John Quincy Adams (1767 – 1848) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Reared for public service, John Quincy Adams became one of the nation's preeminent secretaries of state but proved the wrong man for the presidency. Aloof, stubborn, and ferociously independent, he failed to develop the support he needed in Washi… more life in brief » Essays about John Quincy Adams Life in Brief Life in Brief: Reared for public service, John Quincy Adams became one of the nation's preeminent secretaries of state but proved the wrong man for the presidency. Aloof, stubborn, and ferociously independent, he failed to develop the support he needed in Washington, even among his own party. Faced throughout … Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767, in the village of Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, a few miles south of Boston. His early years were spent living alternately in Braintree and Boston, and his doting father and affectionate mother taught him mathematics, languages, and the classics.… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1824: Although John Quincy Adams should have been the heir apparent to the presidency as James Monroe's secretary of state, the year 1824 was a political turning point in which none of the old rules applied. Four other men also wanted to be President, each with subs…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: The "American System": President John Quincy Adams wholeheartedly supported the role of the federal government in the sponsorship of projects and institutions designed to improve the conditions of society. He had no constitutional doubts about the authority of the President and Congress …Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: John Quincy Adams's administration achieved a mixed record in foreign affairs during his presidency. On the one hand, it substantially opened up trade through commercial treaties with a variety of nations, including Austria, Brazil, the Central American federation, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, w…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: After his defeat by Andrew Jackson in 1828, John Quincy Adams refused to attend the victor's inauguration, just as his father had boycotted Thomas Jefferson's in 1801. He wrote in his diary that "The sun of my political life set in the deepest gloom." Filled with sadness for the na…Family Life Family Life: During their years in the White House, President Adams and his wife Louisa seldom spent much time together. Except for breakfast and an occasional dinner, during which they both read papers and rarely talked, they often went for weeks without much communication. And by his second year in office, the…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Although a great secretary of state and a man eminently qualified for executive office, John Quincy Adams was hopelessly weakened in his leadership potential as a result of the election of 1824. Most importantly, Adams failed as a President principally because he was a poor politician in a day and a… About His Administration First Lady Louisa Adams Vice President John C. Calhoun (1825-1829) Secretary of State Henry Clay (1825–1829) Attorney General William Wirt (1825–1829) Postmaster General John McLean (1825–1829) Secretary of the Treasury Richard Rush (1825–1829) Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard (1825–1829) Secretary of War Peter B. Porter (1828–1829) James Barbour (1825–1828) Facts about John Quincy Adams Term: 6th President of the United States (1825 – 1829) Born: July 11, 1767, Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts Political Party: Federalist, Democratic-Republican, Whig Died: February 23, 1848 Nickname: “Old Man Eloquent” Education: Harvard College (graduated 1787) Religion: Unitarian Marriage: July 26, 1797, to Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775–1852) Children: George Washington (1801–1829), John (1803–1834), Charles Francis (1807–1886), Louisa Catherine (1811–1812) Career: Lawyer, Senator, Diplomat Buried: First Unitarian Church, Quincy, Massachusetts WritingsMemoirs (12 vols., 1874–1877); Writings of John Quincy Adams (7 vols., 1913–1917) John Quincy Adams Image Gallery More images » Citation Information Consulting Editor Margaret A. Hogan Ms. Hogan is the managing editor of the Adams Papers at the Massachusetts Historical Society. She has been the series editor for the Adams Family Correspondence volumes since 2004. Andrew Jackson » « James Monroe American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!