Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890 – 1969) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Born in Texas and raised in Kansas, Dwight D. Eisenhower was one of America's greatest military commanders and the thirty-fourth President of the United States. Inspired by the example of a friend who was going to the U.S. Naval Academy, Eise… more life in brief » Essays about Dwight D. Eisenhower Life in Brief Life in Brief: Born in Texas and raised in Kansas, Dwight D. Eisenhower was one of America's greatest military commanders and the thirty-fourth President of the United States. Inspired by the example of a friend who was going to the U.S. Naval Academy, Eisenhower won an appointment to the U.S. Military Aca… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Born on October 14, 1890, in a house by the railroad tracks in Denison, Texas, Dwight David Eisenhower spent his youth in the small farm town of Abilene, Kansas. His father, David, worked as a mechanic in a local creamery. His mother, Ida, a Mennonite, was a religious pacifist who opposed war. Eisen… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1952: During an extraordinary military career, Dwight D. Eisenhower had done some things that few, if any, Americans had ever experienced. But he had not done something that was extremely common—he had never voted. Yet in 1948, many Americans hoped that the general wo…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: Although there were dangerous moments in the Cold War during the 1950s, people often remember the Eisenhower years as "happy days," a time when Americans did not have to worry about depression or war, as they had in the 1930s and 1940s, or difficult and divisive issues, as they did in the …Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Dwight D. Eisenhower brought a "New Look" to U.S. national security policy in 1953. The main elements of the New Look were: (1) maintaining the vitality of the U.S. economy while still building sufficient strength to prosecute the Cold War; (2) relying on nuclear weapons to deter Communist…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Dwight D. Eisenhower retired to a farm on the edge of the Civil War battlefield in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He raised Angus cattle, painted, and spent more time than ever before with Mamie. He entertained members of "the gang" (See Family Life section) both at Gettysburg and in Indian Wel…Family Life Family Life: Before he became President, Dwight D. Eisenhower had to balance family life against the obligations of military life. Duty took him to many different locations within the United States and around the world. At various times during the 1920s and 1930s, he and Mamie lived in Paris and the Panama Canal…The American Franchise The American Franchise: Dwight D. Eisenhower was older than any previous President, leaving office at the age of 70. Yet the Eisenhower years are remembered not because there was a grandfather in the White House but because there were so many children in millions of American homes. Eisenhower was President during the baby …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Dwight D. Eisenhower's reputation among historians has changed dramatically in the last five decades. A poll of prominent historians in 1962 placed Eisenhower 22nd among Presidents, a barely average chief executive who was as successful as Chester A. Arthur and a notch better than Andrew Johnson… About His Administration First Lady Mamie Eisenhower Vice President Richard Nixon (1953–1961) Secretary of State Christian A. Herter (1959–1961) John Foster Dulles (1953–1959) Secretary of Defense Thomas S. Gates Jr. (1959–1961) Neil H. McElroy (1957–1959) Charles E. Wilson (1953–1957) Secretary of the Interior Frederick A. Seaton (1956–1961) Douglas J. McKay (1953–1956) Attorney General William P. Rogers (1957–1961) Herbert Brownell, Jr. (1953–1957) Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield (1953–1961) Secretary of the Treasury Robert B. Anderson (1957–1961) George M. Humphrey (1953–1957) Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell (1953–1961) Martin P. Durkin (1953) Secretary of Commerce Frederick H. Mueller (1959–1961) Lewis Strauss (1958–1959) Sinclair Weeks (1953–1958) Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson (1953–1961) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Arthur Flemming (1958–1961) Marion B. Folsom (1955–1958) Oveta Culp Hobby (1953–1955) Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Recordings view all recordings » Facts about Dwight D. Eisenhower Term: 34th President of the United States (1953 – 1961) Born: October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas Political Party: Republican Died: March 28, 1969 Nickname: “Ike” Education: U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York (graduated 1915) Religion: Presbyterian Marriage: July 1, 1916, to Mary “Mamie” Geneva Doud (1896–1979) Children: Doud Dwight (1917–1921); John Sheldon Doud (1922–2013) Career: Soldier Buried: Abilene, Kansas WritingsCrusade in Europe (1948); The White House Years (2 vols.), vol. 1: Mandate for Change (1963), vol. 2: Waging Peace (1965); At Ease: Stories I Tell to Friends (1967) Dwight D. Eisenhower Image Gallery More images » Dwight D. Eisenhower Exhibits ‘An Exceptional Alliance: Johnson, Eisenhower, and the Vietnam War’ President Johnson, like Kennedy before him, demonstrated impressive political savvy by including Eisenhower’s advice in determining policy. Johnson forged a strong bi-partisan relationship with his predecessor, appealing to Eisenhower both as a friend and a sage. ‘Executive Privilege’ Presidents as far back as George Washington have claimed executive privilege on the grounds that a president must be able to receive candid advice from advisors and experts in order to govern appropriately. However, after President Nixon and Watergate, executive privilege has been viewed with increasing suspicion by both Congress and the public. This exhibit reflects on executive privilege as used by George Washington, Grover Cleveland, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush, and Bill Clinton. more exhibits » Citation Information Consulting Editor Chester J. Pach, Jr. Professor Pach is an associate professor of history at Ohio University and former director of the Contemporary History Institute. His writings include: Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower (part of the American Presidency Series, co-authored with Elmo Richardson, University Press of Kansas, 1991) Arming the Free World: The Origins of the United States Military Assistance Program, 1945–1950 (University of North Carolina Press, 1991) John F. Kennedy » « Harry S. Truman American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!