Theodore Roosevelt (1858 – 1919) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Theodore Roosevelt, who came into office in 1901 and served until 1909, is considered the first modern President because he significantly expanded the influence and power of the executive office. From the Civil War to the turn of the twentieth centur… more life in brief » Essays about Theodore Roosevelt Life in Brief Life in Brief: Theodore Roosevelt, who came into office in 1901 and served until 1909, is considered the first modern President because he significantly expanded the influence and power of the executive office. From the Civil War to the turn of the twentieth century, the seat of power in the national government re… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, and grew up in New York City, the second of four children. His father, Theodore, Sr., was a well-to-do businessman and philanthropist. His mother, Martha "Mittie" Roosevelt, was a Southerner, raised on a plantation in Georgia. "… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1904: After Roosevelt acceded to the presidency in 1901, he soon began to think about how to win election as President in his own right. He realized that although he did not always agree with conservative Republicans in Congress, he needed their support in order to win …Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: When Theodore Roosevelt took the oath of office in September 1901, he presided over a country that had changed significantly in recent decades. The population of the United States had almost doubled from 1870 to 1900 as immigrants came to U.S. cities to work in the country's burgeoning factories…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Theodore Roosevelt inherited an empire-in-the-making when he assumed office in 1901. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States. In addition, the United States established a protectorate over Cuba and annexed Hawaii…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: After losing the 1912 election to Woodrow Wilson (see "Campaigns and Elections" for details), Roosevelt and his son Kermit embarked on a voyage into the jungles of Brazil to explore the River of Doubt in the Amazon region. During the seven-month, 15,000-mile expedition, Roosevelt c…Family Life Family Life: The nation had never known a family in the White House quite like the Roosevelts. The public loved to follow the adventures of the Roosevelt clan; the President understood that his family was a political asset and made it available, to some degree, to the media. When Roosevelt married Edith Kermit C…The American Franchise The American Franchise: The nation's population numbered 76 million people in 1900. Eight years later, by the end of Roosevelt's second term, it had increased to 88 million. At the same time, the United States was becoming an urban nation, with wider segments of the population joining the workforce. The percentage …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Theodore Roosevelt is widely regarded as the first modern President of the United States. The stature and influence that the office has today began to develop with TR. Throughout the second half of the 1800s, Congress had been the most powerful branch of government. And although the presidency began… About His Administration First Lady Edith Roosevelt Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks Secretary of State Robert Bacon (1909) Elihu Root (1905–1909) John M. Hay (1901–1905) Secretary of the Interior James R. Garfield (1907–1909) Ethan A. Hitchcock (1901–1907) Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte (1906–1909) William H. Moody (1904–1906) Philander C. Knox (1901–1904) Postmaster General George von Lengerke Meyer (1907–1909) George B. Cortelyou (1905–1907) Robert J. Wynne (1904–1905) Henry C. Payne (1902–1904) Charles E. Smith (1901–1902) Secretary of the Treasury George B. Cortelyou (1907–1909) Leslie M. Shaw (1902–1907) Lyman J. Gage (1901–1902) Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson (1901–1909) Secretary of Commerce and Labor Oscar S. Straus (1906–1909) Victor H. Metcalf (1904–1906) George B. Cortelyou (1903–1904) Secretary of the Navy Truman H. Newberry (1908–1909) Victor H. Metcalf (1906–1908) Charles J. Bonaparte (1905–1906) Paul Morton (1904–1905) William H. Moody (1902–1904) John D. Long (1901–1902) Secretary of War Luke Wright (1908–1909) William H. Taft (1904–1908) Elihu Root (1901–1904) Facts about Theodore Roosevelt Term: 26th President of the United States (1901 – 1909) Born: October 27, 1858, New York, New York Political Party: Republican Died: January 06, 1919 Nickname: “TR”, “Trust-Buster”, “Teddy” Education: Harvard College (graduated 1880) Religion: Dutch Reformed Marriage: October 27, 1880, to Alice Hathaway Lee (1861–1884), December 2, 1886, to Edith Kermit Carow (1861–1948) Children: Alice Lee (1884–1980), Theodore (1887–1944), Kermit (1889–1943), Ethel Carow (1891–1977), Archibald Bulloch (1894–1979), Quentin (1897–1918) Career: Author, Lawyer, Public Official Buried: Oyster Bay, New York WritingsThe Naval War of 1812 (1882), The Winning of the West (1889-96), African Game Trails (1910), Autobiography (1913), America and the World War (1915) Theodore Roosevelt Image Gallery More images » Much has been given us, and much will rightfully be expected from us. We have duties to others and duties to ourselves; and we can shirk neither. We have become a great nation, forced by the fact of its greatness into relations with the other nations of the earth, and we must behave as beseems a people with such responsibilities. March 4, 1905 Citation Information Consulting Editor Sidney Milkis Professor Milkis is the White Burkett Miller Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia and Assistant Director for Academic Programs at the Miller Center of Public Affairs. His writings include: American Government: Balancing Democracy and Rights (Co-authored with Marc Landy, McGraw-Hill, 2004) Presidential Greatness (Co-authored with Marc Landy, University Press of Kansas, 2000) Progressivism and the New Democracy (Co-edited with Jerome Mileur, University of Massachusetts Press, 1999) The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776–1990 (Co-authored with Michael Nelson, CQ Press, 1990) William Taft » « William McKinley American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!