation Information Consulting Editor Stephen Knott Professor Knott is an Associate Professor in the National Security Decision Making Department at the United States Naval War College. Prior to joining the War College faculty, he served as project director for the Ronald Reagan and Edward M. Kennedy Oral History Projects at the Miller Center of Public Affairs. His writings include: The Reagan Years (Facts on File, 2005) Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth (University Press of Kansas, 2002) John Adams » American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!