Richard Nixon (1913 – 1994) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen y… more life in brief » Essays about Richard Nixon Life in Brief Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen years, he went from obscurity to a heartbeat from t… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: While courting common voters, Nixon made the most of his common origins; biographers, both sympathetic and critical, have tended to follow suit. He was born in one small California town (Yorba Linda) and grew up in another (East Whittier). His parents were in some ways opposites—Frank Nixo… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Election of 1968: Richard Nixon's presidential defeat in 1960 and gubernatorial defeat in 1962 gave him the reputation of a loser. He spent six years shaking it before he could win the 1968 Republican presidential nomination. During that time, he joined a prestigious law firm in New York Ci…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The Nixon administration marked the end of America's long period of post-World War II prosperity and the onset of a period of high inflation and unemployment-"stagflation." Unemployment was unusually low when Nixon took office in January 1969 (3.3 percent), but inflation was ri…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: President Richard Nixon, like his arch-rival President John F. Kennedy, was far more interested in foreign policy than in domestic affairs. It was in this arena that Nixon intended to make his mark. Although his base of support was within the conservative wing of the Republican Party, and althou…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Remarks on Pardoning Richard Nixon (September 8, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive When President Richard Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974, Gerald Ford assumed the presidency, telling Americans, "Our long national nightmare is over." On September 8, President Ford pardon…Family Life Family Life: Richard and Pat Nixon were married in 1940, and she supported him throughout the ups and downs of his long political career. The Nixons had two children-Patricia "Tricia" and Julie-who were both grown when Nixon became President. Julie married David Eisenhower, one of Dwight Eisenh…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Richard Nixon's six years in the White House remain widely viewed as pivotal in American military, diplomatic, and political history. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-s… About His Administration First Lady Thelma Nixon Vice President Gerald Ford (1973–1974) Spiro T. Agnew (1969–1973) Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (1973–1974) William P. Rogers (1969–1973) Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger (1973–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) Melvin R. Laird (1969–1973) Secretary of the Interior Rogers C. B. Morton (1971–1974) Walter J. Hickel (1969–1970) Attorney General William B. Saxbe (1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) Richard G. Kleindienst (1972–1973) John N. Mitchell (1969–1972) Postmaster General Winton M. Blount (1969–1971) Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon (1974) George P. Shultz (1972–1974) John B. Connally (1971–1972) David M. Kennedy (1969–1971) Secretary of Labor Peter J. Brennan (1973–1974) James D. Hodgson (1970–1973) George P. Shultz (1969–1970) Secretary of Commerce Frederick B. Dent (1973–1974) Peter G. Peterson (1972–1973) Maurice H. Stans (1969–1972) Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz (1971–1974) Clifford M. Hardin (1969–1971) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Caspar Weinberger (1973–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1970–1973) Robert Finch (1969–1970) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development James T. Lynn (1973–1974) George W. Romney (1969–1973) Secretary of Transportion Claude S. Brinegar (1973–1974) John A. Volpe (1969–1973) Richard Nixon Presidential Recordings Tape 516, Part 1 (516a) Tape 614, Part 2 (614b) Nixon Conversation 013-070 Nixon Conversation 001-145 Tape 32, Conversation 158 (032_159) view all recordings » Facts about Richard Nixon Term: 37th President of the United States (1969 – 1974) Born: January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, California Political Party: Republican Died: April 22, 1994 Nickname: None Education: Whittier College (1934); Duke University Law School (1937) Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker) Marriage: June 21, 1940, to Thelma “Patricia” Catherine Ryan (1912–1993) Children: Patricia (1946– ); Julie (1948– ) Career: Lawyer, Public Official Buried: Yorba Linda, California WritingsSix Crises (1962); RN (1978); The Real War (1980); Leaders (1982); Real Peace (1983); No More Vietnams (1985); 1999:Victory without War (1988); In the Arena (1990); Seize the Moment (1992); Beyond Peace (1994) Richard Nixon Image Gallery More images » Richard Nixon Exhibits ‘Beating McGovern’ On November 7, 1972, Richard M. Nixon won reelection in the biggest Republican presidential landslide of the Cold War, getting 60.7 percent of the vote compared to Democrat George McGovern's 37.5 percent. He won the electoral votes of every state except Massachusetts. ‘Nixon and Billy Graham on Vietnam’ During the course of this three minute phone call at 9:52 PM, the Rev. Billy Graham congratulates President Nixon on his speech to the nation and alerts the President to an upcoming op-ed of his own to appear in the New York Times. Graham lays the blame for Vietnam at the feet of President John F. Kennedy and Kennedy's decision to support the November 1963 coup against South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem. ‘Nixon and Kissinger on South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu’ Nixon and Kissinger on South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu. ‘All the Incentives are Toward Less Medical Care’ In this conversation excerpt, domestic policy advisor John Ehrlichman briefed President Nixon on what he viewed as the advantages of relying on Health Maintenance Organizations as a key component of the U.S. health care system, using Edgar Kaiser's Permanente as an example. True HMOs at the time had been devised by health care reformers who hoped to control costs, improve patient care, and facilitate coverage for the uninsured. For Ehrichman, however, the HMO idea represented an opportunity to develop a private sector-based, profit-driven alternative to a national health care proposal offered by Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy (D-MA). Nixon succinctly endorsed the idea in this conversation, and his administration soon made it the core of what would eventually become the Health Maintenance Organization and Resources Development Act of 1973. more exhibits » Featured video: Address to the Nation Announcing Decision To Resign the Office of President (August 08, 1974) Presidential Speech Archive Citation Information Consulting Editor Ken Hughes Mr. Hughes coordinates the team of scholars reviewing and transcribing President Richard M. Nixon’s White House tapes, as part of the Presidential Recordings Project at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. Gerald Ford » « Lyndon B. Johnson American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!