James Madison (1751 – 1836) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Like his close friend Thomas Jefferson, James Madison came from a prosperous family of Virginia planters, received an excellent education, and quickly found himself drawn into the debates over independence. In 1776, he became a delegate to the revolu… more life in brief » Essays about James Madison Life in Brief Life in Brief: Like his close friend Thomas Jefferson, James Madison came from a prosperous family of Virginia planters, received an excellent education, and quickly found himself drawn into the debates over independence. In 1776, he became a delegate to the revolutionary Virginia Convention, where he worked close… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Raised on a plantation in sight of the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, James Madison, born on March 16, 1751, was a sickly child who never strayed far from his mother's side. His father, James Madison Sr., acquired substantial wealth by inheritance and also by his marriage to Nelly Conway, the… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1808: In line with the precedent established by Washington, Thomas Jefferson refused to stand for a third term, endorsing instead his friend Madison as his successor. Jefferson's wish was fulfilled by a Democratic-Republican caucus in Congress, although not with…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: During the James Madison presidency, domestic affairs took a backseat to foreign affairs, as would be expected of a nation at war. The President made this point clear in his public addresses. For example, Madison's first inauguration speech stressed his commitment to neutrality in the French-…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Just prior to James Madison's assumption of office, Congress passed the Non-Intercourse Act of 1809, which replaced Jefferson's failed embargo. It allowed the resumption of world trade with the exclusion of trade with England and France, thus barring French and British vessels from Ameri…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Madison left the White House and retired to his Virginia plantation, Montpelier, where he spent his remaining years supervising his large plantation holdings and slaves. Being a gentleman planter scarcely utilized all his energies, however, and the sixty-eight-year-old former President e…Family Life Family Life: The mild-mannered James Madison had no children of his own, and his wife's son, John Payne Todd, age eighteen in 1808, spent as much time away from the Madison household at school as he did at home. The President enjoyed few leisure hobbies other than playing chess and devouring classical l…The American Franchise The American Franchise: In 1810, the most populous state in the Union was Virginia, with 975,000 people, followed by New York (959,000), Pennsylvania (810,000), and North Carolina (556,000). The newest state, Ohio, which was admitted to the Union in 1803, held 231,000 people, nearly reaching the population of New Jersey (2…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: For many historians, Madison is a puzzle: "the Father of the Constitution," co-founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, and brilliant secretary of state under Jefferson, yet he is not rated as a spectacular President. Part of the explanation for this contrast has to do with Madi… About His Administration First Lady Dolley Madison Vice President Elbridge Gerry (1813-1814) George Clinton (1809-1812) Secretary of State James Monroe (1811–1817) Robert Smith (1809–1811) Attorney General Richard Rush (1814–1817) William Pinkney (1811–1814) Caesar A. Rodney (1809–1811) Postmaster General Return J. Meigs Jr. (1814–1817) Gideon Granger (1809–1814) Secretary of the Treasury William H. Crawford (1816–1817) Alexander J. Dallas (1814- 1816) George W. Campbell (1814) Albert Gallatin (1809–1814) Secretary of the Navy Benjamin W. Crowninshield (1815–1817) William Jones (1813–1814) Paul Hamilton (1809–1812) Secretary of War George Graham (1816–1817) William H. Crawford (1815–1816) Alexander J. Dallas (1815) James Monroe (1814–1815) John Armstrong (1813–1814) William Eustis (1809–1812) Facts about James Madison Term: 4th President of the United States (1809 – 1817) Born: March 16, 1751, Port Conway, Virginia Political Party: Democratic-Republican Died: June 28, 1836 Nickname: "Father of the Constitution” Education: College of New Jersey (now Princeton University, graduated 1771) Religion: Episcopalian Marriage: September 15, 1794, to Dolley Payne Todd (1768–1849) Children: None Career: Politician, Planter Buried: Montpelier, Orange County, Virginia WritingsWritings (9 vols., 1900–1910), ed. by Gaillard Hunt; The Papers of James Madison (1962–), ed. by W. T. Hutchinson, R. A. Rutland, et al. James Madison Image Gallery More images » Our country abounds in the necessaries, the arts, and the comforts of life. March 4, 1813 Citation Information Consulting Editor J.C.A. Stagg Professor Stagg is the editor-in-chief of the Papers of James Madison Project and a history professor at the University of Virginia. In addition to the volumes of Madison’s papers, his writings include: Mr. Madison’s War: Politics, Diplomacy and Warfare in the Early American Republic, 1783–1830 (Princeton University Press, 1983) James Monroe » « Thomas Jefferson American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!