Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Ulysses S. Grant is best known as the Union general who led the United States to victory over the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. As a two-term President, he is typically dismissed as weak and ineffective; historians … more life in brief » Essays about Ulysses S. Grant Life in Brief Life in Brief: Ulysses S. Grant is best known as the Union general who led the United States to victory over the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. As a two-term President, he is typically dismissed as weak and ineffective; historians have often ranked Grant's presidency near the … Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Hiram Ulysses Grant was born on April 27, 1822, in Point Pleasant, Ohio. He was the first of six children born to religious and hard-working parents, Jesse and Hannah Grant. His father was a tanner who took animal hides and processed them into leather. He made a good living, but the work conditi… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1868: President Abraham Lincoln's assassination at the end of the Civil War was a tragedy beyond measure. It deprived a shattered nation of great leadership when it was most needed. Lincoln's successor, the uncharismatic Andrew Johnson, took charge of an embattl…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: When Ulysses S. Grant came into office, he sought to remain above politics. When he announced his first cabinet appointments, he dismayed Republican Party leaders who thought the President owed them cabinet positions for their support in the election. However, Grant kept his own counsel and balked a…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: After the Civil War, much of America's attention turned inwards as the country concentrated on rebuilding. Nevertheless, Grant's appointment of Hamilton Fish as secretary of state was one of his best decisions. The two men worked well together and respected each other's opinions altho…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: In 1875, Grant wrote a public letter formally renouncing any interest in a third term and played virtually no role in the election of 1876 until that December, when the electoral votes arrived in Washington, D.C. Because the election was so close, the outcomes in Louisiana, South Carolina, and Flori…Family Life Family Life: By any measure, the marriage of Ulysses and Julia was a successful one. The two met through her brother, Frederick Dent, who was Grant's roommate at West Point. Letters between them throughout their lives together reveal a bond that was both strong and touching. Julia stood by her husband throu…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Ulysses S. Grant left the White House in 1877, admitting in a remarkable farewell address to Congress that it had been his "misfortune to be called to the Office of Chief Executive without any political training" and apologizing for his "errors of judgment." Perhaps some of Grant… About His Administration First Lady Julia Grant Vice President Schuyler Colfax (1869–1873) Henry Wilson (1873–1875) Secretary of State Elihu B. Washburne (1869–1869) Hamilton Fish (1869–1877) Secretary of the Interior Zachariah Chandler (1875–1877) Jacob D. Cox, Jr. (1869–1877) Columbus Delano (1870–1875) Attorney General George H. Williams (1871–1875) Edwards Pierrepont (1875–1876) Alphonso Taft (1876–1877) Ebenezer R. Hoar (1869–1870) Amos T. Akerman (1870–1871) Postmaster General James N. Tyner (1876–1877) John A. J. Creswell (1869–1874) James W. Marshall (1874–1874) Marshall Jewell (1874–1876) Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristow (1874–1876) Lot M. Morrill (1876–1877) George S. Boutwell (1869–1873) William A. Richardson (1873–1874) Secretary of the Navy Adolph E. Borie (1869–1869) George M. Robeson (1869–1877) Secretary of War Alphonso Taft (1876–1876) James D. Cameron (1876–1877) John A. Rawlins (1869–1869) William T. Sherman (1869–1869) William W. Belknap (1869–1876) Facts about Ulysses S. Grant Term: 18th President of the United States (1869 – 1877) Born: April 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio Political Party: Republican Died: July 23, 1885 Nickname: “Hero of Appomattox” Education: U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York (graduated 1843) Religion: Methodist Marriage: August 22, 1848, to Julia Boggs Dent (1826–1902) Children: Frederick Dent (1850–1912), Ulysses Simpson (1852–1929), Ellen Wrenshall (1855–1922), Jesse Root (1858–1934) Career: Soldier Buried: Grant’s Tomb, New York, New York WritingsPersonal Memoirs (2 vols., 1885–1886); Papers (28 vols., 1967– ), ed. by John Y. Simon Ulysses S. Grant Image Gallery More images » It was my fortune, or misfortune, to be called to the office of Chief Executive without any previous political training. December 5, 1876 Citation Information Consulting Editor Joan Waugh Professor Waugh is a professor of history at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her writings include: U.S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth (University of North Carolina Press, 2009) Wars within a War: Controversy and Conflict over the American Civil War (editor with Gary W. Gallagher, University of North Carolina Press, 2009) The Memory of the Civil War in American Culture (editor with Alice Fahs, University of North Carolina Press, 2004) Unsentimental Reformer: The Life of Josephine Shaw Lowell (Harvard University Press, 1998) Rutherford B. Hayes » « Andrew Johnson American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!