Chester A. Arthur (1829 – 1886) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Chester Arthur was the fifth child of a fervent abolitionist preacher who moved his family from one Baptist parish to the next throughout New York and Vermont. Attending Union College, Arthur showed far more interest in extracurricular activities and… more life in brief » Essays about Chester A. Arthur Life in Brief Life in Brief: Chester Arthur was the fifth child of a fervent abolitionist preacher who moved his family from one Baptist parish to the next throughout New York and Vermont. Attending Union College, Arthur showed far more interest in extracurricular activities and political demonstrations than in his studies. As … Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Chester Alan Arthur was born on October 5, 1829, in a small log cabin in Fairfield, Vermont. The son of Malvina Arthur and the Reverend William Arthur, a passionate abolitionist, young Chester and his family migrated from one Baptist parish to another in Vermont and New York. The fifth of eight chil… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1880: Since President Rutherford B. Hayes had declared that he was only going to serve one term (1877-1881), the 1880 election was wide open. Party boss Roscoe Conkling's candidate, former President Ulysses S. Grant, and Senator James G. Blaine were the leading …Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: No President ever came to power who was better equipped to handle the management of a federal bureaucracy than Chester Arthur. His service as quartermaster general for New York and as the collector of the New York Customs House had provided him with a wealth of administrative experience. Those who k…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Although domestic affairs dominated the Arthur administration, his presidency is remembered for having taken the crucial first steps in building a modern navy. Known as the "Father of the Steel Navy," Arthur sought the construction of steam-powered steel cruisers, steel rams, and steel…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Chester A. Arthur died on November 18, 1886, of Bright's disease, a then-fatal kidney ailment. He was first diagnosed with the disease in 1882 and kept it secret. Knowing that his condition was fatal, Arthur made little effort to seek nomination for a second term, although he did not oppose …Family Life Family Life: Arthur's wife died of pneumonia in 1880, thus he entered the White House as a widower. The marriage was on the verge of dissolution, for she was losing tolerance for late hours and high living. Although never a doting father, Arthur loved his son, Chester Alan Jr., a student at the College of N…The American Franchise The American Franchise: Chester Alan Arthur served as President at a time when the nation's population reached 50 million. Men voted and were expected to exhibit stern loyalty to a political party. Boss politics dominated the day. Women, who could not vote, were expected to stand outside the party system, attentive to…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Historians view the Chester Arthur presidency as an important surprise, one that no one would have expected. Put simply, he performed well in office, defying his state-based reputation as a slick machine politician. Despite his poor health, he attempted to govern competently, and he succeeded to… About His Administration First Lady Mary McElroy Secretary of State Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (1881–1885) James G. Blaine (1881–1881) Secretary of the Interior Samuel J. Kirkwood (1881–1882) Henry M. Teller (1882–1885) Attorney General Isaac Wayne MacVeagh (1881–1881) Benjamin H. Brewster (1882–1885) Postmaster General Frank Hatton (1884–1885) Thomas L. James (1881–1881) Timothy O. Howe (1881–1883) Walter Q. Gresham (1883–1884) Secretary of the Treasury Charles J. Folger (1881–1884) Walter Q. Gresham (1884–1884) Hugh McCulloch (1884–1885) William Windom (1881–1881) Secretary of the Navy William H. Hunt (1881–1882) William E. Chandler (1882–1885) Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln (1881–1885) Facts about Chester A. Arthur Term: 21st President of the United States (1881 – 1885) Born: October 5, 1829, Fairfield, Vermont Political Party: Republican Died: November 18, 1886 Nickname: "The Gentleman Boss" Education: Union College (graduated 1848) Religion: Episcopalian Marriage: October 25, 1859, to Ellen Lewis Herndon (1837–1880) Children: William Lewis Herndon (1860–1863), Chester Alan (1864–1937), Ellen Herndon (1871–1915) Career: Lawyer Buried: Albany, New York Chester A. Arthur Image Gallery More images » It is a matter for congratulation that the business of the country has been so prosperous during the past year... December 6, 1881 Citation Information Consulting Editor Justus Doenecke Professor Doenecke is a professor emeritus of history at the New College of Florida. His writings include: The Presidencies of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (University Press of Kansas, 1981) Debating Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Foreign Policies, 1933–1945 (With Mark S. Stoler, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005) Grover Cleveland » « James A. Garfield American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!