Lyndon B. Johnson (1908 – 1973) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. The event thrust Lyndon Johnson into the presidency. A man widely considered to be one of the most expert and brilliant politicians of his time, Johnson would leave office a … more life in brief » Essays about Lyndon B. Johnson Life in Brief Life in Brief: On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. The event thrust Lyndon Johnson into the presidency. A man widely considered to be one of the most expert and brilliant politicians of his time, Johnson would leave office a little more than five years later as one of the le… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Lyndon Baines Johnson was pure Texan. His family included some of the earliest settlers of the Lone Star State. They had been cattlemen, cotton farmers, and soldiers for the Confederacy. Lyndon was born in 1908 to Sam and Rebekah Baines Johnson, the first of their five children. His mother was reser… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1964: Acceptance Speech at the Democratic National Convention (August 27, 1964) Presidential Speech Archive Lyndon Johnson's nomination for the top spot on the Democratic ticket in 1964 was a foregone conclusion, with his glittering l…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The Lyndon Johnson presidency marked a vast expansion in the role of the national government in domestic affairs. Johnson laid out his vision of that role in a commencement speech at the University of Michigan on May 22, 1964. He called on the nation to move not only toward "the rich society an…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: The major initiative in the Lyndon Johnson presidency was the Vietnam War. By 1968, the United States had 548,000 troops in Vietnam and had already lost 30,000 Americans there. Johnson's approval ratings had dropped from 70 percent in mid-1965 to below 40 percent by 1967, and with it, his ma…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Johnson's health had always been uncertain, and by the time he retired from office, he was not a well man. He spent his remaining years at his beloved ranch in Texas, tending to his investments, preparing his memoirs, and overseeing development of his presidential library. The memoirs, called Th…Family Life Family Life: Both of the Johnson children, Lynda and Luci, were married during their father's presidency, one of them in a simple White House ceremony. With the war overseas, the Johnson family cut back on the lavish entertaining that had been a Kennedy hallmark. There were occasional barbecues at the White…The American Franchise The American Franchise: There is an eloquent irony in the fact that it took a southern President to enact civil rights legislation in America. Lyndon Johnson's triumphs in this critical area emboldened minorities to assert themselves more strongly in society, and he must be considered a major player in it. He also nomi…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Lyndon Johnson's presidency began and ended with tragedy. He came into office after the death of a popular young President and provided needed continuity and stability. He advanced the Kennedy legacy, obtaining far more than Kennedy would likely have gotten out of Congress, and then won a huge l… About His Administration First Lady Claudia Johnson Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey Secretary of State Dean Rusk (1963–1969) Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford (1968–1969) Robert S. McNamara (1963–1968) Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall (1963–1969) Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy (1963–1965) Nicholas Katzenbach (1965–1967) Ramsey Clark (1967–1969) Postmaster General John A. Gronouski (1963–1965) Lawrence F. O'Brien (1965–1968) W. Marvin Watson (1968–1969) Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon (1963–1965) Henry H. Fowler (1965–1968) Joseph Barr (1968–1969) Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz (1963–1969) Secretary of Commerce Cyrus R. Smith (1968–1969) Luther H. Hodges (1963–1965) John T. Connor (1965–1967) Alexander B. Trowbridge (1967–1968) Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman (1963–1969) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Anthony J. Celebrezze (1963–1965) John W. Gardner (1965–1968) Wilbur J. Cohen (1968–1969) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Robert C. Wood (1969–1969) Robert C. Weaver (1966–1969) Secretary of Transportion Alan S. Boyd (1967–1969) Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Recordings Johnson Conversation #13711 in Nov 1968 (WH6811.02) Johnson Conversation with Jack Valenti on Nov 06, 1964 (WH6411.10) Johnson Conversation with George Meany on Mar 29, 1965 (WH6503.14) Johnson Conversation with Richard Russell on Jan 16, 1964 (WH6401.15) Johnson Conversation with Edward Boland on May 10, 1966 (WH6605.01) view all recordings » Facts about Lyndon B. Johnson Term: 36th President of the United States (1963 – 1969) Born: August 27, 1908, Johnson City, Texas Political Party: Democrat Died: January 22, 1973 Nickname: “LBJ” Education: Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now Texas State University-San Marcos), graduated 1930; Georgetown Law School, attended 1934 Religion: Disciples of Christ Marriage: November 17, 1934, to Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor (1912–2007) Children: Lynda Bird (1944– ); Luci Baines (1947– ) Career: Teacher, Public Official Buried: Near Johnson City, Texas WritingsThe Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963–1969 (1971) Lyndon B. Johnson Image Gallery More images » Lyndon B. Johnson Exhibits ‘LBJ and Eugene McCarthy on the Assassination of Dgo Dinh Diem’ The extent of the Kennedy administration's advance knowledge or even participation in the November 1, 1963, coup in South Vietnam and assassination of president Ngo Dinh Diem has been a hotly debated political and historical issue for many years. In this conversation, Presidnet Johnson offers his own interpretation of events to Senator Eugene McCarthy In the days prior to this telephone call, McCarthy had been widely quoted in the press for his criticism of the recent resumption of bombing. In this call, Johnson tried to convince McCarthy to tone down his criticism and had offered a special briefing from Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Maxwell Taylor, reason that, "I thought that if you had the information I had, that you might be assuaged somewhat, and relieved somewhat, and at least, maybe you could suggest a better alternative or something else." ‘Ground Troops and the Tonkin Gulf Resolution’ In this morning telephone conversation with the secretary of defense, Johnson expresses dismay at recent proposals, prepared by his most senior civilian officials, for U.S. action in Vietnam. Speaking with Secretary McNamara about various options open to the administration, Johnson reflects on the August 1964 Tonkin∇ Gulf Resolution and its implications for an expanded American military commitment. ‘LBJ on Affirmative Action’ One of President Johnson's priorities in filling vacancies in the federal government was to appoint more women and minorities, which he had championed as chairman of the President's Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity while vice president. In early January 1964, he had appointed two black judges to the federal bench. Here, he spoke with one of his closest black advisers--the civil rights leader and NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins about the feasibility of moving Carl Rowan from his ambassadorship in Finland to head up the United States Information Agency in Washington. This snippet displays some of Johnson's thinking about affirmative action. The specific issue is whether leaders of African nations would oppose the appointment of a black U.S. ambassador in their countries. ‘Pierre Salinger and Oliver Hallet’ Approximately 35,000 feet above the Pacific Ocean and 900 hundred miles west of Honolulu, the VIP Boeing 707 known as SAM 86972 was carrying six members of the Cabinet and Pierre Salinger to a conference in Tokyo when it received a garbled but alarming bulletin over the UPI teletype. At Dean Rusk's instruction, press secretary Pierre Salinger contacted the White House Situation Room to confirm the news about shots being fired at the President's motorcade in Dallas. Navy Commander Oliver Hallett took the inquiry from Salinger, who could not remember any code names but his own. Hallett struggled to deliver the blood-curdling confirmation dispassionately, though misstatements and his tone betrayed Hallett's own shock at the news. more exhibits » Featured video: Speech Before Congress on Voting Rights (March 15, 1965) Presidential Speech Archive Citation Information Consulting Editor Kent Germany Professor Germany is an assistant professor of history and African American studies at the University of South Carolina. His writings include: New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship, and the Search for the Great Society (University of Georgia Press, 2007) Richard Nixon » « John F. Kennedy American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!