Miller Center

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882 – 1945)

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Life in Brief: Faced with the Great Depression and World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt, nicknamed “FDR,” guided America through its greatest domestic crisis, with the exception of the Civil War, and its greatest foreign crisis. His presidency—which spanned tw… more life in brief »

Essays about Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Recordings

Facts about Franklin D. Roosevelt

Term
:
32nd President of the United States (1933 – 1945)
Born
:
January 30, 1882, Hyde Park, New York
Political Party
:
Democrat
Died
:
April 12, 1945
Nickname
:
“FDR”
Education
:
Harvard College (graduated 1903), Columbia Law School
Religion
:
Episcopalian
Marriage
:
March 17, 1905, to Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884–1962)
Children
:
Anna Eleanor (1906–1975), James (1907–1991), Franklin Delano Jr. (1909), Elliott (1910–1990), Franklin Delano Jr. (1914–1988), John Aspinwall (1916–1981)
Career
:
Public Official, Lawyer
Buried
:
Hyde Park, New York
Writings

The Happy Warrior, Alfred E. Smith (1928), F.D.R.: His Personal Letters (4 vols., 1947-50), ed. by Elliott Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt Exhibits

‘“Some Fool Thing”’

Reflecting upon a recent bellicose statement by the head of the Japanese Press Association, FDR speculated with aides about the degree to which those remarks reflected official Japanese policy.

‘African Americans and the U.S. Military’

Meeting with Civil Rights leaders A. Philip Randolph and Walter White, President Roosevelt considers various options for integrating the U.S. military and preparedness efforts.

‘The Tripartite Pact’

Press conference response to question on the Tripartite Pact.

‘The G.I. Bill’

On July 28, 1943, in his Fireside Chat 25, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid out what he believed returning servicemen were entitled to when they came home from World War II. His conditions became the basis for the Serviceman’s Readjustment Act, known informally as the G.I. Bill, which Congress passed in 1944. The G.I. Bill has been amended and expanded and is still in existence today.

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I call for effort, courage, sacrifice, devotion. Granting the love of freedom, all of these are possible. And the love of freedom is still fierce and steady in the nation today.
June 10, 1940

Citation Information

Consulting Editor

William E. Leuchtenburg

Professor Leuchtenburg is the William Rand Kenan Jr. Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His writings include:

The White House Looks South: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson (Louisiana State University Press, 2005)

The FDR Years: On Roosevelt and His Legacy (Columbia University Press, 1995)

The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-32 (University of Chicago Press, 1993)

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940 (Harper Collins, 1963)

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