Richard Nixon (1913 – 1994) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen y… more life in brief » Essays about Richard Nixon Life in Brief Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen years, he went from obscurity to a heartbeat from t… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: While courting common voters, Nixon made the most of his common origins; biographers, both sympathetic and critical, have tended to follow suit. He was born in one small California town (Yorba Linda) and grew up in another (East Whittier). His parents were in some ways opposites—Frank Nixo… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Election of 1968: Richard Nixon's presidential defeat in 1960 and gubernatorial defeat in 1962 gave him the reputation of a loser. He spent six years shaking it before he could win the 1968 Republican presidential nomination. During that time, he joined a prestigious law firm in New York Ci…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The Nixon administration marked the end of America's long period of post-World War II prosperity and the onset of a period of high inflation and unemployment-"stagflation." Unemployment was unusually low when Nixon took office in January 1969 (3.3 percent), but inflation was ri…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: President Richard Nixon, like his arch-rival President John F. Kennedy, was far more interested in foreign policy than in domestic affairs. It was in this arena that Nixon intended to make his mark. Although his base of support was within the conservative wing of the Republican Party, and althou…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Remarks on Pardoning Richard Nixon (September 8, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive When President Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, Gerald Ford assumed the presidency, telling Americans, "Our long national nightmare is over." On September 8, President Ford pardon…Family Life Family Life: Richard and Pat Nixon were married in 1940, and she supported him throughout the ups and downs of his long political career. The Nixons had two children-Patricia "Tricia" and Julie-who were both grown when Nixon became President. Julie married David Eisenhower, one of Dwight Eisenh…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Richard Nixon's six years in the White House remain widely viewed as pivotal in American military, diplomatic, and political history. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-s… About His Administration First Lady Thelma Nixon Vice President Gerald Ford (1973–1974) Spiro T. Agnew (1969–1973) Secretary of State William P. Rogers (1969–1973) Henry Kissinger (1973–1974) Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird (1969–1973) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) James R. Schlesinger (1973–1974) Secretary of the Interior Rogers C. B. Morton (1971–1974) Walter J. Hickel (1969–1970) Attorney General John N. Mitchell (1969–1972) Richard G. Kleindienst (1972–1973) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) William B. Saxbe (1974) Postmaster General Winton M. Blount (1969–1971) Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon (1974) George P. Shultz (1972–1974) David M. Kennedy (1969–1971) John B. Connally (1971–1972) Secretary of Labor George P. Shultz (1969–1970) James D. Hodgson (1970–1973) Peter J. Brennan (1973–1974) Secretary of Commerce Maurice H. Stans (1969–1972) Peter G. Peterson (1972–1973) Frederick B. Dent (1973–1974) Secretary of Agriculture Clifford M. Hardin (1969–1971) Earl L. Butz (1971–1974) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Robert Finch (1969–1970) Elliot L. Richardson (1970–1973) Caspar Weinberger (1973–1974) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development George W. Romney (1969–1973) James T. Lynn (1973–1974) Secretary of Transportion John A. Volpe (1969–1973) Claude S. Brinegar (1973–1974) Richard Nixon Presidential Recordings Nixon Conversation 013-009 Tape 371, Conversation 16 (371_16) Tape 32, Conversation 160 (032_161) Nixon Conversation 014-020 Tape 207, Conversation 7 (207_007) view all recordings » Facts about Richard Nixon Term: 37th President of the United States (1969 – 1974) Born: January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, California Political Party: Republican Died: April 22, 1994 Nickname: None Education: Whittier College (1934); Duke University Law School (1937) Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker) Marriage: June 21, 1940, to Thelma “Patricia” Catherine Ryan (1912–1993) Children: Patricia (1946– ); Julie (1948– ) Career: Lawyer, Public Official Buried: Yorba Linda, California WritingsSix Crises (1962); RN (1978); The Real War (1980); Leaders (1982); Real Peace (1983); No More Vietnams (1985); 1999:Victory without War (1988); In the Arena (1990); Seize the Moment (1992); Beyond Peace (1994) Richard Nixon Image Gallery More images » Richard Nixon Exhibits ‘The Smoking Gun’ ‘Former Virginia Governor Linwood Holton and the Nixon Tapes’ When he assumed office in 1970, Linwood Holton became the first Republican governor of Virginia since 1874. The previous year, Richard Nixon had assumed office as the first Republican president since 1961. Below is a compilation of conversations captured on the Nixon tapes involving or mentioning Linwood Holton. ‘This is a conspiracy’ ‘Nixon and Donald Rumsfeld discuss comments by Vice President Spiro Agnew’ The unscripted remarks by Vice President Spiro Agnew were a recurring problem for President Richard Nixon. Nixon was particularly unimpressed with Agnew's habit of mixing socially with the press corps, complaining: "I know the press like him. They love to say, 'He's a nice fellow, by God, he'll drink with us.' And I know I'm considered to be very stiff with these bastards. And I will continue to be. I don't believe in getting too close to them. Never let them get too close. When Nixon sat down for this discussion with Donald Rumsfeld, then a counselor to the president, he complained of recently published comments in which Agnew had unfavorably compared African-American leader to authoritarian African leaders--Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya, and Joseph Mobutu of Congo. This clip became the subject of public debate at the time of Rumsfeld's confirmation hearing in January 2001 for the position of Secretary of Defense under George W. Bush. more exhibits » Featured video: Address to the Nation Announcing Decision To Resign the Office of President (August 08, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive Citation Information Consulting Editor Ken Hughes Mr. Hughes coordinates the team of scholars reviewing and transcribing President Richard M. Nixon’s White House tapes, as part of the Presidential Recordings Project at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Gerald Ford » « Lyndon B. Johnson American President has changed! 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