Miller Center

Richard Nixon (1913 – 1994)

Life in Brief: Schoolchildren absorb at least one fact about Richard Milhous Nixon: He was the first and (so far) the only President of the United States to resign the office. Before the spectacular fall, there was an equally spectacular rise. In a half-dozen y… more life in brief »

Essays about Richard Nixon

Facts about Richard Nixon

Term
:
37th President of the United States (1969 – 1974)
Born
:
January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, California
Political Party
:
Republican
Died
:
April 22, 1994
Nickname
:
None
Education
:
Whittier College (1934); Duke University Law School (1937)
Religion
:
Society of Friends (Quaker)
Marriage
:
June 21, 1940, to Thelma “Patricia” Catherine Ryan (1912–1993)
Children
:
Patricia (1946– ); Julie (1948– )
Career
:
Lawyer, Public Official
Buried
:
Yorba Linda, California
Writings

Six Crises (1962); RN (1978); The Real War (1980); Leaders (1982); Real Peace (1983); No More Vietnams (1985); 1999:Victory without War (1988); In the Arena (1990); Seize the Moment (1992); Beyond Peace (1994)

Richard Nixon Exhibits

‘“Cap the Knife”’

Caspar W. Weinberger, the Reagan-era defense secretary who died March 28, 2006, got his start in the executive branch from President Richard M. Nixon. Nixon appointed him deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget in 1970. Weinberger became known as "Cap the Knife" for resisting requests for budget increases. During this June 8, 1971, Oval Office conversation, however, Nixon made it perfectly clear that Weinberger was to spend money on creating jobs and bringing down the unemployment rate from around 6.2 percent, regardless of the impact on inflation or the budget.

‘President Richard M. Nixon and Gerald Ford on Antiwar Demonstrations’

The last massive demonstration in Washington, DC, against the Vietnam War took place in May of 1971. The "Mayday Tribe" promised to disrupt the operation of the government by stopping traffic and thus preventing federal employees from getting to work. Police arrested literally thousands of people in dragnets that captured demonstrators and bystanders alike, detaining many in a football field. The charges against many were thrown out as illegal and unconstitutional, but Nixon was pleased. A few days later he had his press secretary tell reporters that Washington would handle similar protests in a similar way. In this May 5, 1971, conversation, Nixon discusses public reaction with House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford (R-Michigan), who would succeed Nixon as president, and Attorney General John Mitchell.

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Featured video:

Address to the Nation Announcing Decision To Resign the Office of President (August 08, 1974)

Presidential Speech Archive

Citation Information

Consulting Editor

Ken Hughes

Mr. Hughes coordinates the team of scholars reviewing and transcribing President Richard M. Nixon’s White House tapes, as part of the Presidential Recordings Project at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia.

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