Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: When Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860, seven slave states left the Union to form the Confederate States of America, and four more joined when hostilities began between the North and South. A bloody civil war then engulfed the nation as L… more life in brief » Essays about Abraham Lincoln Life in Brief Life in Brief: When Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860, seven slave states left the Union to form the Confederate States of America, and four more joined when hostilities began between the North and South. A bloody civil war then engulfed the nation as Lincoln vowed to preserve the Union, enforce the la… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: The man who preserved the Union and issued the Emancipation Proclamation came into the world on February 12, 1809. Abraham Lincoln was born in humble surroundings, a one-room log cabin with dirt floors in Hardin County, Kentucky. His father, Thomas Lincoln, could not read and could barely sign h… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1860: Going into the presidential election of 1860, the issue of slavery had heated the nation to the boiling point. How were the political parties going to maintain unity in the midst of such intense sectional conflict? Winning Republican Support After Abraham Lincol…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: Abraham Lincoln's presidential campaign victory lit the fuse that would explode into the Civil War. Between the time of his election in November and his inauguration in March of 1861, seven states from the lower South seceded from the Union. Delegates from these states met in Montgomery, Alabama…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: A key part of Abraham Lincoln's military strategy rested upon an effective blockade of the South's 3,500 miles of shoreline, including a dozen major ports and nearly two hundred inlets, bays, and navigable rivers. This was an almost impossible task for a nation with only a handful of naval s…Family Life Family Life: The Lincoln family in the White House established a routine of sorts that reflected the presence of their sons, the demands of war, and the highly complex and many-sided character of Abraham and Mary. On a superficial level, the day went from breakfast together as a family at 8:00 in the morning…The American Franchise The American Franchise: An astounding 81 percent of the eligible voters went to the polls in 1860; four years later, the number had dropped to just under 74 percent. Census figures revealed that the nation's population in 1860 numbered 31,443 321 people, an increase of nearly 36 percent since 1850. (In no decade since …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: In 1982, forty-nine historians and political scientists were asked by the Chicago Tribune to rate all the Presidents through Jimmy Carter in five categories: leadership qualities, accomplishments/crisis management, political skills, appointments, and character/integrity. At the top of the list s… About His Administration First Lady Mary Lincoln Vice President Andrew Johnson (1865) Hannibal Hamlin (1861–1865) Secretary of State William H. Seward (1861–1865) Secretary of the Interior James Harlan (1865) Caleb B. Smith (1861–1863) John P. Usher (1863–1865) Attorney General Edward Bates (1861–1864) James Speed (1864–1865) Postmaster General Montgomery Blair (1861–1864) William Dennison (1864–1865) Secretary of the Treasury William P. Fessenden (1864–1865) Hugh McCulloch (1865–1865) Salmon P. Chase (1861–1864) Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles (1861–1865) Secretary of War Simon Cameron (1861–1862) Edwin M. Stanton (1862–1865) Facts about Abraham Lincoln Term: 16th President of the United States (1861 – 1865) Born: February 12, 1809, Hardin (now Larue) County, Kentucky Political Party: Whig; Republican Died: April 15, 1865 Nickname: “Honest Abe”; “Illinois Rail-Splitter” Religion: No formal affiliation Marriage: November 4, 1842, to Mary Todd (1818–1882) Children: Robert Todd (1843–1926), Edward Baker (1846–1850), William Wallace (1850–1862), Thomas “Tad” (1853–1871) Career: Lawyer Buried: Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois WritingsCollected Works of Abraham Lincoln (8 vols., 1953–55), ed. by Roy P. Basler Abraham Lincoln Image Gallery More images » With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation’s wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan... March 4, 1865 Citation Information Consulting Editor Michael Burlingame Professor Burlingame is the May Buckley Sadowski ’19 Professor Emeritus of History at Connecticut College. His writings include: Abraham Lincoln: A Life (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008) With Lincoln in the White House: Letters, Memoranda And Other Writings Of John G. Nicolay, 1860–1865 (Southern Illinois University Press, 2006) Lincoln Observed: Civil War Dispatches of Noah Brooks (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998) Inside Lincoln’s White House: The Complete Civil War Diary of John Hay (Southern Illinois University Press, 1997) The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln (University of Illinois Press, 1994) Andrew Johnson » « James Buchanan American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!