George W. Bush (1946 – ) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States, led the country during a time of great challenge and change. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the global war on terror, the war in Iraq, and the economic downtown of 2008 are just s… more life in brief » Essays about George W. Bush Life in Brief Life in Brief: George W. Bush, the 43rd President of the United States, led the country during a time of great challenge and change. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the global war on terror, the war in Iraq, and the economic downtown of 2008 are just some of the major events that Bush had to contend w… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: George W. Bush was the first child of George Herbert Walker Bush and the former Barbara Pierce. George H. W. Bush enlisted in the Navy on his 18th birthday and became notable as the youngest pilot to earn his wings in World War II. Prior to enlistment, George H. W. Bush fell in love with Barbara Pie… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: Presidential Campaign of 2000 After Bush won reelection as governor of Texas in 1998 with a resounding victory, many national political figures urged him to run for the presidency. On the morning of his second inauguration as governor of Texas, Bush told his mother that he was still struggling with…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: Despite George W. Bush’s best intentions, his administration encountered its share of challenges: the disputed 2000 presidential election, which initially undermined its political legitimacy; the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, which recast its focus and priorities; the natural disaster o…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: The Bush administration’s responses to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, expanded presidential power in matters of national security. Bush transformed from being a President with questionable legitimacy, who had been selected in a controversial election, to taking on immense presidentia…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: George W. Bush was 62 years old when his presidential term ended. He left office with a dismal 33 percent approval rating and with 60 percent of the American public believing that he would be considered below average as President in the annals of history. When confronted with this situation, Bush wi…Family Life Family Life: George W. Bush is part of a large family (he is the oldest of five siblings) with a long tradition of public service. His grandfather, Prescott Bush, was a U.S. Senator from Connecticut. His father, George H.W. Bush, was vice president (1981-1989) and U.S. President (1989-1993). His brother,…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: The legacy of George W. Bush remains, much like his 2000 election, a subject of profound controversy, and any truly objective evaluation will likely be years in the future. He entered office as one of only a handful Presidents to lose the nation’s popular vote. The election of 2000 and the Supreme… About His Administration First Lady Laura Bush Vice President Richard B. Cheney Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice (2005–2009) Colin L. Powell (2001–2005) Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates (2006–2009) Donald H. Rumsfeld (2001–2006) Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne (2006–2009) Gale Norton (2001–2006) Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey (2007–2009) Alberto Gonzales (2005–2007) John Ashcroft (2001–2005) Secretary of the Treasury Henry M. Paulson, Jr. (2006–2009) John W. Snow (2003–2006) Paul H. O'Neill (2001–2002) Secretary of Health and Human Services Michael O. Leavitt (2005–2009) Tommy G. Thompson (2001–2005) Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao (2001–2009) Secretary of Commerce Carlos M. Gutierrez (2005–2009) Don Evans (2001–2005) Secretary of Agriculture Ed Schafer (2008–2009) Mike Johanns (2005–2007) Ann M. Veneman (2001–2005) Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings (2005–2009) Rod Paige (2001–2005) Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman (2005–2009) Spencer Abraham (2001–2005) Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff (2005–2009) Tom Ridge (2003–2005) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Steve Preston (2008–2009) Alphonso Jackson (2004–2008) Melquiades Martinez (2001–2003) Secretary of Transportion Mary E. Peters (2006–2009) Norman Y. Mineta (2001–2006) Secretary of Veterans Affairs James B. Peake (2007–2009) R. James Nicholson (2005–2007) Anthony Principi (2001–2005) George W. Bush Oral History Interviews view all interviews » Facts about George W. Bush Term: 43rd President of the United States (2001 – 2009) Born: July 6, 1946, New Haven, Connecticut Political Party: Republican Nickname: "Dubya" Education: Yale (B.S., 1968), Harvard (M.B.A., 1975) Religion: Methodist Marriage: November 5, 1977, to Laura Welch Children: Barbara (1981); Jenna (1981) Career: Businessman, public official WritingsA Charge to Keep (1999) Decision Points (2010) George W. Bush Image Gallery More images » George W. Bush Exhibits ‘Presidents and Tax Policy’ Over time Presidents have undertaken a variety of different approaches toward tax policy in an effort to respond to the large and often unpredictable U.S. economy. Once the Presidents decided which policy to pursue, they then had to try to rally public support. Their various speeches and campaigns to inform the public about tax policy met with varying success. 1961-2008. ‘Executive Privilege’ Presidents as far back as George Washington have claimed executive privilege on the grounds that a president must be able to receive candid advice from advisors and experts in order to govern appropriately. However, after President Nixon and Watergate, executive privilege has been viewed with increasing suspicion by both Congress and the public. This exhibit reflects on executive privilege as used by George Washington, Grover Cleveland, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush, and Bill Clinton. more exhibits » Today, we affirm a new commitment to live out our nation’s promise through civility, courage, compassion and character. January 20, 2001 We have seen the state of our Union in the endurance of rescuers, working past exhaustion. We have seen the unfurling of flags, the lighting of candles, the giving of blood, the saying of prayers—in English, Hebrew, and Arabic. We have seen the decency of a loving and giving people who have made the grief of strangers their own. September 20, 2001 Citation Information Consulting Editor Gary L. Gregg II Professor Gregg is the director of the McConnell Center at the University of Louisville. He also holds the Mitch McConnell Chair in leadership. His writings include: Considering the Bush Presidency. (with Mark J. Rozell, Oxford University Press, 2004) Thinking about the Presidency: Documents and Essays from the Founding to the Present. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005) Securing Democracy: Why We Have an Electoral College (2nd ed.). (ISI Books, 2008) America's Forgotten Founders (2nd ed.). (with Mark D. Hall, ISI Books, 2012) The consulting editor wishes to thank Connor Tracy and Travis Wilson for serving as research assistants on this project. 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