Lyndon B. Johnson (1908 – 1973) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. The event thrust Lyndon Johnson into the presidency. A man widely considered to be one of the most expert and brilliant politicians of his time, Johnson would leave office a … more life in brief » Essays about Lyndon B. Johnson Life in Brief Life in Brief: On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. The event thrust Lyndon Johnson into the presidency. A man widely considered to be one of the most expert and brilliant politicians of his time, Johnson would leave office a little more than five years later as one of the le… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Lyndon Baines Johnson was pure Texan. His family included some of the earliest settlers of the Lone Star State. They had been cattlemen, cotton farmers, and soldiers for the Confederacy. Lyndon was born in 1908 to Sam and Rebekah Baines Johnson, the first of their five children. His mother was reser… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1964: Acceptance Speech at the Democratic National Convention (August 27, 1964) Presidential Speech Archive Lyndon Johnson's nomination for the top spot on the Democratic ticket in 1964 was a foregone conclusion, with his glittering l…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The Lyndon Johnson presidency marked a vast expansion in the role of the national government in domestic affairs. Johnson laid out his vision of that role in a commencement speech at the University of Michigan on May 22, 1964. He called on the nation to move not only toward "the rich society an…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: The major initiative in the Lyndon Johnson presidency was the Vietnam War. By 1968, the United States had 548,000 troops in Vietnam and had already lost 30,000 Americans there. Johnson's approval ratings had dropped from 70 percent in mid-1965 to below 40 percent by 1967, and with it, his ma…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Johnson's health had always been uncertain, and by the time he retired from office, he was not a well man. He spent his remaining years at his beloved ranch in Texas, tending to his investments, preparing his memoirs, and overseeing development of his presidential library. The memoirs, called Th…Family Life Family Life: Both of the Johnson children, Lynda and Luci, were married during their father's presidency, one of them in a simple White House ceremony. With the war overseas, the Johnson family cut back on the lavish entertaining that had been a Kennedy hallmark. There were occasional barbecues at the White…The American Franchise The American Franchise: There is an eloquent irony in the fact that it took a southern President to enact civil rights legislation in America. Lyndon Johnson's triumphs in this critical area emboldened minorities to assert themselves more strongly in society, and he must be considered a major player in it. He also nomi…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Lyndon Johnson's presidency began and ended with tragedy. He came into office after the death of a popular young President and provided needed continuity and stability. He advanced the Kennedy legacy, obtaining far more than Kennedy would likely have gotten out of Congress, and then won a huge l… About His Administration First Lady Claudia Johnson Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey Secretary of State Dean Rusk (1963–1969) Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford (1968–1969) Robert S. McNamara (1963–1968) Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall (1963–1969) Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy (1963–1965) Nicholas Katzenbach (1965–1967) Ramsey Clark (1967–1969) Postmaster General John A. Gronouski (1963–1965) Lawrence F. O'Brien (1965–1968) W. Marvin Watson (1968–1969) Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon (1963–1965) Henry H. Fowler (1965–1968) Joseph Barr (1968–1969) Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz (1963–1969) Secretary of Commerce Cyrus R. Smith (1968–1969) Luther H. Hodges (1963–1965) John T. Connor (1965–1967) Alexander B. Trowbridge (1967–1968) Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman (1963–1969) Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare Anthony J. Celebrezze (1963–1965) John W. Gardner (1965–1968) Wilbur J. Cohen (1968–1969) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Robert C. Wood (1969–1969) Robert C. Weaver (1966–1969) Secretary of Transportion Alan S. Boyd (1967–1969) Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Recordings Johnson Conversation with Walker Stone on Mar 21, 1964 (WH6403.15) Johnson Conversation with Catherine Duggan on Feb 12, 1964 (WH6402.15) Johnson Conversation with Marshall McNeil on Mar 23, 1964 (WH6403.15) Johnson Conversation with Yolanda Boozer on Jun 10, 1965 (WH6506.03) Johnson Conversation with Abe Fortas on Apr 17, 1965 (WH6504.04) view all recordings » Facts about Lyndon B. Johnson Term: 36th President of the United States (1963 – 1969) Born: August 27, 1908, Johnson City, Texas Political Party: Democrat Died: January 22, 1973 Nickname: “LBJ” Education: Southwest Texas State Teachers College (now Texas State University-San Marcos), graduated 1930; Georgetown Law School, attended 1934 Religion: Disciples of Christ Marriage: November 17, 1934, to Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor (1912–2007) Children: Lynda Bird (1944– ); Luci Baines (1947– ) Career: Teacher, Public Official Buried: Near Johnson City, Texas WritingsThe Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963–1969 (1971) Lyndon B. Johnson Image Gallery More images » Lyndon B. Johnson Exhibits ‘“These People Are Taking Our Jobs”’ In 1942, during the early stages of U.S. involvement in World War II, the United States signed the Bracero Agreement with Mexico, granting Mexican farm workers the opportunity to work on U.S. farms. In 1951, the program fell under the framework of Public Law 78. Over the course of the program, perhaps 5 million Latino workers became part of the U.S. agricultural system. In California in 1963, 63,000 workers had been employed through the program. In late 1963, the program's renewal was the subject of controversy, and Congress agreed only to a one-year extension, expecting the program to end on December 31, 1964. One of the opponents of extension was James Farmer, who worried that it took jobs away from black workers. Farmer had registered his discontent two months earlier, but had restated his opinion a few days before Johnson's visit with Mexican president Adolfo Lupez Mateos. Farmer urged that discontinuing the Bracero arrangement was "in the interest of native farm laborers (many of them Negro) for whom poverty is a daily reality." During that visit, California officials announced that they were stopping their efforts to extend the arrangement. ‘LBJ Sells the War on Poverty’ Throughout the period leading up to the passage of the Economic Opportunity Act, Lyndon Johnson frequently spoke of the War on Poverty in terms of improving the work habits of the poor and providing them with job and training opportunities. Conservatives were frequent targets of these appeals. This excerpt of a Johnson conversation with Texas Congressman George Mahon offers an example of such an effort to present the War on Poverty in terms of traditional goals and values. ‘LBJ and Senator Richard Russell on the Community Action Program’ In this conversation excerpt, President Johnson and Georgia Senator Richard Russell (R) express their shared dislike and distrust of the War on Poverty's Community Action Program. ‘The Murder of Civil Rights Activist Jonathan Daniels, August 20, 1965’ On August 20, 1965, Jonathan Daniels was shot in cold blood. A day after Daniels’ death, President Lyndon Johnson had a conversation with his chief civil rights aide Lee White that revealed a heart-wrenching predicament: What to do with the bodies of slain activists? more exhibits » Featured video: Speech Before Congress on Voting Rights (March 15, 1965) Presidential Speech Archive Citation Information Consulting Editor Kent Germany Professor Germany is an assistant professor of history and African American studies at the University of South Carolina. His writings include: New Orleans After the Promises: Poverty, Citizenship, and the Search for the Great Society (University of Georgia Press, 2007) Richard Nixon » « John F. Kennedy American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!