Millard Fillmore (1800 – 1874) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Born into desperate poverty at the dawn of the nineteenth century, Millard Fillmore climbed to the highest office in the land—and inherited a nation breaking into fragments over the question of slavery. Despite his best efforts, the lines of the fu… more life in brief » Essays about Millard Fillmore Life in Brief Life in Brief: Born into desperate poverty at the dawn of the nineteenth century, Millard Fillmore climbed to the highest office in the land—and inherited a nation breaking into fragments over the question of slavery. Despite his best efforts, the lines of the future battles of the Civil War were drawn, and Fill… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Millard Fillmore came into the world just one week into the nineteenth century. His large, desperately poor family knew little but struggle and failure. Nathaniel and Phoebe Fillmore had originally lived in Vermont, but by the time of Millard's birth on January 7, 1800, they had settled in upsta… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1848: Millard Fillmore remained loyal to Henry Clay heading into the Whig nominating convention, but the presidency would elude Clay yet again. Southern proslavery forces in the party mistrusted his compromise policies. Meanwhile, the recent Mexican War had made heroes …Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: When Zachary Taylor became ill on July 4, 1850, Millard Fillmore knew that the President was dying. When the President finally passed away, Fillmore passed a sleepless night, brooding over what lay ahead. The nation was embroiled in a sectional crisis of the first order, and all eyes would be on the…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Despite the congressional debates that raged on over the issue of slavery during Millard Fillmore's term in office, the President had a foreign policy agenda that emphasized expanding trade while limiting American commitments outside the Western Hemisphere. Asia Pacific: Japan and Hawaii For n…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Millard Fillmore and his family welcomed the escape from Washington after Pierce's election; they had never liked the city. Abigail Fillmore had been so unwell during most of the administration that her daughter, Mary, had been pressed into hostess duty for White House functions. The city, howev…Family Life Family Life: Millard Fillmore did not smoke, drink, or gamble in an era when almost every American man partook in at least one of these vices. With the recent death of President Taylor and a wife who was often unwell, social occasions at the Fillmore White House were few and far between. The family preferred to …The American Franchise The American Franchise: The United States in the 1850s was rapidly becoming an industrial power. Clipper ships had mastered the dangerous voyage around Cape Horn, which opened up the West and the Pacific to trade from the East. Whaling vessels brought the oil needed for industry and households from eastern coastal waters. …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: It is often said that the best compromise is the type that pleases none of the compromisers. By the end of his presidency, Millard Fillmore knew this all too well. By championing the Compromise of 1850, he can be credited for keeping America from civil war for more than a decade. The political cost … About His Administration First Lady Abigail Fillmore Vice President none Secretary of State Edward Everett (1852–1853) John M. Clayton (1850–1850) Daniel Webster (1850–1852) Secretary of the Interior Thomas M. T. McKennan (1850–1850) Alexander H. H. Stuart (1850–1853) Attorney General Reverdy Johnson (1850–1850) John J. Crittenden (1850–1853) Postmaster General Nathan K. Hall (1850–1852) Samuel D. Hubbard (1852–1853) Jacob Collamer (1850–1850) Secretary of the Treasury Thomas Ewing (1850–1850) William M. Meredith (1850–1850) Thomas Corwin (1850–1853) Secretary of the Navy John P. Kennedy (1852–1853) William B. Preston (1850–1850) William A. Graham (1850–1852) Secretary of War George W. Crawford (1850–1850) Charles M. Conrad (1850–1853) Facts about Millard Fillmore Term: 13th President of the United States (1850 – 1853) Born: January 7, 1800, Summerhill, New York Political Party: Whig Died: March 08, 1874 Nickname: "The American Louis Philippe" Education: Six months of grade school; read law in 1822 Religion: Unitarian Marriage: February 5, 1826, to Abigail Powers (1798–1853); February 10, 1858, to Caroline Carmichael McIntosh (1813–1881) Children: Millard Powers (1828–1889), Mary Abigail (1832 Career: Lawyer Buried: Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York Millard Fillmore Image Gallery More images » The Constitution has made it the duty of the President to take care that the laws be faithfully executed. December 2, 1850 Citation Information Consulting Editor Michael F. Holt Professor Holt is the Langbourne M. Williams Professor of American History at the University of Virginia. His writings include: The Civil War and Reconstruction (Co-authored with Jean H. Baker and David Herbert Donald, W.W. Norton, 2001) The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War (Oxford University Press, 1999) Political Parties and American Political Development from the age of Jackson to the age of Lincoln (Louisiana State University Press, 1992) Franklin Pierce » « Zachary Taylor American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!