Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence, spent his childhood roaming the woods and studying his books on a remote plantation in the Virginia Piedmont. Thanks to the prosperity of his father, Jefferson had an excellent educatio… more life in brief » Essays about Thomas Jefferson Life in Brief Life in Brief: Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence, spent his childhood roaming the woods and studying his books on a remote plantation in the Virginia Piedmont. Thanks to the prosperity of his father, Jefferson had an excellent education. After years in boarding school, where he excell… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell plantation in western Virginia. His first childhood memory, at age three, was of the fifty-mile horseback ride he took with his father's slave into the Virginia wilderness. This journey was undertaken with his family as they moved to a… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1796: From 1794 to 1797, Thomas Jefferson operated as the informal leader of what would become the nation's first opposition political party, the Democratic-Republicans. This party vocally challenged Hamilton's political views. When Washington declined to ru…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: In Thomas Jefferson's mind, the first order of business for him as President was the establishment of a "wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another" but which would otherwise leave them alone to regulate their own affairs. He wanted a government that…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Although Thomas Jefferson came to power determined to limit the reach of the federal government, foreign affairs dominated his presidency and pushed him toward Federalist policies that greatly contrasted with his political philosophy. The first foreign episode involved Jefferson's war with the B…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: With the inauguration of his handpicked successor, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson retired to his Virginia plantation home, Monticello. The former President was happy to be free from executive duties and eager to satisfy his boundless curiosity for life. In retirement, Jefferson pursued science and …Family Life Family Life: The simplicity of Thomas Jefferson's first inauguration set the social tone of his administration. He thereafter reduced the number of presidential balls, state dinners, and formal parties while greatly expanding private dinners, evening discussions, and gatherings of guests for readings in phil…The American Franchise The American Franchise: Although the so-called Revolution of 1800 saw no revolutionary changes in the American political scene, it was the dawning of a new age. The willingness of the Federalists to peacefully hand over power and to accept political defeat was extraordinary in a world controlled by kings and military l…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Thomas Jefferson's presidency initiated the quarter-century rule of the "Virginia Dynasty" (1801-1825), including the presidencies of loyal Jeffersonians James Madison (1809-1817) and James Monroe (1817-1825). As the center of political gravity shifted southward with t… About His Administration First Lady Martha Jefferson Randolph, Maria Jefferson Eppes, Dolley Madison Vice President George Clinton (1805-1809) Aaron Burr (1801-1805) Secretary of State James Madison (1801–1809) Attorney General Caesar A. Rodney (1807–1809) John Breckinridge (1805–1806) Levi Lincoln (1801–1804) Postmaster General Gideon Granger (1801–1809) Joseph Habersham (1801) Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin (1801–1809) Samuel Dexter (1801) Secretary of the Navy Robert Smith (1805–1809) Jacob Crowninshield (1805) Robert Smith (1801–1805) Benjamin Stoddert (1801) Secretary of War Henry Dearborn (1801–1809) Facts about Thomas Jefferson Term: 3rd President of the United States (1801 – 1809) Born: April 13, 1743, Shadwell plantation, Goochland County, Virginia Political Party: Democratic-Republican Died: July 04, 1826 Nickname: “Man of the People,” “Sage of Monticello” Education: College of William and Mary (graduated 1762) Religion: No formal affiliation Marriage: January 1, 1772, to Martha Wayles Skelton (1748–1782) Children: Martha (1772–1836), Jane Randolph (1774–1775), infant son (1777), Mary (1778–1804), Lucy Elizabeth (1780–1781), Lucy Elizabeth (1782–1785) Career: Lawyer, Planter Buried: Monticello, near Charlottesville, Virginia WritingsWritings (10 vols., 1892–99), ed. by Paul L. Ford; The Papers of Thomas Jefferson (1950– ), ed. by Julian P. Boyd; Notes on the State of Virginia 1781 (1955), ed. by William Peden; Autobiography (1959), ed. by Dumas Malone Thomas Jefferson Image Gallery More images » Citation Information Consulting Editor Peter Onuf Professor Onuf is the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History at the University of Virginia. His writings include: Jefferson’s Empire: The Language of American Nationhood (University Press of Virginia, 2001) Statehood and Union: A History of the Northwest Ordinance (Indiana University Press, 1987) Origins of the Federal Republic: Jurisdictional Controversies in the United States, 1775–1787 (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983) James Madison » « John Adams American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!