John Tyler (1790 – 1862) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: John Tyler signaled the last gasp of the Old Virginia aristocracy in the White House. Born a few years after the American Revolution in 1790 to an old family from Virginia's ruling class, Tyler graduated from the College of William and Mary at th… more life in brief » Essays about John Tyler Life in Brief Life in Brief: John Tyler signaled the last gasp of the Old Virginia aristocracy in the White House. Born a few years after the American Revolution in 1790 to an old family from Virginia's ruling class, Tyler graduated from the College of William and Mary at the age of seventeen, studied law, and went to work … Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: John Tyler's rise to the highest office in the nation signaled the last gasp of old Virginia aristocracy in the White House. Born a few years after the American Revolution in 1790 to a family that traced its roots back to the 1650s in the Old Dominion, Tyler was the last President of the ninetee… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1840: When the Whigs held their first convention in late 1839, the attendees reflected a loosely joined confederation of slave-owners and abolitionists, nationalists and antinationalists. These individuals were united by their dislike of Andrew Jackson and his chose…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: John Tyler's very first presidential decision was his wisest and most far-reaching. He waved off all talk of his being a "temporary" President, claimed that the Constitution gave him the full and unqualified powers of the office, and had himself sworn in immediately. Though he drew…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: In sharp contrast to his domestic policies, John Tyler's foreign policy decision making went much more smoothly. Recognizing the coming importance of the Asian Pacific region to trade, he sent a key diplomatic mission to China. This move resulted in commercial and consular relations with the cou…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Just hours after Polk's inauguration in March of 1844, John and Julia Tyler were on their way home to Virginia. They retired to the former President's plantation and the rapidly vanishing world of Old Dominion aristocracy. While money was often tight, they lived comfortably and the family gr…Family Life Family Life: Despite being born into money and marrying into it twice, debt continually shadowed John Tyler. Forced to put up appearances and entertain to advance his political aspirations, he usually lived beyond his means. He tended to be generous with friends and often made bad loans, and his fourteen childre…The American Franchise The American Franchise: The population of the United States increased by 18 percent during John Tyler's presidency, as immigrants poured in from Ireland, Germany, and other parts of northern Europe. By the end of Tyler's term, the vast expansion and democratization of the American electorate had run its course. In …Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: William Henry Harrison's death demonstrated for the first time the importance of nominating a vice president who actually was qualified for the presidency. Once in office, many Americans felt that John Tyler lacked the temperament and political skills to be chief executive. However, it could be … About His Administration First Lady Letitia Tyler Julia Gardiner Tyler Vice President none Secretary of State John C. Calhoun (1844–1845) Abel P. Upshur (1843–1844) Daniel Webster (1841–1843) Attorney General John Nelson (1843–1845) John J. Crittenden (1841–1841) Hugh S. Legare (1841–1843) Postmaster General Francis Granger (1841–1841) Charles A. Wickliffe (1841–1845) Secretary of the Treasury George M. Bibb (1844–1845) John C. Spencer (1843–1844) Thomas Ewing (1841–1841) Walter Forward (1841–1843) Secretary of the Navy Thomas W. Gilmer (1844–1844) John Y. Mason (1844 -1845) David Henshaw (1843–1844) Abel P. Upshur (1841–1843) George E. Badger (1841–1841) Secretary of War William Wilkins (1844–1845) James M. Porter (1843–1844) John Bell (1841–1841) John C. Spencer (1841–1843) Facts about John Tyler Term: 10th President of the United States (1841 – 1845) Born: March 29, 1790, Charles City County, Virginia Political Party: Democrat, Whig Died: January 18, 1862 Nickname: “Accidental President;” “His Accidency” Education: College of William and Mary (graduated 1807) Religion: Episcopalian Marriage: March 29, 1813, to Letitia Christian (1790–1842); June 26, 1844, to Julia Gardiner (1820–1889) Children: Mary (1815–1848), Robert (1816–1877), John (1819–1896), Letitia (1821–1907), Elizabeth (1823–1850), Anne Contesse (1825), Alice (1827–1854), Tazewell (1830–1874), David Gardiner (1846–1927), John Alexander (1848–1883), Julia Gardiner (1849–1871), Lachlan (1851–1902), Lyon Gardiner (1853–1935), Robert Fitzwalter (1856–1927), Pearl (1860–1947) Career: Lawyer Buried: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia John Tyler Image Gallery More images » Citation Information Consulting Editor William Freehling Professor Freehling is a senior fellow at the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and the emeritus Singletary Professor of the Humanities at the University of Kentucky. His writings include: The Road to Disunion, 1776–1861 (2 volumes; Oxford University Press, 1990 and 2007) The Reintegration of American History: Slavery and the Civil War (Oxford University Press, 1994) Prelude to Civil War: the Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, 1816–1836 (Oxford University Press, 1992) James K. Polk » « William Harrison American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!