Richard Nixon (1913 – 1994) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen y… more life in brief » Essays about Richard Nixon Life in Brief Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen years, he went from obscurity to a heartbeat from t… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: While courting common voters, Nixon made the most of his common origins; biographers, both sympathetic and critical, have tended to follow suit. He was born in one small California town (Yorba Linda) and grew up in another (East Whittier). His parents were in some ways opposites—Frank Nixo… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Election of 1968: Richard Nixon's presidential defeat in 1960 and gubernatorial defeat in 1962 gave him the reputation of a loser. He spent six years shaking it before he could win the 1968 Republican presidential nomination. During that time, he joined a prestigious law firm in New York Ci…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The Nixon administration marked the end of America's long period of post-World War II prosperity and the onset of a period of high inflation and unemployment-"stagflation." Unemployment was unusually low when Nixon took office in January 1969 (3.3 percent), but inflation was ri…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: President Richard Nixon, like his arch-rival President John F. Kennedy, was far more interested in foreign policy than in domestic affairs. It was in this arena that Nixon intended to make his mark. Although his base of support was within the conservative wing of the Republican Party, and althou…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Remarks on Pardoning Richard Nixon (September 8, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive When President Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, Gerald Ford assumed the presidency, telling Americans, "Our long national nightmare is over." On September 8, President Ford pardon…Family Life Family Life: Richard and Pat Nixon were married in 1940, and she supported him throughout the ups and downs of his long political career. The Nixons had two children-Patricia "Tricia" and Julie-who were both grown when Nixon became President. Julie married David Eisenhower, one of Dwight Eisenh…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Richard Nixon's six years in the White House remain widely viewed as pivotal in American military, diplomatic, and political history. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-s… About His Administration First Lady Thelma Nixon Vice President Gerald Ford (1973–1974) Spiro T. Agnew (1969–1973) Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (1973–1974) William P. Rogers (1969–1973) Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger (1973–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) Melvin R. Laird (1969–1973) Secretary of the Interior Rogers C. B. Morton (1971–1974) Walter J. Hickel (1969–1970) Attorney General William B. Saxbe (1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) Richard G. Kleindienst (1972–1973) John N. Mitchell (1969–1972) Postmaster General Winton M. Blount (1969–1971) Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon (1974) George P. Shultz (1972–1974) John B. Connally (1971–1972) David M. Kennedy (1969–1971) Secretary of Labor Peter J. Brennan (1973–1974) James D. Hodgson (1970–1973) George P. Shultz (1969–1970) Secretary of Commerce Frederick B. Dent (1973–1974) Peter G. Peterson (1972–1973) Maurice H. Stans (1969–1972) Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz (1971–1974) Clifford M. Hardin (1969–1971) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Caspar Weinberger (1973–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1970–1973) Robert Finch (1969–1970) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development James T. Lynn (1973–1974) George W. Romney (1969–1973) Secretary of Transportion Claude S. Brinegar (1973–1974) John A. Volpe (1969–1973) Richard Nixon Presidential Recordings Nixon Conversation 025-041 Tape 32, Conversation 52 (032_052) Tape 771, Conversation 3 (771_02b) Tape 368, Conversation 36 (368_36) Tape 31, Conversation 132 (031_132) view all recordings » Facts about Richard Nixon Term: 37th President of the United States (1969 – 1974) Born: January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, California Political Party: Republican Died: April 22, 1994 Nickname: None Education: Whittier College (1934); Duke University Law School (1937) Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker) Marriage: June 21, 1940, to Thelma “Patricia” Catherine Ryan (1912–1993) Children: Patricia (1946– ); Julie (1948– ) Career: Lawyer, Public Official Buried: Yorba Linda, California WritingsSix Crises (1962); RN (1978); The Real War (1980); Leaders (1982); Real Peace (1983); No More Vietnams (1985); 1999:Victory without War (1988); In the Arena (1990); Seize the Moment (1992); Beyond Peace (1994) Richard Nixon Image Gallery More images » Richard Nixon Exhibits ‘This Will be Forgotten’ When former President Richard Nixon agreed to televised interviews with David Frost in return for $1 million, he didn't know what he was in for. Three years after Nixon resigned the presidency, the British television personality would confront him on camera with previously unpublished transcripts from his first recorded conversation with White House political operative Charles W. "Chuck" Colson following the Watergate break-in. "The real significance" of the excerpts from the June 20, 1972, conversation, wrote Frost's researcher, James Reston, Jr., in The Conviction of Richard Nixon, "lay in the chemistry of the interview. Here was Frost at the very outset of the Watergate narrative with new and highly damaging material. What else did he have? How many new tapes would he spring? How sure could Nixon be that his old lines of defense would hold?" The confrontation is memorialized in a current Broadway play, "Frost/Nixon." In the conversation Frost quoted, Nixon and Colson minimized the importance of Watergate in comparison to another scandal which in the news at the time involving IT&T and expressed the hope that the break-in would soon be forgotten. Please note that because this recordings suffers from particularly poor sound quality, we have been unable to confirm with confidence the transcript used by Frost. That original transcript is available here. ‘Why Didn’t Nixon Burn the Tapes?’ ‘Kicking Nixon Around’ In this telephone call, the only two men to have ever beaten Richard Nixon in elections compared notes. The call took place the day after the November 6, 1962, mid-term elections. Pat Brown, a Democrat, had won re-election as Governor of California, beating Republican challenger and former Vice President, Richard M. Nixon. In publicly conceding on the morning of November 7, Nixon had blamed the press for his defeat, famously declaring to gathered reporters that "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore because, gentlemen, this is my last press conference." Political commentators regarded Nixon's political career over. ‘See if his phone is bugged or something’ more exhibits » Featured video: Address to the Nation Announcing Decision To Resign the Office of President (August 08, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive Citation Information Consulting Editor Ken Hughes Mr. Hughes coordinates the team of scholars reviewing and transcribing President Richard M. Nixon’s White House tapes, as part of the Presidential Recordings Project at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Gerald Ford » « Lyndon B. Johnson American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!